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Blog posts of '2018' 'January'

What Is Pancreas CT Scan? – A Complete Info

What is Pancreas CT Scan?


A CT scan is a type of diagnostic imaging test. In this test, x-rays and computer technology are used to produce images of the body, called slices. A CT scan can generate detailed images of any part of the body, such as bones, muscles, fat, organs, and blood vessels. The images obtained are more detailed than those offered by standard radiographs.


In a computerized tomography, an X-ray beam moves in circles throughout your body. It allows having multiple views of the same part of the body. The X-ray data is sent to a computer that interprets the X-ray data and presents it on a monitor.


For the performance of some tests, you receive a contrast medium. It may be given by mouth or through a vein. This makes the parts of your body studied stand out better in the image.


A CT scan cost in Delhi NCR of the pancreas may provide more detailed information about the pancreas than ordinary x-rays of the abdomen. CT scans can provide more information to health care providers about injuries or diseases of the pancreas.


Why might I need a CT scan of the pancreas?


A CT scan of the pancreas can be used to examine the pancreas for:


• Tumors or other injuries
• Injuries
• Bleeding
• Infections
• Abscesses (pus accumulation)
• Unexplained abdominal pain
• Locks
• Other conditions


A CT scan can be done when other type of tests, such as an x-ray or a physical exam, does not offer enough information.
A computed tomography of the pancreas can be used to determine the difference between pancreas problems and retroperitoneal conditions. This is the back of the abdomen. CT scans are also useful for diagnosing pancreatic cancer and pancreatitis. Your healthcare provider may have other reasons to recommend a CT scan cost in Delhi NCR of the pancreas.


What are the risks of a computerized pancreas tomography?


You may want to ask your healthcare provider about the amount of radiation that is used while the CT scan and the uncertainties related to your particular situation.


If you are pregnant or think you might be pregnant, tell your healthcare provider. Exposure to radiation during pregnancy can cause congenital disabilities.


If contrast material is used, there is a risk of an allergic reaction to the material. Inform your healthcare provider if you have an allergy or sensitive to medications, contrast dyes or iodine.


Describe your healthcare provider if you have kidney failure or other kidney problems. In some cases, the contrast dye can cause kidney failure, and people who have kidney disease likely have kidney damage after being exposed to a contrast material.


Notify your healthcare provider before you use IV contrast material if you take metformin or Glucophage (diabetes medicine). It may be necessary to stop taking these medications 24 hours before and for 48 hours after the CT scan. A blood test is required ere you can start retaking metformin.


There may be other risks depending on your condition. Don't forget to talk to your healthcare provider about any concerns you have the method.


Certain things can make a CT scan of the pancreas less accurate. For example:


• Metallic objects inside the abdomen, such as surgical clips
• Barium in the intestines due to a recent study with the use of this substance


To get the best CT scan prices in and around your area, log on to www.3hcare.in

Magnetic Resonance Imaging In Children

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) in children uses a powerful magnetic field, radio waves, and a computer to produce detailed pictures of the inside of your child's body. They can be used to help diagnose or monitor the treatment of a variety of conditions in the brain, chest, abdomen, pelvis, and extremities.


Talk to your doctor about your child's health problems, recent surgeries, and allergies. The magnetic field is not harmful but need to consult with doctor if the child has some other medical complication/allergies etc.. Most orthopedic implants do not present a risk, but you should always let the technologist know if your child has implanted electronic or medical devices.


Ask your doctor and the technologist before the test if you know that your child has an allergy to the contrast material. Your child should wear loose and comfortable clothing, and you may be asked to put on a robe. You may be asked not to let your child eat or drink before the test, especially if sedation or anesthesia is going to be used. In general, children who have been sick recently will not be sedated or anesthetized.


What is NMR in children (pediatric)?


Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) is a non-invasive medical examination that doctors use to diagnose diseases.
MRI uses a powerful magnetic field, pulsed radiofrequency and a computer to create detailed images of organs, soft tissues, bones, and practically the rest of the internal structures of the body. MRI does not use ionizing radiation (X-rays).


The detailed images obtained with the MRI allow physicians to evaluate various parts of the body and determine the presence of certain diseases. In this way, images can be examined on a computer monitor, transmitted electronically, printed or copied to a CD, or uploaded to a digital server in the cloud.


What will my child experience during and after the procedure?


Generally, during the procedure, your child will be left alone in the exam room. However, the technologist will be capable of seeing, hear and talk with your child at any time through a two-way interphone. Many MRI centers allow one parent to stay in the room, as long as it has been reviewed for issues related to safety in the magnetized environment.


