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What Is A Doppler Ultrasound And What Are Its Advantages?

What is a Doppler ultrasound and what are its advantages?

WHAT IS A DOPPLER ULTRASOUND AND WHAT ARE ITS ADVANTAGES?

The Doppler technique is a color ultrasound, which is used to measure and evaluate the blood flow that circulates through the cavities and valves of the baby's heart. It allows you to know the amount of blood that is pumped with each beat, which is essential to determine the proper functioning of your heart, as well as to analyze the heart valves and the surfaces of the core. This helps to detect early any anomaly that the baby could have to act in the most convenient way when it is born.

What is Doppler ultrasound?

The color Doppler test in pregnancy is also used to view the uterine arteries in cases of women at risk of hypertension during pregnancy or when suspected intrauterine growth retardation.

The umbilical arteries are also controlled to make sure that the blood flow and therefore the nutrients and oxygen are reaching the baby correctly. Currently, hypertension or diabetes in the mother, cardiac malformations, and problems with the umbilical cord and placenta, which can be controlled through Doppler, are the main factors that can endanger the health of the unborn baby.

The Doppler ultrasound is part of the series of prenatal tests that can undergo a pregnant mother, with the particularity that is formulated on specific occasions associated with the need to monitor the flow of blood vessels in the baby.

As with any technique that uses ultrasound, this test allows the study of soft organs, in this case, veins and arteries to determine the existence or not of an excellent series of problems and alterations.

SOME CHARACTERISTICS OF A DOPPLER ULTRASOUND

This variant of traditional ultrasound relies on color and sound to reflect the state of blood flow the baby receives through the umbilical cord. Usually done in the last trimester of pregnancy and the duration of the procedure for its simplicity usually does not exceed 15 minutes or represent any risk or pain for the child, much less for the mother.

The results of the Doppler ultrasound are obtained at the same time it is carried out, but the patient must take them to their GP for the corresponding interpretation and establishment of the steps to follow.

ADVANTAGES OF DOPPLER ULTRASOUND

Thanks to this test, your doctor will be able to detect heart diseases, preeclampsia, and obstructions of the blood vessels, fetal suffering, and malformations and, if necessary, establish how is the circulation to be able to carry out surgery.

In those cases where there is hypertension of the pregnant woman, they usually require this color Doppler test in pregnancy to ensure that the baby remains in excellent condition.

Fibroscan: The Method That Evaluates Liver Fibrosis

The virus resulting in suffering from hepatitis becomes liver fibrosis. This is a condition that occurs when the scar tissue is piled up because the liver is inflamed; this is mostly generated in liver diseases that are chronic.

Liver fibrosis causes collagen fibers to accumulate when the person suffers from the inflammatory process caused by these diseases in the long term. When the fibrosis is evolving it causes some alterations in the structure of the liver, also the formation of edema, esophageal varices, fluid retention and ascites (when the fluid accumulates in the abdominal area), and in turn, generates disorders in the circulation.

Going through all these consequences is aggravating the condition of the person who suffers, which eventually leads to suffering from liver cirrhosis, which ends up causing liver cancer or hepato-carcinoma.

For several years, the procedure used to quantify liver fibrosis was only "liver biopsy." However, today we have other non-invasive options to quantify it, such as fibroscan test or Transitional Elastography, which can determine the degree of liver fibrosis and the state of liver stiffness.

Several studies and investigations have been carried out to assess the feasibility of this method and what limitations it has in subjects with acute hepatitis, in healthy individuals, people who received a liver transplant, and who suffer from chronic diseases.

Fibro scan helps bypass liver biopsy in 90% of patients who have cirrhosis, and 70% of people who have a significant degree of fibrosis when performed together with other non-invasive methods.

This "fibro scan" device is of great importance because it allows a diagnosis to be made of how severe the injury is or whether it is chronic due to fibrosis, and it also helps to determine how effective the treatment administered has been in diminishing it or eradicate it.

How is it done?

It is performed during an outpatient consultation and on an outpatient basis. The person must have spent at least four hours fasting, must also be lying on his back on a stretcher and placing his right arm on the end of the head to ensure that the spaces between his ribs are separated. Then smeared on the area a conductive gel that facilitates the contact and the small device will be passed on the surface, which causes only a minimum vibration.

