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What Must Be Kept In Mind About Pregnancy Tests?

Pregnancy tests are no more a taboo or something which cannot be done at home as well. With the advancement in the field of medical science, their pregnancy kits which add to the swiftness. They are handy and do not cost you a fortune. When in doubt, they can be used anytime without the consultation of an expert. But it must also be taken into note that all pregnancy test kits, the expensive ones, in particular, does not equate to being accurate. Hence, we discuss some of the key factors which must be kept in mind about pregnancy tests:

  1. Take a sample of the first-morning urine- By using urine from the first thing in the morning you actually have more of the hormone (hCG) that the test is looking for building up in your urine. It can thus be beneficial for getting an accurate test reading. All you need is keep your forgetfulness aside and do not take a leak. Many also are of the opinion that if you hold up urine for more than four hours, it is going to be as useful as the first-morning urine as a sample to check whether you are pregnant or not. But the key is basically to not overload yourself on fluids to make your urine more dilute.
  2. Read the instructions carefully- Anxiety kicks in at the very thought of checking for pregnancy pretty much like going for the first ct scan. It has certainly the potential to change our lives forever. Nevertheless, one needs to be patient and But, before you even enter the bathroom, pull out the instructions and read them thoroughly. Leave nothing to chance and if you have had a test previously, don't rely upon them completely. Also, there are limits which decide on how long the test is valid to read.
  3. Follow up on the tests- If you received a negative result which was not of the expected kind, or you have not started your period a week later, you need to retest. It is very much a process that most of the pregnancy tests ask you to follow. The reason being that it allows the body to produce detectable amounts of hCG in your urine. Thus it can be construed that a negative test may not always be a negative test. Perhaps, it would be too early for the test to turn positive.

Pregnancy can be sensitive as well as a volatile issue for many women trying to avoid unwanted pregnancy. It is not just the unmarried women but also the married ones planning a family who go for these tests all by themselves. That being said, it is most advised to seek medical help of the expert if there are too many contradictions on results. The test kits are made to give the women a firsthand insight on how accurate their conjecture about the pregnancy is. When in doubt, it is always better to take a step ahead.

How Essential Oils Can Prevent Migraine?

Migraine is a severe recurring vascular headache. More often than not, it is women who suffer more from this medical condition than woman. The dull ache is often heart throbbing and in some cases distorts the speech of a person due to the severity of pain. Only a detailed scan of the head in the MRI Scan Centre can give the right assessment of the pain.

Though migraine does have specific medications in place for every possible level of pain, the essential oils can also have a significant impact in easing the pain. One may ask how the essential oil can be as good, if not better than the drugs and medication. To put things into perspective, the essential oils are administered externally. On more beneficial terms, the essential oils provide relief, aid circulation and reduce stress. They are equally laced with other health benefits like boosting your immune system instead of wreaking havoc on your vital organs. Let's have a look at some of the essential oils which are effective in preventing migraine.

  1. Peppermint- It has a long-lasting cooling effect on the skin, ability to inhibit muscle contractions and role in stimulating blood flow in the forehead when applied topically. One suggestion to use peppermint oil to improve blood circulation, reduce pain and relieve tension is that the oil be diluted with two to three drops of peppermint oil with coconut oil and applied into the shoulders, forehead, and back of neck.
  2. Lavender- Lavender essential oil has a variety of therapeutic and curative properties. It has excellent properties which relax and relieves tension and stress — working as a sedative, antidepressant, anti-anxiety, anxiolytic, anticonvulsant and calming agent. It can even be an effective treatment of neurological conditions and disorders, the latest research shows. The two primary benefits of lavender oil are relieving feelings of restlessness and disturbed sleep, two symptoms of headaches. It also regulates serotonin levels, which helps minimize pain in the nervous system that can lead to migraine attacks
  3. Eucalyptus- Widely regarded as an expectorant, it helps cleanse the body of toxins and harmful microorganisms. It also opens the nasal airways and eliminates sinus pressure that can lead to a nasty headache; all while promoting emotional balance and boosting mood. To get quick relief, add diluted two to four drops of eucalyptus oil with carrier oil, and apply it topically to the chest, back of the neck, temples, and forehead. Not only does it eliminate the nasal buildup and clears your airways — alleviating the sinus tension that leads to a headache or migraine attack.
Some Surprisingly Low-Calorie Food To Add To Your Diet

