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Blog posts of '2018' 'April'

Useful Tips To Maintain Postnatal Care And Hygiene

Postnatal period is the time when you are recovering from the body changes associated with pregnancy. This is the time for adapting to a new life, especially for the new mother. During the nine months of pregnancy, the woman was the centre of attention for everyone. But now, it is the newborn baby. It is likely for you to get so busy with your baby that you may neglect proper postnatal care.

Useful tips to maintain postnatal care and hygiene

The postnatal period is a very vulnerable time for the mother since she is prone to various infections. It is also a time when she requires a lot of physical and emotional support from her family, especially from her partner. Neglecting to provide hygienic care for the mother during this time will only increase the chance of infections in both the mother and child. Postnatal hygiene is essential for prevention of infections and to speed up the healing process of the mother's body to return to the pre-pregnancy state. Postnatal hygiene is applicable not only to the mother but also for the people around her, who are caring for her and the child. We give you few useful postnatal hygiene tips that are easy to follow:

Washing hands- An effective way of ensuring postnatal hygiene is to wash your hands with lather and rinse under running water. Wash your hands before you eat, after washing the infant's clothes and after a trip to the toilet.

Toilet hygiene- Frequent urination after childbirth leads to infection if not cleaned properly and promptly.  To maintain postnatal hygiene, you should clean the genital area with warm water from front to back and pat dry.

Stay hydrated- During the postnatal period; there is an urge to urinate frequently as the body gets rid of the extra water accumulated during pregnancy. Drinking lots of water during the postnatal period would also reduce bladder infection


Maintain breast hygiene -It is essential to maintain the hygiene of your breasts as any infection may also spread to the baby. As a postnatal hygiene, it is advisable that you rinse the breast with water to avoid spreading the infection to the baby.


Perinea care- For a proper perinea care, it is advised that the area is cleaned twice a day with diluted antiseptic mixed with water. It must also be understood that the stitches in the perinea takes some time to heal.


After a cesarean - After a cesarean delivery, the postnatal care becomes even more critical to the hygiene of the woman’s body. It should be ensured that the stitches and the naval area is kept clean and moisturized so that there is no itching sensation. Be extra cautious about not putting pressure on the stitches while holding the baby or feeding.

Rest and exercise- Though it is widely acknowledged that you will feel exhausted after childbirth, you must start to mix up some basic exercises in bits and pieces so the body is not pushed to a state of sloth, which in turn causes weight gain.  It is equally important to get enough sleep.

Food hygiene- Since the mother is recovering from the physical as well as mental stress of maternity; it must be ensured that she is given hygienic food. The fruit meant for serving the mother of the child must be washed properly. Also, the vegetables should be properly cooked as to they are not raw or unfit for consumption.
Visitor’s hygiene- In the postnatal period, both baby and the mother can pick up infections from visitors who could be friends or other members of the family. It is therefore advisable that the number of visitors is limited during this period to reduce the risk of getting any infections. 

6 Foods To Avoid This Summer

As summer starts to spread its tentacles to cause extreme discomfort and restless, the body becomes vulnerable to lots of health complications. But the crux of summer healthcare lies on the fact that most of these health hazards can be warded off with a change in diet plan i.e. one must choose food that benefits the bodily functions and also keeps you well fed. Summer is also the season wherein we tend to lose our body metabolism in great measures. In our previous article, we featured the foods to add to your menu in summer. Now, let’s shift focus to the foods that we need to avoid in summer.