For this fibroscan test, the patient is told that he must remain silent and calm while this method is being performed; which has a fairly fast and easy projection, so its duration is approximately 5 to 10 minutes.

Fibro scan measurements are made in the right part of the liver. The specialist places the probe on the skin between the patient's ribs and makes these measurements about ten times more in the same place without causing any discomfort.

What does value mean?

The stiffness of the liver is determined with the value resulting from having made the calculations of the median of the ten determinations that were made previously, and the results are measured in units of kilopascal (kPa). The fibroscan test can locate elasticity values of 2.5 and 75 kPa, while healthy patients have a value of 5.5 kPa.

For people suffering from liver disease, the degree of fibrosis (F) diagnosed is based on the four phases in which the test has been subdivided. When it is F0 = not fibrosis and F4 = means maximum cirrhosis or fibrosis.

Fibroscan Test Price/Centers in Delhi NCR (Upto 50% Off)

 

Fibroscan Test Centers in Delhi NCR

 

Fibroscan Cost in Delhi NCR

   

BR Diagnostics W-15, Greater Kailash Part I Delhi 110048INR 2800Book Your Test
Saral Advanced Diagnostics Pvt. Ltd. E-1073, Saraswati Vihar, Pitampura Delhi - 110034INR 1500Book Your Test
Saral Diagnostic Center House No. 2, Shakti Vihar, Pitampura Delhi - 110034INR 1500Book Your Test
Mahajan Imaging E19, Defence Colony, Main Ring Road, New Delhi-110024INR 3800Book Your Test
Gurgaon City Centre - Jawahar Nagar, New Railway Road, Gurgaon, 122001 (Haryana).INR 2240Book Your Test
Gurgaon Sector 44 Centre - Plot No.8, Inst. Area, Sector 44, Gurgaon, 122002 ( Haryana )INR 2240Book Your Test
Clinical Diagnostic Centre 69 Hargovind Enclavde Karkardooma Delhi, 110092INR 2800Book Your Test

Fibroscan Test

 

 

 

 

 

What is Liver Function Test (LFT) – A Complete Guide

Liver function tests are blood tests that represent a non-invasive way to detect the presence of liver disease (e.g., hepatitis in the case of blood donations), to establish its severity and progression and to evaluate its response to treatment. The term liver function test is somewhat misleading because most of these tests detect inflammation or damage to the liver and not the metabolic functions of the liver or biliary secretion. Such inflammation or damage may be present before the actual functioning of the liver is compromised.

What is Liver Function Test (LFT)

LFT are used to diagnose and monitor diseases or damage to the liver. They measure the levels of certain enzymes and proteins in the blood. Some of these tests measure how the liver is performing its normal functions to produce protein and eliminate bilirubin, a waste product of the blood. Other liver function tests measure the enzymes released by the liver cells in response to damage or disease.

Liver function tests can be used for the following:

  • Detecting liver infections, such as hepatitis
  • Monitor the progression of a disease, such as viral or alcoholic hepatitis, and determine whether or not the treatment is effective
  • Measure the severity of a disease, mainly scarring of the liver (cirrhosis)
  • Monitor the possible side effects of medications

Thanks to these laboratory tests, it is possible to:

  • Detecting liver dysfunction
  • Evaluate the severity of liver damage
  • Monitor the course of liver disease and the subject's response to treatment
  • Improve the diagnosis

Liver function tests are conducted on blood samples and measure the values of enzymes and other substances produced by the liver. These substances include:

  • Alanine transaminase (Alanine transaminase, ALT)
  • Albumin
  • Alkaline phosphatase
  • Alpha-fetoprotein
  • Aspartate transaminase (Aspartate transaminase, AST)
  • Bilirubin
  • Gamma glutamyltranspeptidase
  • Lactate dehydrogenase
  • Mitochondrial antibodies
  • 5'-nucleotidase

The values of some of these substances measure how efficient the performance of standard hepatic functions of protein production and bile secretion is. The amounts of other elements detect the presence and level of hepatic inflammation. Though, sometimes values can be much higher than normal, usually because the subject is affected by other disorders.

One of the liver function tests is the prothrombin time (PT), used to calculate the international normalized ratio (INR). Both the PT and the INR are measures of the time required by the blood to coagulate (the liver synthesizes some proteins necessary for blood clotting, which are called the factors of blood coagulation). An abnormal test result of PT or INR may indicate the presence of acute liver disease. In chronic hepatopathies, an increasing PT or INR value usually indicates a progression to liver failure.