Summers are here and we are always occupied with the thought of preventing ourselves from the harsh heat, heatstroke, and loss of appetite. For most of us are advised that we switch to fluid based diet as they are easy on stomach, hydrate the body and also keep us full. However, we also have a certain group of people who would go beyond the miles to measure how much they eat. By and large, they are referred to as the "calorie conscious people". Here's the good news! The calorie-conscious can now also look up to having the foods which have long been unknown or neglected. So let's have a look at them:

  1. Soup- Though known to many, the goodness of soups is largely underestimated due to the fad associated with having packed food which claims to have low calories. Some research suggests that a bowl of soup may be more filling than solid foods. Soups are the best way to keep your calorie intake in check or even decrease the same in a healthy way provided you suffer from obesity and are in need to lose weight fast.
  2. Eggs- They have been misunderstood or perhaps even demonized as food which we should have in summer season. Some think that the eggs can increase the bodily heat, and others are concerned about the repercussions that the skin can face. In reality, eggs are extremely nutrient-dense, as they’re low in calories but rich in many vital nutrients. A single large egg has is a source to 72 calories, 6 grams of protein and a wide array of important vitamins and minerals which make for the nutrition of the body in the most balanced way. Studies suggest that starting your day with a serving of eggs can reduce hunger and boost fullness.
  3. Popcorn- In our focus to have more of the vital nutrients for summers like protein, carbohydrates and vitamins, we tend to overlook the importance of fiber. Thanks to the high fiber content in popcorn, it slows your digestive process to promote fullness, but it can also stabilize blood sugar to prevent hunger and craving.
  4. Fish- Fish is rich in protein and heart-healthy fats. It is known to all. What we also need to know is that an approximate 85gms of fish serving provides over 15 grams of protein whilst keeping the calorie intake under 70 calories! Some research points out that increasing protein intake can decrease appetite and reduce levels of ghrelin, the hormone that stimulates hunger.

Hence if we have these foods in the summer, we can keep the calorie count in check though it also must be understood that one can consume food and suppress hunger when needed. The reason being that the kidney functioning must also be kept intact and checked once in a while with CBC test.

Why Undergo Thyroid Profile?

The thyroid profile consists of a group of tests that can be requested together to evaluate the function of the thyroid gland and as an aid in the diagnosis of their alterations. The tests included in the thyroid profile measure the quantity of thyroid hormones in the blood. Thyroid hormones travel through the blood and control or regulate the body's metabolism - how the body works and how it uses energy.

The Thrombophilia profile test usually includes:

  • TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone) - used for the diagnosis of hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism, and to monitor the treatment of thyroid disorders
  • T4 (thyroxine)- is used for the diagnosis of hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism; It can also be used to monitor the treatment
  • T3 (triiodothyronine) - is used for the diagnosis of hyperthyroidism; It can also be used to monitor the treatment.

In some cases, the T3 uptake test (T3RU) can be included to calculate, along with the T4 value, the free thyroxine index. The thyroid stimulating hormone is generated in the pituitary gland and forms part of the body's feedback system to maintain stable concentrations of thyroid hormones T4 and T3 in the blood. When the concentrations of these hormones in the blood decrease, the pituitary gland is stimulated, and the TSH release occurs. For its part, TSH stimulates the production and release of T4 and T3 by the thyroid gland. When the system works properly, the production of the hormones is stimulated and inhibited to maintain an adequate concentration of thyroid hormones in the blood.