 junk food

  1.     Fried/junk food- Two of the usual suspects that have always been rounded up in the list of food to avoid in summer season are foods that are fried and contain high amounts of trans fats. Oily food harms the process of digestion and can even make people susceptible to food poisoning. Add to that, the accumulation of bad fat that’d do nothing but cause weight gain. Hence, one should opt for healthier options like a salad made of fresh and watery vegetables and fruits. meat
  2.     Meat- Although meat is a great source of protein, a nutrient required for building muscles, it is also true that consumption of the same is too much for the stomach to bear. This goes particularly well for red meat since it causes a lot of heat. Therefore, one must avoid eating meat in summer at all costs. Dairy products
  3.     Dairy products- No arguments on the fact that dairy products are the best available source of calcium and Vitamin D, two most essential sources required for healthier bones. However, the digestion of the body takes a beating and shows symptoms of flatulence, bloating and gas. Furthermore, skin allergy is also a common problem experienced due to the consumption of dairy products in the summer. Mangoes
  4.     Mangoes- It is virtually impossible to resist the temptation of eating mangoes in summer, and why not? The king of fruits is a favorite among one and all. But one must be advised about eating mangoes in moderation during the summer season. Eating too many mangoes in summer can trigger cases of loose motion and diarrhea. Kids and teenagers are gripped with the problem of acne and skin itchiness. It is, therefore, necessary to limit the consumption of mangoes to the point that it acts as a good palate cleanser! whole grain bread
  5.     Chapati/whole grain bread- Much of the health problems of the body stems from the non-functioning of the internal organs. Since diet is of such crucial importance, it must be under the watch whatsoever. Eating chapatis may be a good alternative for people struggling to maintain their weight, it is also important to understand that whole grain bread are difficult to digest at the time of the year when the body experiences loss of water. Therefore, one must consider switching over to rice. Spices
  6.     Spices- It can’t be explained any better when we say that spicy food can spell disaster to your health in the summer season. The more one eats spicy food, the more they risk their body to get affected by the heat generated by the spices. The alternative to spicy food is simple; eat boiled food and fresh fruits. 
When Do A Third screening? - Screening For The 3rd Trimester

The third screening is a critical examination, the final stage of prenatal diagnosis. This set of procedures is designed to control the development of the fetus, as well as confirm existing ones or discover pathologies that could not be detected earlier.

When Do A Third screening

When does the third screening?

The third screening recommended to be done between the 32nd and 34th weeks of gestation. At this time, the results of the Pregnancy Ultrasound will be the most accurate, contain more critical information about the health of the baby, the state of embryonic organs in the light of approaching births.

What happens in the womb at this time?

  •        Increase the size of the body of the baby.
  •        His internal organs grow (lungs, brain, etc.).
  •        The skin becomes denser; a layer of subcutaneous fat is formed.
  •        The fetus is specially located in the womb.
  •        The number of amniotic fluid increases.

All these processes help to make the screening of the 3rd trimester more informative and valuable, as they allow you to see more than before.

Sometimes a doctor can prescribe some tests before the beginning of the 32nd week. For example, if suspicion of hypoxia or a delay in fetal development of the fetus, dopplerometry (ultrasound examination of blood vessels) is carried out at week 28. With any specific indication, the doctor may insist on the implementation of additional ultrasound, CTG, and other procedures, regardless of the timing of their planned application.

In some cases, tests may be needed immediately before childbirth. Therefore, it is impossible to say precisely what week three screening is done. This is not a universal date, but it depends on the individual needs of each patient.

Indications for screening for the 3rd trimester

Though ultrasound is mandatory in such cases. But due to various factors (for example, the unfavorable ecological situation in the city etc.), experts insist on carrying out an integrated screening for all pregnant women. There are some different conditions under which it is necessary to go through the third screening of the expectant mother.

Detection of defects in prenatal development of the fetus during research in the first-second trimesters;

  •        Mother-borne viral infections;
  •        Forced or accidental reception of drugs dangerous for pregnancy;
  •        The presence of family ties with parents;
  •        Late childbearing age (future mother over 35);
  •        Cases of previous miscarriage, birth of a dead fetus;
  •        Hereditary diseases and abnormalities in the family history;
  •        Bad habits (taking drugs, alcohol);
  •        Intensive mental or physical work, work in lousy production.

Three screening: goals and objectives of the survey

The purpose of Pregnancy Ultrasound at any stage of pregnancy is to monitor its course, to mark and prevent complications in time, to determine how the fetus is developing, and to detect pathologies of its development. Based on the results of the third-trimester studies, the doctor assesses the readiness of the mother's organism for childbirth, suggests whether pregnancy can be resolved naturally or if a surgical procedure is necessary.

What Is Kidney Function Test (KFT) - A Complete Guide

Kidneys are two bean-shaped excretory organs that filter wastes especially urea from the blood and excrete them. All the wastes from the body are discharged from the body as urine. This organ is found on the left and right side of the body in vertebrates. In addition, to helping the body gets rid of wastes; kidney enhances the production of Vitamin D, red blood cells and hormones that regulate blood pressure.