During the test, earplugs and headphones of the appropriate size will be given to the children. The NMR scanners are air-conditioned and well-lit. You could pass music through headphones to help your child spend time.


It is normal for the area of your child's body being evaluated to feel slightly warm, but if this feeling bothers your child, you can notify the radiologist or technologist through the bi-directional interphone. It is important that your child stays perfectly still while the images are being obtained (a process that usually takes only a few seconds to a few minutes).


Your child will notice when the images are being recorded because he will hear and feel loud popping sounds when the coils that generate the radiofrequency pulses are activated. Your child can relax between sequences of image taking, but you will be asked to hold your position without moving as much as you can.


Log on to www.3hcare.in and get the best MRI scan prices in Delhi-NCR or near by your location. 

Headache: When Do You Need Radiological Study?

A headache is a widespread medical condition. The most frequent problems are of the type known as "tension" and migraine. A migraine is a headache that can be frequent and intense and be related to other symptoms such as nausea, photophobia (discomfort light). These migraine and tension pains are known as primary pains.

Usually, these pains are diagnosed clinically and do not require radiological imaging studies. Radiological studies are used when pain increases in intensity or frequency or is associated with other neurological symptoms. Studies are done to identify other causes of headaches that are known as secondary.

Secondary headaches are caused by a structural problem of the brain or its environment. Brain tumors, intracranial hemorrhages, vascular malformations, and brain inflammations (including meningitis and encephalitis) cause secondary headaches that usually require imaging studies to diagnose them and handle the problem correctly.

Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are the most useful modalities in this evaluation, and both are important. In some cases, the tomography helps us make a quick diagnosis, especially in the emergency room. Both studies can be complemented by the injection of a dye into the vein to identify some lesions. Both studies can do vascular studies to see arteries.

Computed tomography (CT Scan Cost Delhi) is excellent for evaluating brain hemorrhages. There are different types of bleeding that can manifest with a headache. Trauma to the head can cause bleeding around the brain (subdural, epidural) and brain wounds that require a quick and accurate diagnosis, usually with CT to treat the patient. There is a type of brain bleeding that is not associated with trauma, which is known as subarachnoid hemorrhage, which is related to the rupture of cerebral aneurysms and is easily detected with CT.

Aneurysms are abnormal expansions of the arteries that can burst to cause sudden, severe pain. It is so strong that patients describe it as "the worst pain in their life" and go to the emergency room for help. Older people can also have brain bleeding with or without the trauma that can cause headaches with disorientation, dementia and motor problems (movement). These bleeds, such as subdural hemorrhage and hemorrhagic infarcts, are typical of this group of patients. Sinusitis can present with a headache, and it is widespread for a CT study to be done to determine its extension and plan the treatment.

Magnetic resonance imaging is another essential tool for diagnosing neurological conditions and useful when evaluating patients with headaches.

This is a more complicated and expensive study, which is less accessible than the CT. Magnetic resonance is used to evaluate most causes of secondary pain. In particular, it is the most detailed study to assess brain tumors. Both benign (meningiomas) and malignant tumors (gliomas) are usually well demonstrated in this study. Most times a headache study is ordered to rule out a tumor. For the patient, ruling out a tumor is a reason for high relief. Brain inflammations, such as meningitis or encephalitis, may require a study to diagnose them or identify complications associated with them.

Headaches are very common and annoying. Usually, they are a clinical diagnosis made by the doctor and do not require imaging studies. The most common pains are primary and are known as tension pains and migraine pains. Secondary pain may require radiological studies for diagnosis and treatment.

When Should I Go For An MRI Test?

Nuclear magnetic resonance allows obtaining detailed images of the interior of the body from any perspective, providing information on pathologies that cannot be seen with a CT scan or ultrasound.


MRI is usually done on a particular part of the body in which a disease is suspected. The most frequent reasons for which an MRI can be requested are the following:


In the head, you can see tumors, abscesses, aneurysms, bleeding, or nerve injuries. It can also be used to study pathologies in the eyes and the ear or brain degenerative diseases.


A lot is being used in the thorax to study the cardiac anatomy or the pathology of the coronary arteries. It is also applied in the study of breast cancer or the case of lung tumors.


In the abdomen and pelvis, organs such as the pancreas, kidneys or liver, uterus, and ovaries in women, or the prostate in men can be studied in detail. There you can find tumors, infections, malformations, etc.


The blood vessels look very good with MRI. It allows seeing thrombi, infarcts, aneurysms, malformations or bleeding.