T3 and T4 are the two main hormones produced by the thyroid gland, a small organ in the shape of a butterfly attached to the trachea. Together they control the speed at which the body uses energy. The majority of T3 and T4 in blood circulates bound to proteins. The non-protein or "free" minority portions are the biologically active forms of the hormones. There are tests to measure the fractions of free T3 or T4, as well as the total T3 and T4 forms (bound and unbound portion) in blood.

Although tests that measure the total fractions of T3 and T4 have been used for many years, the results may be affected by the amount of protein available in the blood to bind to them. In contrast, the amount of free T3 and T4 is not affected by the concentration of proteins, and they seem to reflect more accurately the function of the thyroid gland. In most cases, the analysis of free T4 has replaced that of total T4. However, some guides still recommend the total T3 test.

Is any prior preparation required to ensure the quality of the sample?

For thyroid test, no special preparation is required. However, some drugs can interfere with the tests included in the thyroid profile, so it is essential to inform the doctor about any medication that is being taken.

Why do the analysis?

As an aid to evaluate the function of the thyroid gland and in the diagnosis of thyroid disorders.

Why is Magnetic Resonance so Noisy?

In past years, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI diagnostic labs in Delhi) has become one of the most requested tests within a diagnostic imaging service thanks to its great potential to differentiate the different tissues that make up the human body, but why is it so noisy? It is the question that many patients ask themselves at the end of the test.

The Magnetic resonance machine basically consists of a powerful magnet, mostly superconductors, with a transmitter and a radio wave receiver, in addition to all the electronics necessary to coordinate its operation. The magnet creates a powerful magnetic field even more powerful than that of the earth, the transmitter, in turn, emits radio waves that are directed towards the patient, these waves excite the protons of the different tissues and the receiver picks up the signal emitted with which will create the image.

There are four magnets, one main, the largest and most powerful, and the other three smaller ones are the gradients, which are inside a large metal coil called a gradient coil. This coil is composed of copper electromagnets that create a secondary magnetic field in each of the three directions of space and fulfill a fundamental function since they are responsible for spatially locating the RM signal and coding it in order to create the image.

What is so much acoustic noise? To create the magnetic field an electric current has to be applied and when this is applied in the presence of a static magnetic field they produce variable magnetic forces that act on the gradient coil (mechanical vibration) and cause it to expand and contract rapidly in a matter of milliseconds producing movements or vibrations generating noise that is manifested throughout the room, so we can say that the main responsible for the noise generated by the magnetic resonance machine are the gradient coils.

There are other factors that contribute to generate noise such as the modification of acquisition parameters, acoustic noise tends to improve with the reduction of the thickness of cut, the field of vision (FOV), RT (repetition time) and ET (echo time) but this may affect the resulting image.

On the other hand, the acoustic noise characteristics have a spatial dependence depending on the position and the size of the patient; the levels can vary by about 10dB.

Studies conducted including a variety of pulse sequences where several gradients are applied resulted in this type of sequences (3D and GR) being among the strongest with levels ranging from 103-113 dB. Other studies also measured the acoustic noise generated by echo planar (EPI) and FSE (fast spin echo) sequences in 1.5T, noise levels ranging from 114 to 115 dB and in 3T levels in the range of 126 to 131 dB for these noise levels the use of hearing protection is recommended.

When the patient asks about technical issues like this we cannot use a very technical language since the patient would not understand us, we have to find a way to make ourselves understood in order to satisfy their curiosity. A patient informed about the MRI test cost in Noida that is going to be performed tends to collaborate and feel safer.

The 3 Main Trends In Diagnostic Imaging Of 2019

The technology is not modern but its applications could be surprising.

The prospects for diagnostic imaging in 2019 seem very similar to what was discussed in 2018. Artificial intelligence (AI) and wearable devices are again on the list, along with even more apps for mobile imaging devices. This ranking of the 3 main trends in diagnostic imaging is no surprise. However, in 2019, it will be interesting to observe a better understanding and more applications of these already existing technologies.

