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Blog posts of '2018' 'October'

Pre-employment Health Packages Benefits Both Employer and Employees

It is important for every organization to hire a workforce which is not only competent but healthy as well. There are many verticals and criteria which makes the basis for a recruitment of an employee but when it comes to checking the health parameters, the pre employment health packages Delhi is the most appropriate method to make sure that the recruit is not susceptible to frequent sickness. This also ensures that the workforce will be more productive; fewer workdays off that hamper production and creation of a better and healthy environment at your workplace. If you’re running a business or a company, take a look at the comprehensive guide to help you with everything about Pre-Employment Medical Assessments/ Tests.

What is a pre-employment test?

The preliminary medical examination or check-up before you hire an employee for your business is popularly known as the pre-employment test/assessment. These assessments are conducted by a team of professional expert medical practitioners and are administered by organizations that help businesses with their pre-employment test process.

What is looked into in a pre-employment process?

Most of the pre employment health packages Delhi are pretty comprehensive in nature meaning there are medical examinations which identify pre-existing injuries or underlying medical conditions, and determine an employee’s ability to perform the tasks he/she has been hired for. Being aware of pre-existing conditions and/or risk factors may help lower your workers’ compensation and general disability claims.

What are the different types of Pre-employment Tests?

The pre-employment tests are conducted to ensure that each of the information pertaining to the medical condition of your potential employee is thoroughly verified and examined. With Industrial Health Consultants this robust process of medical examination is conducted by experts and so we have several levels and types of pre-employment tests:

Clinical/physical examination which includes blood pressure, body mass index, cardiac, respiratory, abdominal, nervous system and musculoskeletal systems

·        Lung function test

·        Audiometric (hearing tests)

·        Ophthalmological –Eye tests

·        Toxicology/ drug screening

 

Questionnaire- This is a list of questions which covers a range of topics that give an insight of the employee's relevant medical and personal history, as well as a past work history. If needed, some further details might also be added.  

After filling out the questionnaire the process moves toward some examinations like Blood pressure check, weight check on a scale, analysis body mass index or BMI, and physical examination of the various vital organs and how well they perform in both normal as well as grueling conditions. These tests would cover cardiac, respiratory, abdominal, nervous system and musculoskeletal systems.

Lung Function Test

·        Clinical chest examination

·        Auscultation with a stethoscope

·        Spirometry test

Audiometric (Hearing Tests)

·        History taking

·        Clinical ear examination

·        Audiometric testing with audiometer for hearing levels

Ophthalmological –Eye tests

·        Visual acuity

·        Test for color blindness/driving strain

·        Toxicology/ drug screening

Why is it important for your company to conduct thorough pre-employment tests?

There are several benefits of conducting a thorough pre-employment test and especially the pre employment health packages Delhi as they ensure that your business gets all these benefits of a Pre- Employment test.  So let’s take a look how a pre-employment test and what benefits they give:

·        Having a cognizance of any pre-existing medical condition of an employee helps the businesses to reduce the risk factors and it also helps them in lowering the workers’ compensation and general disability claims.

·        Medical tests help ensure the long-term health of employees, particularly those who may be exposed to potentially harmful substances or hazardous working conditions.

·        These health packages can be considered to be an effective safeguard against the financial compensation that a company might be incurred with. Moreover, this sort of package is a comprehensive approach toward encouraging a company culture which gives due attention to the employee's health, wellness and productivity.

·        If a company is conducting a pre-employment medical testing that matches those demands, it can easily determine whether employees can safely perform a job, reducing insurance claims, lost time and related medical costs.

·        The health check is also a brilliant way to be in sync with the latest with current laws and regulations.

The Pre-Employment Medical Assessments are not only important but also a must for any business which is hiring employees for their business. The most important factor to consider is that you Pre-Employment medical tests are conducted by professionals who ensure the accuracy of the test and also offer a complete range of all types of Medical Assessments under the relevant Medical examination laws. 