There is a wide range of diagnostic labs in Delhi NCR region that conduct Liver Function tests (LFT) at affordable prices under most advanced diagnosis techniques. You can use 3hcare services to find the best diagnostic labs near me.

What Is An ESR Blood test?

Inflammation changes the proteins in the red blood cells by making them bend to one another in tufts, making them denser with red blood cells. An ESR test only detects the rate at which blood cells settle at the bottom of a tube. The faster the fall of the blood cells, the inflammation is more in your body.

What Is An ESR Blood test?

Principal uses of the ESR test

Polymyalgia rheumatica refers to an inflammatory disease that causes stiffness and pain usually at the shoulders, neck, upper arms, hips and thighs; Giant cell arteritis (GCA) refers to the inflammation of the inner lining of the arteries and causes headaches, jaw pain, and blurred vision.

Increase of the ESR

Increased ESR has many causes, including pregnancy, menstruation, infections or anemia. Many diseases such as thyroid, kidney disease, tuberculosis, syphilis, and lupus also cause ESR rates to be above average. Also, some medications like oral contraceptives, vitamin A, dextran, and methyldopa (Aldomet) can cause ESR readings to be higher than average.

High ESR

In addition to polymyalgia rheumatica, giant cell arteritis, and rheumatoid arthritis, other common causes of a very high ESR are necrotizing vasculitis (inflammation of the walls of blood vessels) and primary macroglobulinemia (cancer of B lymphocytes, a type of white blood cells).

Low ESR

Although a low ESR is not a cause for concern.  It is worth noting that renal and liver diseases, heart failure or another form of protein abnormalities, as well as sickle cell anemia, can cause a rapid increase in the Red Blood cells and White blood cells causing the lower ESR level.

Drugs like aspirin, cortisone and quinine can also result in a lower ESR.

Discuss the VES test results with a doctor

Because there are so many conditions that can affect an ESR test, it is essential to discuss the results with a qualified doctor who is aware of all the medical conditions and medications that you are taking. The VES blood test is considered a screening test and cannot be used to diagnose any disease. It is, however, useful in screening for certain inflammatory conditions, and in monitoring their progress.

The sedimentation of red blood cells corresponds to the rate at which they fall in a tube left vertical. The blood deposited in the tube was made incoagulable.

This rate depends on the number of red blood cells, their volume, the level of fibrinogen (a blood protein that plays a role in coagulation), certain proteins, plasma viscosity and temperature.

Why prescribe this analysis?

Sedimentation rate can detect and monitor inflammatory and infectious processes.

How is the sedimentation rate measured?

The sedimentation rate is obtained by a blood sample taken on an anticoagulant (sodium citrate). It is measured at two times: one hour and two hours after sampling.

What is Head Injury And Its Diagnosis

A head injury happens as a result of trauma to the scalp, skull or brain. Head injuries are classified as closed, in which there is no cut or laceration of the skin, or penetrating, in which the surface and bone of the skull are broken. Traumatic brain injuries range from mild (called mild traumatic brain injuries) to severe.

WHAT IS HEAD INJURY AND ITS DIAGNOSIS

A specialized department in a hospital or a diagnostic center can perform a physical and neurological examination along with a head CT scan, a head MRI, or a head x-ray to assess the nature and severity of your injury and determine the appropriate treatment. While patients with minor head injuries can be observed and treated with medication, more serious traumatic brain injuries may require urgent attention to remove blood clots or to release pressure in the brain.

How head injuries are evaluated

The therapy of head injuries depends on the type of injury and the condition of the patient. To assess the seriousness of head trauma, a doctor could perform a physical and neurological examination and imaging experiments such as:

  • CT scan of the head: Computed tomography scan combines special X-ray equipment with advanced computers to produce multiple representations or pictures of the head and brain. Doctors use the head CT scan to detect bleeding, swelling, brain injury, and skull fractures.
  • Head MRI: Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) uses a powerful magnetic field, radiofrequency pulses, and a computer to produce detailed photographs of organs, soft tissues, bones, and virtually all other structures inside the body. In certain patients, the doctor uses brain MRI, including special MRI scanning techniques called diffusion imaging, diffusion tensor, and NMR spectroscopy, to help diagnose brain lesions that do not have apparent abnormalities on an MRI scan.
  • X-rays of the head: They involve exposing a part of the body to a small dose of ionizing radiation to display pictures of the inside of the body. Doctors occasionally use X-rays of the head to detect and evaluate fractures of the skull. However, this type of examination is currently performed rarely, as it cannot assess the brain, and CT scanning can show most fractures of the skull more clearly than X-rays of the head.