Trend 1. Artificial intelligence deserves a closer look

The interest and development of applications on the subject of artificial intelligence will remain high. Although artificial intelligence is explored as an additional eye on image analysis, it will not replace the human factor. MRI scan centers in east Delhi do much more as compared to the most advanced algorithm can do because they don't focus exclusively on images. Their purpose includes communication, image quality assessment, image optimization, training, procedures, policy definition, and more. Becoming an expert in all these essential skills would require a level of "general artificial intelligence" of at least 20 years- if not perhaps more.

Trend 2. Wearable diagnostics

Wearable medical devices will do more in imaging than during 2019. Although many medical devices have limitations and some are controversial, the list of their applications- from measuring ECGs to alerting people overexposed to UV rays- is exploding. One of the most recent inventions for diagnostic imaging is the MEG wearable brain scanner.

The lightweight MEG is "worn as a helmet and can measure brain activity while people make natural movements like nodding, stretching, drinking tea and even playing ping-pong." The wearable scanner offers better imaging possibilities to patients with disorders that cause body movements.

Another wearable device is an MRI glove. Worn close to the skin, it can provide clear and consistent images of moving joints and tendons.

The advantages of the images produced by the MRI glove include the provision of a clear map of the anatomy of the hand, which helps in multiple aspects, from surgery to the most accurate prosthesis design.

Trend 3. Mobile applications for brain and body

Although there are many health apps for mobile devices, there are not many applications approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for diagnostic imaging. However, mobile technology will continue to affect the medical profession in diagnostic imaging.

Together, these developments allow radiologists to report, collaborate, and consult doctors in other specialties with the same certainty that they would have following an assessment at their reporting workstations.

Concluding

There will be technological advances that will help improve the diagnoses and speed with which they can be processed. Finally, greater flexibility through mobile access for radiologists will help doctors, nurses, and other professionals involved in the care continuum to be better informed and closer to the patient.

MRI Gains In Precision- A Big Plus For Neuroradiology

Medical MRIs generally use a magnetic field of 1.5 Tesla, but more and more establishments are equipped with 3 Tesla MRIs which allow an improvement of the image quality to visualize brain structures.

In recent years, MRI technology has greatly improved, which has allowed the introduction of magnets twice as powerful as those of the previous generation. An innovation that first benefited university hospitals, but is now spreading in many radiology centers. With regard to brain imaging, many diseases benefit from the improvement of the quality of 3 Tesla images, such as small malformations of the cortex in epilepsy, or micro-aneurysms of intracranial vessels.

Without additional risk

As a reminder, unlike the scanner, the MRI technique is not based on the use of radiation but on that of a magnetic field and radio waves. It relies on the property of the nucleus of hydrogen atoms to behave like a small magnetized top in certain conditions. Now, these atoms are present everywhere in our body: in water and in fats, in different quantities according to the tissues. When the protons are placed in a strong magnetic field- provided by the large tunnel-shaped magnet inside which the patient enters- they become magnetized.

Emitting electromagnetic waves of the same frequency excite the hydrogen nuclei and disturb the equilibrium state of the system: this is the resonance phenomenon. After each pulse, the protons restore the energy accumulated during their excitation by producing a signal, received by antennas. This signal closely depends on the water concentration of the surrounding molecules so that we can distinguish each tissue. Whatever the MRI test cost in Gurgaon, there are no contraindications or additional risk since the biological effects of a short exposure to a static magnetic field have been widely studied and no deleterious effects have been reported.

The gain of safety and comfort

MRI is often feared by patients as it can be painful to stay for almost an hour without moving in this narrow, hot, and noisy environment. They will be happy to learn that the exam time can be significantly reduced. It obviously depends on the indication, but a complete brain scan lasting 45 minutes can, for example, be reduced to 30 minutes. Regarding the tariff, it is not different from a 1.5 Tesla MRI since the TARMED grid does not differentiate magnetic field differences. Now, when a patient consults for a headache, a diagnosis with a 3 Tesla MRI will result in a much safer outcome. Especially since certain pathologies require a fast treatment at the risk of endangering the life of the patient.