What Is Kidney Function Test

The doctors to find out symptoms of your kidneys not functioning properly do kidney function tests. These are tests of the blood and urine, which assess the kidney conditions. The kidney can also be harmed because of certain conditions like diabetes and high blood pressure. The common symptoms that indicate you should go for Kidney functions tests are:

  •        Blood in the urine
  •        Painful discharge of urine at the time of urination
  •        If high blood pressure is recorded
  •        Swelling of hands and feet caused by an accumulation of fluids in the body.

Your kidney might not be working properly if these symptoms occur simultaneously. Hence kidney function tests can give an exact analysis of your kidneys’ ability to clear the wastes from the body.

Kidney function tests or KFT can a give complete report on your glomerular filtration rate (GFR) to the doctor. This helps your doctor know how quickly the kidneys are clearing wastes from your body.

Types of kidney function tests:

Urinalysis- This test screens for the presence of protein in the urine. Protein can be present in urine for many reasons and all of them may not be related to diseases directly.  Some common reasons are an infection and heavy physical workout that can increase protein levels. To check whether the results are results are similar, a doctor may want to repeat this test after a week.

The test includes microscopic examinations and a dipstick test. Dipstick,a chemically treated strip is dipped in the urine sample. If the strip changes color, it indicates that there is an excess amount of protein, bacteria, and sugar. Doctors can ask for a 24-hour urine collection sample.

Serum Creatinine test- This blood test meant specifically to check the accumulation of creatinine in the body. The kidney normally filters creatinine, a waste product but if it shows higher level of storage, this can be considered to be a kidney problem. The National Kidney Foundation (NKF) concludes that an individual may be having kidney problem if the creatinine level is higher than 1.2 mg/dl among women and 1.4 mg/dl among men.

Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN)- The tests aim at checking the waste product as well as the amount of nitrogen in the blood. BUN tests are not conducted only in the scenarios of serious kidney damage. This test can show a higher level of nitrogen in the blood due to some common medications like antibiotics and aspirin dosage. Therefore, you may be advised to stop the use of these medications. The BUN level is said to be normal if it has been recorded between 7 and 20 mg/Dl.

Estimated GFR- This test analyses the kidney’s ability to filter wastes. Some of the factors that are taken into account determine the kidney’s efficiency to estimate GFR are creatinine levels, your age, gender, height, and weight. Any result lower than 60 milliliters/minute/1.73m2 can be dangerous signs of kidney diseases.

Collecting a 24-hour urine sample does kidney function tests. The purpose of urine collection is to see the levels of creatinine that is discharged by your body in a single day.

Blood samples for the test are collected in a pathology lab by qualified technicians. The technician draws out the blood from the veins and the process does not cause any long-term pain or discomfort.

How the test is performed?

Taking a 24-hour urine sample does kidney urine test. The purpose of this test is to get estimation on how much creatinine is expelled by the patient in a day.

The patient needs to do the following prior and after the test:

  •        Discharge urine in washroom like you normally does after waking up in the morning.
  •        For the next part of the entire day and night, collect your urine in the container provided by your doctor. Please note that you must keep urine sample refrigerated and tightly capped. A label must be pasted on the container to notify family members about what the container contains.
  •        On the next day i.e. on Day 2, you need to collect the morning urine in the container again in order to complete the 24 hours collection process.
The Importance Of Pre-Marital Check-Ups

Marriage is a sanctified union of two individuals who are solemnized to lead a life together in the years to come. With the start of a family and having kids, the relationship gets strengthened in due course of time. Given the responsibilities and challenges that life may pose, it is important to have physical fitness that can be deemed fit as per medical standards. A premarital health check-up is thus the need of the hour for individuals who are soon to become couples. You can easily approach the top diagnostic labs in Delhi to buy pre marital health packages Delhi.

The Importance Of Pre-Marital Check-Ups

 

What is pre marital check ups?