However, it is clear to physicians that it is more important to determine if there is an underlying brain injury to assess the patient's appropriate treatment. For this purpose, the CT scan, and if NMR is necessary, are the preferred techniques for taking the images.

How is head injury treated?

Consider seeking urgent medical attention with any form of head injury, since the consequences of unrecognized or improperly treated head injuries can be potentially dangerous.

Patients with minor head injuries will be recognized and will receive treatment for symptoms, including pain medications to treat a headache and drugs to control nausea and vomiting. If you have signs of a dull concussion, you should avoid excessive activity. Your doctor will advise you when to return to your regular daily routine and sports activities.

More severe and traumatic brain injuries will require individualized and often emergency care, such as surgery to remove blood clots and relieve pressure in the brain.

What Are The Types Of Obstetric Ultrasound?

The Pregnancy Ultrasound has become one of the best allies of doctors when it comes to analyzing and monitoring a pregnancy. However, according to different factors, it will be necessary to perform one or the other type of ultrasound.

What are the types of obstetric ultrasound?

Ultrasound allows us to "see" the baby before birth, a technological advance that did not exist a few decades ago and that is an essential achievement in prenatal care. There are several types of ultrasound, in 2D, 3D, 4D and HD, which we will discuss.

Thanks to ultrasound, whatever the type, future dads can see the image of their baby even before birth, and doctors can check that everything is fine in the fetus: the state of the placenta, the amniotic fluid, the neck and the uterine wall, etc. The images of the baby on ultrasound are undoubtedly exciting for the parents, who try to "decipher" what those photos show us and look for the first ones.

And although the images shown by the ultrasound can be visible and moving, we still do not know the skin tone, hair and sometimes the ultrasound can be wrong when determining the sex of the baby. Something has to be left to the ultimate surprise.

How many types of obstetric ultrasound are there?

There are two classifications of ultrasound within obstetrics:

  • Transvaginal ultrasound
  • Transabdominal ultrasound

Transabdominal ultrasound

This study is the best-known type of ultrasound. It consists in laying the patient down and applying a gel to the skin of her abdomen and pelvis, which will help transmit the sound waves. When the probe is passed through the area, images are obtained that are reflected on a monitor. Usually, the baby can be shown, the position in which it is, its movements and, in the occasion, its sex.

Transvaginal Ultrasound

The second type of Pregnancy Ultrasound consists of placing the probe inside the vagina of the patient, obtaining more accurate images of pregnancy.

This method is usually used to identify an intrauterine or ectopic pregnancy, and abnormalities that may be in the uterus or placenta, which are not perceived correctly with conventional ultrasound.

Likewise, this type of ultrasound is beneficial during the second trimester of pregnancy, since it allows the detection of congenital anomalies in the fetus.

When is transabdominal ultrasound used?

The traditional ultrasound can be done from the first 4 or 5 weeks of gestation, although there are those who prefer to wait a little longer to see the most formed fetus. It is suggested that if you request or discuss more with your doctor about the ultrasound, you will be able to know more about the health of your baby.

However, transabdominal ultrasound is usually done during the first trimester for the following reasons:

  • Confirm a pregnancy
  • Determine the age of the fetus.
  • Evaluate the development of the heart.
  • Discard problems with fertility, placenta or uterus.
  • Detect fetal malformations.

When is transvaginal ultrasound used?

This type of obstetric ultrasound is not usually part of the routine of prenatal studies, although it can be used in the early stages when there is suspicion of problems in the cervix or ovaries or an ectopic pregnancy. Likewise, it is a useful study for overweight women, who cannot obtain high-quality images with a traditional ultrasound.

What Is Mammography Test? - A Complete Guide

Mammography test is a process that examines female breasts by using low energy x-rays. The purpose of this particular test is to complete the screening to detect breast cancer at an early stage. It is also known as mastography. The test develops an x-ray image of the breast and is most useful to detect any lump in the breast, which is largely seen as an ominous sign for breast cancer. Since early detection of breast cancer is believed to be a positive sign towards comprehensive healing but in recent times mammography test is also being advised to women who are in their 20’s.