Previously, patients were apprehensive about passing an MRI. The procedure took a long time, from three-quarters of an hour to one hour. Moreover, it was necessary to remain motionless in a narrow white tunnel. Few were happy at this prospect.

Fortunately, the deal was quick to change. Given the rapid growth of MRI applications, operators wanted to see the hardware and software evolve in order to improve the procedure, both in terms of speed and comfort. Recent years have seen the implementation of innovations that have accelerated the scanning speed or optimized comfort. The MRI has thus gained in efficiency and user-friendliness, for both patients and MRI scan centers in New Delhi.

High-Precision MRI Finds Physical Source of Depression

Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) of the brain can help predict the response to antidepressant treatment.

Predicting the effectiveness of antidepressant treatment would be possible through functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) observation of the brain, according to the results of a study published in the medical journal Brain. MRI tests in east Delhi provides a precise response to the 90% treatment response.

MRI FOR EARLY DIAGNOSIS

During the study, the researchers observed that brain activity in the event of errors on a cognitive task is related to the response to MRI treatment. In fact, patients who display the most activity in two brain networks in the event of an error while performing a cognitive task are less likely to respond to antidepressant treatments.

Depression: magnetic resonance imaging to verify the effectiveness of treatment

Brain imaging techniques work. However, it is impossible to think of using them always to verify the effect of psychotherapy.

In recent weeks, a well-recognized journal has published an interesting study which shows that it is possible to evaluate the goodness of psychotherapy through magnetic resonance imaging. A research that, according to the authors, will lead in the future to use brain imaging to identify the best treatment of depression in every single patient is far from being a reality.

Depression: the triggers

Today we know that depression arises from a combination of biological factors - such as genetics - and psychological and environmental factors. These include stress, social problems, difficulties in interpersonal relationships, a tendency to overestimate the negative aspects and minimize the positive ones, etc. For a person with a high biological predisposition, minimal adverse external events are enough to generate a depressive episode.

Photographing alterations

The combination of these triggering factors leads to the development of depression: change in mood, alterations in sleep, reduction in interests, alterations in appetite, and reduction of energy are just some of the symptoms. Beyond the triggering cause is the brain. In depression, real structural and physiological changes occur. Modifications that can be "photographed" thanks to imaging techniques such as functional magnetic resonance. Alterations that, with an integrated approach between psychotherapy and the use of drugs, can improve - as well as the symptoms of the depressed person until they disappear entirely.

A little sustainable hypothesis

The study in question has exploited this knowledge by photographing the changes of a depressed brain that gradually returns to normal functioning when psychotherapy begins to function. However, we see difficult applications in clinical practice. At the moment, it would not be feasible to make a functional MRI to see if a patient responds to psychotherapy or a drug. It is, in fact, much simpler - and less expensive - to evaluate the answer with more traditional methods, which is talking with the patients and observing the change in their thoughts and feelings. MRI test labs are waiting for some hi-tech company to find a way to make a smartphone capable of performing an MRI.

CBC Test- Why You May Need To Undergo This Test?

A complete blood count is the most common and most needed diagnostic test. It allows the doctor to evaluate the patient's blood parameters and promptly draw primary conclusions about his condition. When is a complete blood count given? Human blood consists of hundreds of components. For each of them, there are certain norms, and it is the “general analysis” that allows for a broad blood examination and to identify:

Whether hostile microorganisms are present;

What is the state of human immunity, how do hormones and enzymes behave?

What is the physical and chemical composition of blood?

A complete blood count implies a comprehensive review of the patient’s condition, which makes it possible to detect the signs of a particular disease or disorder in the early stages. The analysis is assigned to all patients who applied for specialized medical care. Taking blood from a finger or a vein (arterial or venous blood) is simple enough, but at the same time informative for the doctor. For example, it allows the patient to identify possible allergic reactions to certain drugs, which will further exclude them from the structure of treatment. However, it should be remembered that for making a final diagnosis of a complete blood count alone is not enough, and the doctor will also prescribe other tests.