No Worries! Ultrasound Test does not Trigger Autism

Ultrasounds during pregnancy can be very exciting as you get to peek at the baby-to-be. But many people have cast aspersions over the technology that uses sound waves; the reason being that there are people who believe in the theory that the sound waves affect a growing fetus. It even had many researchers wondering if the rising rates of autism diagnoses could have anything to do with the increasing number of ultrasound scans that women receive during pregnancy.

But now, a latest research has put this malicious theory aside saying that the children with autism were exposed to fewer ultrasounds during pregnancy, scientists found.

Moreover, the reasons for autism are diverse and they may not be related to the Ultrasound test in labs. Autism is known to have a tendency to flow in families, and scientists have found some of the particular genetic hot spots that may contribute. There are some more factors that contribute to autism such as older parents and maternal obesity. The scientists further believe that a combination of all the aforementioned factors can contribute to autism as well.

So the question arises; could prenatal ultrasounds, which have become more routine and more powerful, be one of those factors?  Now it is true that the scans do use sound waves that penetrate mothers’ bodies, and then collect the waves that bounce back, forming a picture of fetal tissues. As the process is undergone, the waves are probably capable of heating up the tissue they travel through. This is precisely the reason why there have been concerns of autism. But there is no established study that proves that ultrasound might be a contributor.

Nevertheless there are many studies and researches being done which is checking all the aspects of ultrasound depth to ascertain whether there are any bearings that affect fetuses. As a result there is an emphasis to conduct the study right from the start instead of rely on the previous medical records alone. And there is also a need to add certain traits that may influence autism, such as smoking.

For now the people must be greatly assured that ultrasound causes no autism spectrum disorder. This is anything but a matter of great relief who had been fretting over the ultrasound test as being potentially harmful. Rather ultrasound, by the virtue of advanced technology has been instrumental in giving detailed image of the fetus. As a matter of fact, there is no evidence that ultrasound is a primary contributor to poor developmental outcomes when delivered within medical guidelines. While there’s more science to sort out here, the news is reassuring for women who might be worried about getting scanned. Women should follow their doctors’ guidance on ultrasounds.

Ultrasound tests ensure that the possibility of any complications is detected right at the started so the same can be diagnosed well within time. These tests are available in the reputed ultrasound lab across Delhi and NCR. To book your tests, you can even get in touch with the medical test planning centers that give you a detailed list of such labs in quick time. 

Why You might Need an Ultrasound for Heart?

An average person would always relate the ultrasound Test the examination wherein the hard tissues of the body are to be detected. Some of them may also be of the opinion that the ultrasound test is done to check the fetus health inside mother's womb. An ultrasound of heart is relatively less known test and yet one cannot downplay its importance in detecting the heart ailments. An ultrasound clinic is the place to go to for the test. Let us take a look as to what are the conditions of the heart that can be detected by a heart ultrasound.

One of the most common problems has been the heart murmurs. Similarly, to diagnose and determine the valve condition, ultrasound test is very much required. Other minor and major conditions wherein you have to go for ultrasound are:

·        Detection of the presence of abnormalities in heart's structure.

·        Size and thickness measurement of the heart and its chamber.

·        Ultrasound for heart is also done to examine the motion of the chamber walls and the extent of damage which has been caused to the heart muscle post heart attack.

·        Assessment with regard to how different parts of the heart are functioning in patients with chronic heart disease

·        Look for Congestive Heart Problems. Also the presence of tumor in the heart can be identified in the same test.

·        Assess for and monitor congenital defects

·        Evaluation of blood flow through the heart is also done in the ultrasound lab.

·        In the pre-heart transplant cases, the ultrasound test check for the major blood vessels have been damaged by traumatic injury

·        Cardiomyopathy, a problem in the heart muscle can also be determined.

·        The heart might suffer from the problem of abnormal heart rhythms known as arrythmias

·        Assess EF –ejection fraction levels (heart flow)

Moreover, the ultrasound lab can also rule out these abnormalities.

Popularity of heart ultrasound

There are several reasons that contribute to the popularity heart ultrasound (also known as cardiac ultrasound). Other than being a test which does not involve a sedative for echo, ultrasound for heart is:

·         It does not involve the injection of a dye in a regular echo. It can be used to enhance an echo (contrast echo), but it is hardly a necessity for all echocardiograms.