Mammography test can also be called mammogram, a test wherein the breast is exposed to a small amount of iozing radiation that captures the images of the area that requires medical attention. Like many tests that use x-ray for imaging, mammography test is also non-invasive in nature.

Huge advancement both in the field of medicine, science and technology has led to an evolution of the mammography test that was once limited to conventional technology. Mammography tests have leaped forward to three-dimensional imaging (3D) that helps in optimization of results on accuracy grounds to a large extent.

What Is Mammography Test

Three latest types of mammography tests are:

  1. Digital mammography- In this type of mammography, the x-ray films have been replaced by electronics. Also known as full-field digital mammography, the method uses all the imaging technology, which is used in digital cameras. The immediate advantage that digital mammography provides is less emission of radiation to capture images which cuts down any possible after effects. In terms of storage, the digital system enables the radiologist to keep track of patient’s records perpetually.
  2. Computer-aided detection (CAD) - This test lets the radiologist to give the required attention to any abnormal calcification, development of lumps or mass. CAD system highlights the affected area, which allows the radiologist to detect any abnormal condition and subsequent assessment of the same.
  3. Breast tomosynthesis - A breakthrough technology in the field of mammography tests, breast tomosynthesis captures image of the breasts from different angles, which is then synthesized and compressed into one 3D image set. Despite using higher dose of radiation, tomosyntheis is still within the FDA- approved levels of safety and hence come as one of the more preferred forms of mammogram.


When should you get a mammogram?

Perhaps this is the most frequently asked question amongst women regardless of age and their individual necessity to go for this test. Hence this question’s reply needs to be split into two relevant answers. First, mammogram is intended to detect and identify even the faintest possibilities of breast cancer in its preliminary stage.  Going by the thumb rule, a woman may opt for mammogram once she reaches the threshold of 40-45 years. This test should be done annually i.e. once in a year.

Second, age does not qualify as criteria for any woman to approach their radiologist for screening if there is even the slightest of changes in appearance of their breasts. Therefore, it is highly suggested that women must notice or at least feel any lump or hardening of flesh or breast tissues.


Mammography procedure

Typically mammography is done in the following procedure:

  • The patient is asked to remove clothing and ornaments that may affect the result adversely afterwards.
  • The patient’s clothes are removed and replaced by a gown, which is provided by the healthcare facility.
  • If you notify the technologist about any lumps and other physical change that you have noticed, they shall mark the specific area with an adhesive marker.
  • A flat plate is brought down on top of the breast, which is placed over the x-ray. This process causes compression in the breast, which reduces the radiation level and enables a clear visualization of the breast tissue. Due to this compression, some amount of discomfort may be experienced.
  • At this point in time, the patient is asked to hold breath so the image is taken properly.
  • Picture of breasts shall be taken from two different angles and hence the breasts need to be repositioned each time.
  • After the images have been taken, the patient would be asked to wait till the radiologist is certain that the images are clear enough for examination.

Things to follow before mammography

The procedure of mammography is not as complicated as believed by many. The entire objective of this test is to check for the tissues that have developed and to detect any sort of calcification in breast. Therefore, you must go for the screening after mensturation as female breasts tend to become tender post mensturation.

Pregnancy is another issue, which women must discuss with their doctors so they can have the screening process done at the right time.

Lastly, do not use deodorant or any other fragrance at the time of appearing for mammography.


Is mammography painful?

By and large, mammography is done in the best possible way to ensure it is a pain free process and does not require the patient to appear for the test over and over again. Since the flat plate creates compression on the breast, which rests upon the x-ray plate, an inevitable pain is experienced. However the discomfort or even pain for that matter is anything but impermanent. It causes zero pain or discomfort that shall persist in the longer period of time.


Are mammograms necessary after age 80?

This question crops up every now and again for just one reason; uncertainty. Mammogram is the best way to detect cancer any day. Therefore it is to be understood that there is no upper age restriction for going for screening provided you have age expectancy of 10+ years or more. Besides, being at the twilight of one’s life does not shield the possibility of having breast cancer. Women aged 80 and above should not dismiss mammograms as one of the less important test to go for as negligence has resulted in more fatalities.

To conclude, it has been observed that breast cancer is slow growing and can be easily treated if detected in time.