MRI scan discount can diagnose numerous problems in bones and joints such as arthritis, fractures, and problems in ligaments, tendons or cartilage. Also, as in the other organs, tumors or infections can be seen. It is widely used to study spinal problems such as disc hernias because it allows seeing in great detail the intervertebral discs, the spinal cord and the nerves that leave the spinal cord. It is also frequently used in knee problems, to study its various ligaments or meniscus. And in problems such as osteonecrosis or bone infarction.


In many occasions, to perform this technique, it is necessary to administer a liquid called contrast that highlights the organs studied and facilitated the interpretation of the images. The most commonly used contrast is called gadolinium and, unlike the contrast used to make a CT scan, it is not composed of iodine, so it is unlikely to cause side effects or allergy. This contrast medium is administered intravenously.


The nuclear magnetic resonance (MRI test cost in Gurgaon) is a diagnostic test where images inside the body are obtained. It is based on the movement of radio streams that pass through the patient, which is subjected to a powerful magnetic field. Unlike CT or simple radiographs, it does not use ionizing radiation (X-rays).


Nuclear magnetic resonance allows obtaining very detailed images of the body, in two and three dimensions, and from any perspective. It can provide information about pathologies that are not seen with other imaging techniques such as ultrasound or CT. It is also used when other imaging tests are contraindicated, such as in case of iodine contrast allergy used in the CAT scan.


For its realization, the patient must get into a machine, which the patients describe as a large washing machine, and must remain still inside for 30-60 minutes. There are open MRI machines that can be practiced in people with claustrophobia. These tools are not available in many centers and the images obtained have lower quality than those obtained with standard closed devices.

PET Scan Test in The Modern Oncology

In current medicine there is a growing need to identify (diagnose) the presence of a disease as soon as possible, even before the onset of symptoms or when these are minor. This serves to initiate or complete the diagnostic process and proceed with the initiation of treatment.

The next step in the therapeutic management of a process is to determine the level of the response reached with the treatment (s) and assess the patient's evolutive situation throughout the course of their illness, including the possibility of a subsequent relapse in case of responses positive The use of diagnostic imaging techniques that are based on morphological data, despite its high precision, often presents a limited diagnostic capacity, very specifically when the assessment of the response refers to oncological treatments.

These techniques define the response to treatment as a reduction in tumor size, without considering other elements of the malignant process, generally of earlier onset, such as functional changes or modifications at the cellular and / or molecular level, which may even be independent of the morphological changes.

In this line we have at present the positron emission tomography (PET), an imaging technique able to obtain non-invasive information about the cellular metabolism. There are also other molecular imaging techniques such as magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopy, but with a diagnostic performance lower than PET.

The most widely used radiotracer in PET is 18F-fluoro-deoxyglucose (FDG), which shows the activity of intracellular glucose metabolism, highly useful information for the diagnostic identification of malignant processes and which can, at the same time, contribute to the forecast individually.

In Oncology, this ability to determine the metabolic activity of tissue glucose in vivo allows PET to identify malignant tumor lesions as hypermetabolic zones in areas with an increased concentration of the radiotracer.

There are numerous studies on the use of pet CT scan in Delhi with 18F-FDG that have shown that this technique has a diagnostic accuracy clearly superior to other conventional imaging techniques and the information obtained by PET leads to a change in the diagnostic-therapeutic attitude of patients in more than 30% of cases.

Recently, new equipment has been developed in which the PET technique is associated with the morphological image of the CT scan, called PET-CT that includes hybrid systems consisting of a PET camera with a multislice CT scan. This system is capable of acquiring images of the whole body more quickly, with a more accurate correction of attenuation and with a fusion of images of optimal quality.

In addition they allow to determine the anatomical location of the tumors in a more precise way, what au the accuracy of the technique. Since the first prototype of PET-CT was developed in 1998 and the first equipment for clinical use was launched, PET-CT has become the fastest growing image technique in the world, according to recent data provided by the industry, with nearly 1000 equipment installed in 2006.

PET is a technique widely implemented in clinical oncology for the diagnosis and staging of neoplastic diseases, but it is also very useful in the assessment of the response to treatment.

Liver Function Test - Profile test for your body

The liver helps your body in digesting food, storing energy and eliminating toxins. Liver function tests are blood tests that check how your liver is working. They look for liver damage and can help diagnose diseases such as hepatitis and cirrhosis. You may have liver function tests as part of a regular check-up or if you have symptoms of liver disease. Doctors also use them to control some liver diseases, treatments and possible side effects of medications.