Deciphering the complete blood count of adults: the norm and pathology

Like most diagnostic tests, the test of CBC ESR pregnancy in Delhi is done in the morning and on an empty stomach. The result - a summary table of indicators - is prepared for several hours and delivered to the attending physician, and then to the patient either on the same or the next day. Here are the most common indicators of the total blood count, studied in the clinical laboratory:

  • Hemoglobin;
  • Red blood cell count;
  • Color index;
  • Reticulocyte count;
  • Platelet count; ESR;
  • Leukocyte formula, etc.

Even if you get the test results, and some of the indicators do not seem to be up to standard - do not panic. The human circulatory system is a very complex and sensitive mechanism, and changes in it can often be individual and depend on many factors. In order to properly “read” the results form, the doctor needs to know as much about the patient as possible: from the symptoms and the time of the onset of indisposition to the dietary supplements that he used during the last time. Remember this and be sure to share such information with your doctor.

Why should I perform this analysis?

You may need this test if you have:

  • Unusual bleeding or bruising
  • Infection or inflammation
  • Persistent weakness and fatigue that your doctor suspects may be symptoms of anemia

You may also have this test if your health care provider suspects that you may have a certain condition or illness, or it may be done as part of a routine exam to assess your health status. In addition, the CBC test Price Delhi varies and used to monitor the effectiveness of certain treatments.

What other analyzes could you do with me?

Your health care provider may ask you for additional tests if your CBC results are abnormal. These may include other blood tests, urinalysis, and tests of bone marrow or cerebrospinal fluid.

A Liver Function Test Helps With Liver Surgeries

Liver function tests are performed on blood samples and measure the values of enzymes and other substances produced by the liver. These substances include:

  • Alanine transaminase (ALT)
  • Albumin
  • Alkaline phosphatase
  • Alpha-fetoprotein
  • Aspartate transaminase (AST)
  • Bilirubin
  • Gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase
  • Lactate dehydrogenase
  • 5'-nucleotidase

The values of these substances measure the effectiveness of normal liver protein production and bile secretion. The values of other substances detect the presence and degree of liver inflammation. However, sometimes the values can be much higher than the norm, generally because the subject is suffering from other disorders.

One of the liver function tests is prothrombin time (prothrombin time, PT), used to calculate the international normalized ratio (international normalized ratio, INR). An abnormal result on the PT or INR test may indicate the presence of acute liver disease. In chronic liver diseases, an increasing PT or INR value usually indicates progression to liver failure.

Reliability of liver function tests

Both liver function tests are very reliable. While the blood test initially provides an overview of a possible disease of the organ, the Liver Function Test cost in Delhi provides reliable data on the functioning of the organ and can thus save lives. Because if the surgical risk is known, the surgery can be done with appropriate precautions. But even with the latest methods, surgery on the liver is always a risky procedure.

How does this liver function test work?

At the beginning of the test, patients receive an injection of methacetin.

Methacetin is an enzyme that is harmless to the human body and rapidly converts to CO2 (carbon dioxide) and paracetamol. This transformation makes a detoxification enzyme that is formed in the liver. The decomposition product CO2 is released to the outside through the breathing air. To analyze the respiratory air and its carbon dioxide content and thereby determine how fast the enzyme works, the patients are given a specially designed respiratory mask for this purpose. Thus, the enzyme performance of the liver can be measured, and an assessment of the surgical risk can be made.

The less carbon dioxide in the exhaled air, the worse the liver works. In this case, preliminary damage to the liver is assumed, and the surgical risk is very high.

What do you do if your liver function is insufficient for surgery?

We cannot improve the function itself, but the volume, by stimulating liver growth before surgery. For example, a vessel is closed so that the diseased part of the liver, which has to be removed anyway, shrinks. The cells of the healthy liver area notice that they have to do more and make this part grow. In some cases, this helps very well and allows partial surgery.

Another variation is to change the therapy methods. For example, you can "burn" individual offshoots with a special procedure or prefer a drug therapy.

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