Looking for Mammography Test Price in Delhi NCR ? Book your test online in trusted labs in Delhi, Noida, Gurgaon or anywhere in NCR at 3Hcare portal.

Dexa Scan (Bone Density Test ) : A Concise Explanation Of The Test (With Cost)

WHAT IS DEXA SCAN TEST?

Dexa scan stands for dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry scan which is principally conducted to check bone density, which is why it is sometimes also referred to as bone density test. Moreover Dexa scan test also reveals whether the person in question is suffering from osteoporosis or not.

Releasing two x-ray beams in terms of density from two different x-ray chambers that surface on an individual’s bone to give a vivid image of any fracture or loss of bone density does this particular scan. Dexa scan is relatively more accurate and forgiving than nuclear bone scans. The reason being that nuclear bone scan can hinder the process of bone recuperation from any kind of fracture, tumor or infections.

Dexa scan is also hassle free for the patients since it does not demand any specific limitations, a routine to follow or any lengthy preparations.

WHAT IS DEXA SCAN TEST

Types of DEXA scan

DEXA scan can be categorized into two different types, each having their own set of separate machines. These are:

  • Central DEXA- This scan test is done to determine whether you are at risk of having brittle hipbones. During this scan, the patient is made to lie down on the soft table so the x-ray passes evenly on the body.
  • Peripheral DEXA - This type of DEXA scan is easily accessible in almost all diagnostic centers now days.  Due to the fact that the machines are small and portable. Peripheral DEXA scan is meant for measuring bone density of ankles, wrists and fingers.

Procedure of Dexa Scan test

Contrary to other scan tests like MRI and CT scan, Dexa Scan does not confine the person in any kind of enclosed ring of high magnetic fields. It is rather done on an x-ray table that allows the person to undergo the test without creating any claustrophobic circumstance, which is a concern for, quite a few.

Another benefit of the Dexa scan is the fact that it can be done by staying fully clothed. However there is definitely some directive to be followed if the person is wearing clothes that use hooks and zips as fasteners. Female patients may be provided gown.

The Dexa scan follows the following procedure:

  • A radiographer proceeds with the entire set of equipment.
  • Making the person lie on the x-ray table commences the scan.
  • A scanning arm is initiated which releases the x-ray beams in two different intensity levels.
  • The scanning arm is positioned over the center of the skeleton. During this process of the Dexa scan, the equipment releases low-density x-ray over the body.

As osteoporosis is typically affects the hipbones and the spine, the scanning is positioned in such a way so the diagnosis can be done in the right area.

Dexa scan may also be conducted for conditions like hyperparathyroidism wherein the scanning arm runs through the forearm.

The display screen beneath the table records the amount of radiation that has been absorbed by the body.

The procedure ends after approximately 10-15 minutes.

To ensure safety and accurate results, it is always advised that the patient be lying flat by avoiding any physical nudges or movement. Also, pregnant women must notify their doctors if they are to take this test. Rest assured, this test is absolutely pain free and requires no before or after preparations.

Can Dexa scan detect cancer?

As mentioned before, Dexa scan is a test meant particularly for the bones to check for osteoporosis and even hyperthyroidism wherein the forearm of the person is scanned. But the benefits of the scan are not restricted to these aforementioned health concerns alone. Dexa scan may be advised for detecting cancer as well. After a thorough examination of bone density and its possible complications, baseline DEXA scan may also be the next step for detecting cancer. The purpose of the entire process of the scan is to see whether the cancerous cells have gone through the bones or not.

Nevertheless, the primary purpose of DEXA scan is to check the bone density. By and large, cancer stems from certain ill habits that people adopt over time; excessive smoking and drinking are two such poor lifestyle habits that trigger cancer among people.

Verticals of DEXA scan results

Once the DEXA scan is complete, the test result becomes imperative to comprehend in the right way. DEXA scan results too have certain verticals, break-even levels which suggest if the person is on the safer side or has some more diagnosis to go through. These verticals are:

  • T-score – This is basically the difference of bone density, which is calculated with the levels of an average person in good health, and the one who has undergone this particular test. The score also indicates the imminent risk of any damage that might be caused due to low density.

World Health Organization has recognized the T-score, which is calculated in standard deviation, or SD. While -1 SD is considered to be normal, a T-score of -2.5 has been identified as osteoporosis.