What is measured by the liver profile test?

The serum markers that are sought with the liver profile can vary from one laboratory to another, although in general, they include the measurement of a series of enzymes and proteins that are key in the hepatic metabolism.

Liver function tests (LFT Test) measure certain proteins, enzymes, and substances, including:

  •        Albumin: A protein produced by the liver
  •        The total protein
  •        Enzymes found in the liver: Including alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase.
  •        Bilirubin: A yellow substance that is part of the bile. It is formed when the red blood cells break down. Excess bilirubin in the blood can cause jaundice. There is also a urine test for bilirubin
  •        The prothrombin time: Measures the time it takes to clot the blood.

The LFT Test cost in Delhi or hepatogram is a blood test designed specifically to assess whether the liver is functioning correctly or not, for the diagnosis of liver diseases. To know if it has been affected by other pathologies originated in other parts of the body or to control the function Hepatic in patients who follow treatments with drugs that are hepatotoxic.

It must be make sure that the liver is one of the most important organs because of the function it develops in human metabolisms, such as the synthesis of plasma proteins; storage of iron, vitamins, and glycogen; the synthesis of proteins such as albumin; the production of lipoproteins and triglycerides; the synthesis of cholesterol; the production of bile; detoxifying function, etc.

To undergo a study of the liver profile does not make an individual preparation, although the results will be more accurate if fasting is maintained during the 10-12 hours before blood collection. Doctors usually request the completion of a liver profile when the patient's clinical history gives the suspicion that there is a liver disease.

In general, the confirmation of the diagnosis comes from the values of bilirubin, alkaline phosphatase, GGT, AST, and ALT, because, either alone or in combination can signal specific abnormalities and cell damage (cholestasis). If the values are normal, the existence of a pathology is ruled out.

On the other hand, in the case of liver disease, the hepatogram also offers useful information to establish a prognosis. Prolombine time, bilirubin and albumin are the most significant markers.

What Is a 3D Ultrasound? What Are The Advantages of 3D Ultrasound?

What is a 3D ultrasound?

It is an evolution of traditional ultrasound consisting of the configuration of a three-dimensional image from the fusion of two-dimensional images obtained during the exploration of the operator of the ultrasound. If you want to know the 3d ultrasound cost in delhi-ncr, log on to www.3hcare.in and get the best price near by your location. 3D ultrasound in case of pregnant woman, allows the doctor to see the baby in three-dimensional pattern on high-resolution screens.

 

What is the procedure of an ultrasound?

Ultrasound is a straightforward procedure, which has no side effects for the mother or the baby. The patient lies on a stretcher, a gel is applied to the area to be studied, and the doctor moves the transducer on the skin, which emits ultrasound signals, which the technology then translates and composes into images.

In 3D fetal exploration, sound waves are sent from different angles. The returns are processed by a sophisticated computer program resulting in an image with a three-dimensional volume of the surface of the fetus or internal organs. 3D ultrasound allows us to observe width, length, and depth of images such as 3D films and 4D with movement in real time.

What are the advantages of 3D ultrasound?

Some mothers find 2D standard ultrasounds disappointing when all they see is a gray, fuzzy outline. This is because the scan sees through the baby, so the photos show the internal organs of the baby. 2D ultrasounds are as safe as 3D because the image is made up of two-dimensional sections converted into a photograph. There is no evidence that ultrasound scans are not reliable and most future moms get a lot of joy from them.

The advantages that 3d ultrasound cost in Delhi present on traditional ultrasound lie in a much sharper image of the organ to be scanned, being able to rotate it in a way that the doctor can find any anomaly that gives indications of some problem with greater certainty, something fundamental especially in incipient stages of many diseases.

It allows you to see the volume and depending on the intensity applied; you can select the tissue you want to look at so that you can do a reconstruction in 3 dimensions of the external morphology of the baby or bones. The color is applied by the technicians who perform the ultrasound since the sound has no color.

It is natural as a parent to wish to see the baby's face, although sometimes it is not possible due to the position in which the fetus is located.

These different types of ultrasound do not compete with each other, they are not better than others, but they complement each other, and none of them affects the baby or the mother.

We must remember that these ultrasounds should be done in specialized centers. To get the list of all 3D ultrasound centers in and around your location, log on to www.3hcare.in

The ideal time to perform 3D and 4D ultrasound is suggested by the doctor on the basis of case to case. The results of ultrasound will depend on the amount of amniotic fluid, the size of the baby, and the location of the placenta, the maternal subcutaneous cellular tissue and the fetal position.