·        Unlike MRI scan, the patient is not put into a closed chamber table at the time of the procedure. Echo is conducted whilst the patient lies on a comfortable table.

·        The ultrasound lab always has the availability of Echo scanning equipment that uses the advanced technology. This technology may not be available in every healthcare setting.

·        This is the most accepted procedure of diagnosis of heart health, a variety of heart diseases and ailments. Age is not a factor when it comes to the use of echo in any stage of life.

·        There is zero involvement of radiation exposure in the echo.

Given the fact that over millions of people in the world succumbs to heart failure and other similar ailments, the cardiac ultrasound must be conducted whenever needed. 

How can You Cope with Scan Anxiety?

Scans can often bring feelings of uneasiness and nervousness, as patients cope with physical constraints during the scan and emotional uncertainty for their results. But scans are an important part of keeping you healthy during survivorship.  Anxiety before having a scan is completely normal. It is important to prepare yourself so you can proactively control your emotions and fears so they do not overwhelm you.  One way to reduce your stress and anxiety before a scan is to make sure you surround yourself with people who have been with you on your journey. You can also reach out to your healthcare expert for reassurance about the process. Below are 7 helpful tips to help you stay calm and confident leading up to, during and after your scans.

Distract yourself by staying occupied
By keeping yourself busy, you can stop worrying about the scan results. Many a time people think negatively which makes the process a bit seemingly overwhelming. It is better to take a hike for a short trip, make a new recipe, and watch your favorite TV show, read a book, listen to music, try a new hobby or call a friend to take your mind off your nerves.

Share your story
Once you are on course or have gotten done with the scan, you can share your story among the closed ones and even make them aware about the ct scan cost in gurgaon and give back to the community of support that helped them through their ailments. It can help take your mind off of your own anxiety by talking to other people who are in a similar situation.

Meditate
Relaxing is not only good for your overall health, but it can also help with anxiety. Accepting that you cannot control your results can help reduce your scan anxiety. Whether you choose praying, yoga, sitting quietly or listening to calming music, your path to meditation would guide you in finding what helps you relax and do it.

Exercise
Maintaining a healthy lifestyle through stressful times is good for your body and mind. Exercising helps combat fatigue both physically and emotionally, by releasing endorphins to make you feel more at ease.

Treat yourself
Sometimes the best way to take your mind off of your worries is to treat yourself. Eat your favorite food, watch your favorite movie, get a manicure and pedicure, go shopping, take a nap, or do another activity that you enjoy. Putting your needs, and even wants, first every so often can help take your mind off of anxiety.

Know when and how you will receive your results
Knowing this information will make you better prepare your nerves for the results that are due. Have a proper plan prior to your day of result as that can make the waiting period way less jittery than normal. It is better to feel anxious for 10 minutes than for 10 days.

Acknowledge your anxiety
There is nothing to be awkward about as far as having the scan at the ct scan centre in noida. The best way to get over is by talking to your family, friends and healthcare provider about your nerves. Treat them as your support system in this lean phase.

What is a Liver Test and What are Its Parameters?

A liver test consists of dosing a number of enzymes or substances transformed or manufactured in whole or in part by the liver, in order to assess the proper functioning of the liver or liver metabolism.

Why to go for a LFT Test?

The liver assessment allows, on the one hand, research a possible abnormal liver function, on the other hand, to clarify the nature of the abnormality highlighted to understand the origin of the attack better. Among different types of liver dysfunction, we distinguish different syndromes, the main ones of which are hepatic insufficiency (or hepatocellular insufficiency), cytolysis, cholestasis (with or without jaundice) and inflammation. When the diagnosis is established, the repetition dosages can then monitor the evolution of the anomaly.

Liver function tests (LFT Test) include the following parameters:

Bilirubin: Bilirubin is a pigment derived from the metabolism of the HEM group whose elevation in the plasma determines a striking clinical sign such as jaundice.