It is an elaborate set of various medical tests that help in the detection of genetic, infectious and transmissible diseases. This test/s is done on men and women alike so it can be assessed whether both individuals are medically compatible and safe from diseases before marriage. Some of the common types of tests that get covered in the pre marital health package in delhi are:

  •        HIV infection.
  •        Urine routine.
  •        Semen analysis.
  •        Blood group & RH typing.
  •        Complete haemogram

Additionally, there can be tests of Hba1c, RBS, HbsAg, and ultrasound pelvis screening. Consultation with a urologist is also included in the same package.

Why is it important to choose pre-marital health packages?

In modern times, diseases have defied the age-old myth that certain health complications arise only in a specific phase of life. Therefore, when it comes to marriage, there are chances that a grave disease might be looming large not just over an individual but three or even four individuals if we assume that the couple-to-be is planning on having two kids.  On a broader note, the importance of pre marital health packages can be gauged by the following facts:

  1. The pre marital health package delhiincludes the tests of sexually infected diseases that could affect the conjugal life of married individuals. Early detection of these diseases can help in their cure whereas in the cases when it is found that the individual is suffering from HIV, it can reduce the possibility of marital life sabotage.
  2.    A Genetic disorder is another grievous health condition that can be successfully ascertained in pre marital health check ups. To say the least, these disorders can be life-threatening for the offspring as well. Blood tests that are conducted under the pre marital health package delhi provide detailed analysis about Thalassemia and Sickle Cell Disease.
  3.    Moreover, the pre marital check up also sheds light on the hereditary health problems that a person might be facing and what are its implications if the soon-to-be couples are willing to have a baby.
  4.       Semen analysis done in these pre marital tests can be extremely beneficial for men as well as women as far as checking the fertility rate is concerned. Many a time, it has been observed that couple suffer or get to know about their fertility issues after a good two or three years of marriage. In order to lessen the despair and emotional trauma, it is necessary that women go for ovulation tests and males get their fertility rate analyzed.

Choosing the right diagnostic lab facility for pre marital health packages especially in Delhi and NCR can be a difficult job for local residents, let alone the people who come from far-flung areas. To address this issue of utmost importance, 3hcare has partnered and roped in some of the best diagnostic labs in Delhi that also have excellent facilities to conduct pre-marital health check-ups at affordable rates.

Why you may need MRI of the knee?

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the knee bone uses a strong magnetic field, radio waves, and a computer to produce pictures of the structures inside the knee joint. It is usually used to help diagnose or evaluate pain, weakness, swelling or bleeding in and around a joint. MRI test lab in Delhi does not use ionizing radiation and can help determine if you need surgery.

Talk to your physician about any health problems, recent surgeries or allergies, and whether there is a possibility that you are pregnant. The magnetic field is not harmful but can cause the malfunction of some medical devices. Most orthopedic implants do not present a risk, but you should always let the technologist know if you have an appliance or metal in your body.

Why you may need MRI of the knee?

The rules about foods and beverages before your examination vary according to the care center. Unless you are instructed otherwise, take your regular medications regularly. Leave the jewelry at home and wear loose and comfortable clothing. You may be requested to put on a gown during the exam. If you have claustrophobia or anxiety, you can ask your doctor to give you a moderate sedative before the test.

Some common uses of the procedure

In combination with conventional X-rays, MRI is, in general, the best option to examine the most important joints of the body, such as the knees.

The test is usually done to diagnose or estimate:

  • Knee pain, weakness, bulging or bleeding in the tissues in and around the joint
  • Damaged cartilage, menisci, ligaments or tendons
  • Knee injuries as a result of sports activities, such as sprains, strains of ligaments and strains of muscles
  • Bone fractures that may not be detected by x-ray or other imaging tests
  • Degenerative disorders of the joints, such as arthritis
  • Accumulation of fluid in the knee joint
  • Infections (such as osteomyelitis )
  • Tumors (primary tumors and metastases ) that involve bones and joints
  • A feeling that your knee is collapsing in the joint
  • Reduced mobility of the knee joint
  • Injuries or pain in the kneecap
  • Complications related to implanted medical devices

Your surgeon may also order an MRI to determine if knee arthroscopy or another surgical method is required and to monitor your progress after knee surgery.

A particular form of MRI called MR arthrography involves the injection of contrast agents into the joint so that the radiologist can obtain better visualization of the relevant structures.

What does MRI of the knee consist of?

MRI Test of the knee provides detailed images of the structures within the knee joint, including bones, cartilage, tendons, ligaments, muscles and blood vessels from many angles.

Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) is a non-invasive medical examination that doctors use to diagnose diseases.

MRI uses a powerful magnetic field, pulsed radiofrequency and a computer to create detailed images of organs, soft tissues, bones, and practically the rest of the internal structures of the body. MRI does not use ionizing radiation (X-rays).

The detailed images obtained with the MRI allow physicians to evaluate various parts of the body and determine the presence of specific diseases. In this way, images can be examined on a computer monitor, transmitted electronically, printed or copied to a CD, or uploaded to a digital server in the cloud.

10 Best Foods To Eat This Summer

There is hardly any individual who could get away from the harsh and high temperature of summer. As we are all aware that this season is also the biggest deterrent to our health. Therefore it is rather important that we prepare our body to combat the heat in the best possible way.


The foundation of having good health is laid on food, which is most suitable for your body and keeps all the common health ailments like dehydration, loss of appetite and fatigue. Since Indian summer can stretch for long period, it is really important to have a diet composed of foods and vegetables that wards off health complication. Check out our list of 10 best foods to eat this summer.


1. Yoghurt/curd- This food item must take over your daily diet as a staple. Not only is yoghurt delicious in taste, it also acts as a coolant for the body and checks the rise in temperature. Stomach trouble, another major health problem which is mainly faced by kids can also be curtailed as yoghurt contains probiotics and other beneficial bacteria that helps in stomach cleansing. You can have curd in the form of buttermilk, chhach, lassi as well.

Yoghurt


2. Watermelon- We all know for a fact that drinking four to six liters of water is indispensable in summer. Besides water, watermelon is also a healthy alternative that can hydrate and cool the body off. You can have watermelon slices or extract juice out of its pulp. However, one must avoid eating already sliced watermelon that are up for sale in many roadside stalls as they can be unhygienic and may cause health problems like diarrhea and food poisoning.

Watermelon
3. Cucumber- You can keep munching cucumber in almost any time of the day in summer, and that is what makes them so rich in healthiness. Cucumber is a rich source of magnesium, calcium, important vitamins like Vitamin A and C. For people struggling to keep their high BP levels in check, cucumber should be consumed on a daily basis.

Cucumber
4. Coconut Water- Perhaps water can never be substituted in the grueling heat of summer season but one can add coconut to maximize the hydration process of the body. Coconut water is replete with essential vitamins, minerals, and nutrients. One may be surprised to know that coconut water is the best and natural source of electrolytes like sodium and magnesium.

Coconut water
5. Mint- Adding mint to your daily diet can be extremely beneficial in the summer season to cool down body temperature. Mint is an easily available, inexpensive aromatic plants that are commonly consumed in India in the form of mint chutney. It can also be mixed with curd for added benefits.

Mint
6. Orange- The regent among all citrus fruits, oranges are very much available until the months of extreme temperature witnessed in Indian summer. Oranges have Vitamin C that can prevent the body from the cold that occurs due to seasonal change. The body tends to lose potassium in the form of sweat and it can put you at risk of having muscle cramps. Therefore, if you eat oranges on a daily basis, the body gets replenished thereby reducing the chances of body cramps.

Orange
7. Tomatoes- Research has proved that tomatoes contribute the body constituents to prevent the health condition that can cause cancer. Tomato is another vegetable that is relatively less expensive than other fruits and vegetables. It contains phytochemicals such as lycopene and Vitamin C.
8. Blueberries- The finest of summer fruit that has the goodness of antioxidant phytonutrients like anthocyanins. These nutrients neutralize free radical damage to the collagen matrix of cells and tissues. Availability of this fruit spreads through the months of June to August.

Tomatoes
9. Lemon/Lime Water- There’s no better way to kick-start your day than having a tall glass of lime water in summer season. The citric acid present in lemon works as an excellent detoxifier that helps you in getting rid of toxins. Moreover, your body is also replenished with healthy enzymes that get quickened by limejuice.

Lemon
10. Green Leafy Vegetables- It wouldn’t be apt to omit the green leafy vegetables either from your menu or our list! Green vegetables too have high water content, a necessity in the summer. Words of caution though, cook your vegetables only as much required to get the maximum benefit of the nutrients.

Green leafy