In 2019, as per the American Cancer Society, about 52,070 new cases of thyroid cancer (14,260 in men and 37,810 in women) will be diagnosed in the United States. In addition, about 2170 people will die due to this tumor (1,020 men and 1,150 women). The mortality rate of thyroid cancer has been fairly stable for many years, and it remains very low compared to other cancers.
The increase in the amount of patients diagnosed with thyroid cancer is attributed to an increase in the use of the highest quality diagnostic technology, as well as to the routine use of ultrasound and fine-needle aspiration puncture (FNA). There ultrasound test cost in Delhi vary differently.
Many of the thyroid cancers are diagnosed incidentally when a patient undergoes an imaging test (computed tomography, an MRI, a positron emission tomography, or a neck ultrasound) for a reason unrelated to the thyroid. This allows today to identify cases that previously went unnoticed because they are small tumors.
Therefore, early detection of this condition implies the possibility of having more options for its treatment. One of the first tests performed by the specialist to explore the thyroid gland is manual exploration, in order to notice any abnormal mass. This type of exam usually shows a high percentage of packages, although everything depends on the conditions of each person or their complexion.
For example, in patients with obesity problems, it is more difficult to access the gland through palpation. Other times, the nodules are small or more hidden. In these cases, other studies are carried out to identify the nodules.
The most important imaging test used in the neck is high definition ultrasound, both for its accessibility and equipment economy and for its safety, since there is no exposure to any type of radiation. It is a quick and simple system, in addition to one of the most effective to confirm or rule out if a person has thyroid tumours, thanks to its greater accuracy.
Once the nodules have been identified - either because the doctor has noticed a mass on manual palpation or through an ultrasound - the next step is to find out the nature of that lesion. For this, the PAAF is used. This technique is simple, painless, safe, and highly reliable, which usually guides the expert on whether it is a nodule is benign or malignant. The procedure involves pricking the cyst and extracting a sample of cells to analyse them. Before having an ultrasound, it is good to know about the ultrasound test price first.
95% of thyroid tumours are benign, and, however, the diagnosis is sometimes neither easy nor obvious. In fact, there are cases where the malignant features of the cells are not defined. However, specialists generally have a series of guidelines to identify whether or not it is an injury that may affect the patient's health.
In short, it is important to go to the doctor at the slightest indication or suspicion, so that he can do the necessary tests, monitor the nodules or, failing that, start the treatment or removal of the thyroid gland.