Alkaline Phosphatase: The function of this enzyme is unknown. It is present in various cell lines such as the hepatocyte, the biliary epithelium, the osteocyte, the enterocyte and the cells of the placental trophoblast. Therefore, its elevation in plasma can occur in various hepatobiliary, bone, intestinal pathologies and also in the last third of pregnancy.

Albumin: Albumin corresponds to 65% of the serum proteins and has a half-life of 3 weeks. The concentration in the plasma depends on the ability of synthesis and plasma volume. Therefore, variations of both determine changes in serum levels. In general, albumin is a useful marker of the severity of chronic liver disease although its levels can be affected by changes in renal function, urinary or intestinal losses.

Aspartate aminotransferase (AST): This enzyme is present in the parenchymal cells of the heart, muscle, and liver. Its subcellular location corresponds to the cytoplasm and the mitochondria. The elevation of serum activity of AST is usually accompanied by other alterations of liver laboratory tests and reflects hepatocellular necrosis.

Alanine aminotransferase (ALT): This enzyme is a cytosolic enzyme found mostly in hepatocytes, which gives it a higher specificity than AST. Its meaning is the same as the latter meaning it rises markedly in acute cellular necrosis phenomena and to a lesser degree when there is a chronic destructive process of the hepatocytes.

Total Proteins: The analysis of Total Protein in urine and brain spinal fluid is of great value in the diagnosis of kidney and central nervous system diseases. Elevations in urinary protein are very common in the following conditions: vigorous exercise, fever and hypothermia, nephrosis and diabetic nephropathy and urinary tract infections. The analysis of the total protein in the brain spinal fluid helps in the diagnosis of conditions such as meningitis, CNS tumors, and cerebral hemorrhage.

Globulin: Globulins are a group of water-soluble proteins found in all animals and plants. Among the most critical globulins are seroglobulins (blood), lactoglobulins (milk), ovoglobulins (egg), legumin, fibrinogen, antibodies (gamma-globulins) and numerous proteins of the seeds.

What Imaging Tests to Use to Detect Brain Aneurysms?

To go into deepness on this subject, it is essential that we know what a cerebral aneurysm is and, from there we will discover what the symptoms and causes are and finally understand how to detect it and what clinical tests to be performedby MRI test labs in Delhi, we begin!

A cerebral aneurysm is a cerebrovascular disease in which an abnormal widening occurs in the wall of a brain artery.

What is a cerebral aneurysm?  

A cerebral aneurysm is a cerebrovascular disease in which an abnormal widening occurs in the wall of an artery of the brain, which swells with the passage of time. This is due to a weakening of the wall of this, which makes the pressure of the blood to tighten it, even more, increasing the risk of the vessel ruptures and a part of the brain is filled with blood.

Symptoms of a cerebral aneurysm:

Signs may exist before the rupture of the blood vessel and signs after rupture. In the first case, the symptoms that can occur are a headache, dizziness, alterations in perception, loss of vision and balance. And the signs of a ruptured aneurysm are a stiff neck, pain in the face, double vision, sensitivity to light, seizure or change in speech or mental acuity, among others.

What causes brain aneurysms?

First of all, it is good to know that brain aneurysms can occur due to genetics or acquired diseases, as well as the consequence of unhealthy lifestyle habits such as alcohol consumption, tobacco abuse, excessive intake of foods with high levels of fats and sugars, drug use like cocaine or also due to the use of certain contraceptives and anticoagulants.

Imaging tests for the detection of a cerebral aneurysm:

The aneurysms can be diagnosed through several imaging tests, such as Computed Tomography (CT), brain magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) and computed tomography angiography of the head (CTA), which we explain below:

Computed tomography (CT)

This type of imaging test is usually the first user to determine if there is bleeding in the brain. If you want to deepen and better observe the blood flow, an angiography by computerized tomography will be performed, explained below.

Computed Tomography Angiography (CTA)

In this test, the patient is inserted with a dye that allows the professional to observe better the flow of blood in the brain and X-rays show a 3D image of the blood vessels and surrounding brain tissue, which could indicate more safely the presence of an aneurysm in the brain.