  • Z-score- This score is calculated for bone density in accordance with the patient’s age, gender and the race he has ancestry of. It must be noted that the age of the patient and person whose numbers are being used as benchmark are the same.


How much does it cost for a DEXA scan? 


DEXA scan is widely regarded as “gold standard” in the medical fraternity for the reason that the test is conducted by emitting minimal radiation thereby reducing both time and error in results. Compared to QCT test, DEXA scan has reasonable costs that have made things easier finance wise as well.

The cost of whole body DEXA scans ranges anywhere between INR 1000 to 3000 (approx., it may vary). The test can be availed at any leading healthcare facility across India and the globe.

What is CBC blood test? - Preparation & Procedure

CBC or complete blood count test is conducted to provide a complete overview of a person’s health in regards to any minor or complicated health concern he/she might be suffering from. This test is based on measuring the key components of blood namely red, white blood cells, platelets. CBC is perhaps the most basic structuring of all the blood tests that follow.

What is CBC blood test

More importantly, CBC is most effective as a blood test ascertaining the following health conditions:

  • Detect/ check whether the person is suffering from leukemia or anemia.
  • Better investigate symptoms like prolonged weakness, fatigue, fever etc.
  • CBC can also come in handy as a test to monitor how the body is responding post chemotherapy and whether or not the blood is bearing           the effect of the test.

CBC is a detailed analysis to check the white blood cells counts that get decreased after chemotherapy, as per the normal blood cell counts. Platelets are another vital component of the blood, which get ascertained, in this particular test. As we are all aware that platelets help in preventing excessive bleeding and hence the importance of CBC is underlined.

Preparation for the test

The very mention of any kind of tests can cause a state of panic among people. However, CBC must not be perceived that way, since it is one of the most easily done and fairly quick test which is conducted in any reputed path labs.

Preparation for the CBC test does not require a very hard line to follow. It is advisable that one wears short-sleeved clothes while turning up for the test. In case you are wearing full-sleeved cloth, make sure that it can be easily rolled up.

Next question, a rather obvious one that comes in a patient’s mind is about the dietary requirements i.e. what should be eaten and what the diet should be composed of. Much to the relief, a patient can have normal food and can have normal intake of fluids as well.

That said, there are certain guidelines that your doctor may ask you to follow. One such common guideline is that of having to fast for a certain period of time prior to the test. This is mainly during a CBC test that is done when the blood is used for additional tests. There is no need to be worried about, as the doctor would provide you specific instructions as to how to go about it.

What is done in a CBC test? The complete procedure explained.

A well-trained lab technician or a nurse follows all the pre-defined standard procedures for the tests as mentioned below:

  • The skin is cleaned using antiseptic wipes.
  • What follows is the traditional procedure of drawing the blood out known as venipuncture. In this process, an elastic band is tied on the upper arm to cause swelling of the vein with blood.
  • Once the lab technician is assured that the vein is swollen with blood, the needle is injected to collect the blood in vial.  If there are multiple tests to be conducted then the blood sample is stored in separate vials.
  • In order to prevent bleeding, a bandage is applied on the area where the needle is injected.
  • The collected is labeled and is sent to the lab to undergo the examinations.

Though not reported very widely, some patients get spooked to see the blood. Due to needle puncture, there can be a prick or slight bruising, which gets normalized after a few days.

Reports for CBC test are available within same day or may vary some time due to some specific test results from the time of the test.

Although CBC is a complete test in itself, its results must not be construed to be an indicator of health for any precise ailment or condition that has persisted over the years. Cancer and heart diseases are such problems that require more than just the CBC tests. In the event of critical cases, it is therefore advised that the patient schedules appointment with their doctors for chalking out proper diagnosis.

What if CBC is prescribed for infants?

CBC may be prescribed for infants in case the doctor is to assess the child’s metabolism and growth. In this scenario, parents raise concern about the test. To put things in perspective for a clear and informed picture, CBC is done in the most specialized way among infants given the sensitive nature of their skin. As a matter of fact, a special kind of needle called lancet is used collect the blood. Unlike CBC among adults, the foot of the infant is pricked instead of arms to get blood for testing.

Looking for CBC blood test price in Delhi NCR? Book your test online in trusted labs in Delhi, Noida, Gurgaon or anywhere in NCR at 3Hcare portal.
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