Magnetic Resonance Angiography (MRA)

MRA, which does not emit X-rays, is used to evaluate blood flow through the network of blood vessels in the brain. During this test, a dye can be injected to show the blood vessels more clearly.

For the radiologist:

If you are a radiologist or radiology professional and want to improve your working mechanics, request our demo of the PACS system that we offer, which will allow you to archive the imaging tests of your patients and consult them from any place and device.

What are the Specialized Diagnostic Images for?

The diagnostic imaging tests that apply X - rays have been with nuclear medicine, the largest source of general population exposure to natural radiation in non- Western countries in recent decades. The introduction of new diagnostic techniques such as computed tomography (CT) has rapidly increased the number of doses of ionizing radiation received, with significant consequences not only for the individual patient but also for the total population. The burden of disease caused by excess radiation can be considered as a relevant public health problem that could be prevented.

Efforts have been made both from the FDA to reduce this exposure. Among them, they are:

-          Promotion of the use of safe medical tests, through the establishment of requirements for companies that develop image tests

-          Introduction in MRI Scan Centres in Noida of quality practices and accreditation systems, and recommendations for the establishment of reference doses for each type of test;

-          Quantification of exposure of the general population to radiation derived from medical tests;

-          Creation of a record of the history of the dose of radiation received from each patient, which could help in decision-making;

However, many of the strategies designed do not include the participation of the patient, when they should assume more responsibility in the decision to submit or not to an imaging test taking into account the potential risks as well as the benefits. If the objective is to establish useful recommendations aimed at reducing exposure to radiation, it is necessary to involve all the actors involved, not only the health professionals and companies that develop the technology, but also the patient who will undergo this test.

The inclusion of the patient in decision making is carried out through informed consent. However, its format and the procedure in which it is applied may have limitations in the implication of the patient's co-responsibility. It is essential to know how the population reacts to this radiological risk information, and on the other hand, to see the opinion of the doctor about the best way to inform the patient and what kind of information should be provided.

That is, knowing the attitudes of physicians and patients before the communication of risk/radiological benefit can be an essential factor for the incorporation of procedures in clinical practice that include co-responsibility doctor-patient and lead to the rational use of imaging tests.

Computed tomographies and magnetic resonances are available to physicians to be able to diagnose inappropriate way pathologies that affect the internal organs and tissues of their patients' bodies. The diagnosis of diseases is increasingly specialized and accurate in the world. Thanks to the technological advance in the medical field, achieved in the last decades, it is possible to evaluate in detail each organ and tissue of the body and, through specialized diagnostic images, and detect any anomaly that may occur in them.

The decision of which examination should be performed on each patient depends on various factors that are evaluated by both the attending CT scan centre and the radiologist. These specialists take into consideration, among other things, the type of tissue of the organs they want to analyze, the level of detail required, the characteristics and clinical history of the patient, their age and the general state of health.

Hence the importance of having, not only with high-quality equipment but with doctors highly specialized in radiology who can determine the needs of each patient and make the best possible use of the available machines. A good part of the success of the method of diagnostic images for the detection of diseases is in the interpretation by the experts of the results that the teams produce.

The Differences between Making a Conventional CT Scan and One of the Latest Generation

The new computed tomography devices are not only less harmful to patients, but also facilitate and speed up the diagnosis process notably.

The doctor advised me that he has to perform a CT scan and that he will do it with a new generation computerized tomography equipment. What advantages do you have compared to the conventional CT?

The main advantage is that images is lower dose of radiation to the patient and lowest cost CT scan in Delhi. Also, its higher resolution power makes it possible to identify lesions with greater clarity and, being more quickly, the problems caused by the involuntary movement of the patient are reduced.

This new technology also allows heart studies to be made in the time that a heartbeat lasts, as well as screening for lung cancer using low radiation dose protocols. Finally, in the cases of patients who may have implanted metallic materials, it contains contracts that reduce the distortion of the image produced by these implants.

Does it involve any risk to undergo this test?

Only the inherent risk derived from radiation, although it is lower than in conventional CT since it has a precise dose control system that ensures the minimum radiation needed in each scan and for each patient (calculated about their physical characteristics). Also, it is a highly safe test in pediatric patients.

Do I require to do any prior preparation? Is the test always performed with contrast?

Most studies do not require any preparation on the part of the patient. Specific scans need fasting or certain restrictions in the diet. Some cardio logical examinations must be preceded by medication to control the heart rhythm, always under medical supervision. Neither is it still necessary to administer contrast, although in many cases its administration provides more information for diagnosis.

The conventional CT scan may take several minutes, depending on the body region and the size of the patient. CT is the technique of choice to acquire two-dimensional complete axial images of the body without the disadvantages of bone or air overlay of conventional radiographs.

One of the advantages of the helical technique by CT scan centres is the possibility of detecting lesions smaller than the conventional thickness of a cut.

Both in the CT with the single crown detector and in the multi-detector CT, the data is acquired continuously while advancing the table through the Gantry. The X-ray tube describes an approximately helical path around the patient. If the progress of the table is coordinated with the time required for a 360º rotation, the data acquisition will be complete without interruption.

In conventional CT the x-ray tube receives the energy for a rotation, which usually lasts 1sg and the intervals of 6 - 10 sg, this allows the tube to cool between one sweep and the next. In the helical CT, the x-ray tube is subjected to a crucial thermal state, since it receives energy for about 30 sg without interruption. Therefore, the helical CT tube is characterized by its high thermal capacity, its high cooling rates, and its large size. All these technical conditions increase the noise of the system.

Migraine and MRI : Do They have Any Relation?

Did you know that 12% of the population suffers from a migraine? That's right, and of this percentage 80% are women, and 2% suffer it chronically (considered that way, when they feel pain for a minimum of 15 days a month).

A migraine: what is it and what are its causes?

A migraine also called hemicranias, or migraine is a disease whose main symptom is a severe headache and may be followed by nausea or vomiting, sensitivity to light or sounds. Also as stated by the World Health Organization (WHO), migraine is considered one of the 20 most disabling diseases, because, during pain crises, patients feel so affected that they feel unable to perform any common task, whether of work, social or family nature.

As for the causes, it is true that migraine can be hereditary. However, it can occur for any of the following reasons:

  •         Changes in hormone levels during the menstrual cycle of women or with the use of contraceptive pills
  •         Changes in sleep patterns
  •         Consumption of alcohol
  •         Exercise or other physical stress
  •         Loud noises or bright lights
  •         Odors and strong perfumes
  •         Smoking or being in contact with smoke
  •         Stress and anxiety

Brain MRI and migraine:

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and headache have more relationship than we can think, and that with the realization of this imaging test you can find evidence of changes in the brain in people suffering from a migraine.

Through this study, it was intended to check if there are anatomical changes in the brains of patients with a migraine, and for this purpose, magnetic resonance images of high spatial resolution of the mind of healthy and sick people were made.

The results of the study showed that there is damage to the gray matter of patients with a migraine. Also, these alterations are directly related to the years of evolution of the disease that is the more years of evolution of the disease in the patient, the higher the damage to the brain.

The MRI scan center in New Delhi continue to investigate in this area, not only to deepen on this subject but to know what the most effective treatment to combat this pathology is. If you want to be up-to-date with the studies or pathology investigations carried out through the different imaging tests, browse our blog and check out the content we offer you, go ahead!

A migraine - a neurological disease in which pain is most often localized in one half of the head, usually in the frontotemporal region. The patient, for no apparent reason, experiences long, painful paroxysmal headaches. As a rule, they are not associated with head injuries, stroke or a brain tumor- the appearance of a migraine is most often associated with changes in the work of the vessels, which are best visualized during MR-angiography.

If the attending physician wants to exclude or confirm the presence of a brain tumor, as a possible cause of a headache, the patient may be assigned an MRI Test with contrast enhancement. In the presence of neoplasm, MR imaging allows to identify, localize, and evaluate the structure, size, and relationship of the tumor with the surrounding tissues and midline structures of the brain. One of the advantages of the MRI method is the absence of harmful ionizing radiation, which makes the study entirely safe for the patient's health.