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A Complete Guide On Ultrasound: Procedure, Preparation And Purpose

Ultrasound is a term that we come across everyday and we’ve seen people around us getting this test done. But what ultrasound really is? For those who are still living under the rock, ultrasound is a type of medical test that brings to use high frequency sound waves in order to capture live images of the inside of your body. Also popularly referred as Sonography, today ultrasound is one of the most widely used imaging techniques by doctors all over the world to identify problems inside the human body. What differentiates ultrasound from all the other imaging techniques is that it does not use any kind of radiation. Here in this blog we will look deeply into the purpose, procedure and preparation of ultrasound scan.

Purpose of Ultrasound

Most of the people associate the term ultrasound with pregnancy but the medical test has many purposes beyond it. Yes, ultrasound is most commonly used in scanning the stomach of a mother to be. The medical test provides the mother with the first view of her unborn child. Apart from pregnancy, ultrasound has also a wide variety of other purposes such as detecting problems in kidney, liver, eyes, bladder, brain and other vital body parts. Also the medical technique is very helpful in guiding the surgeon’s movement in complex medical procedures such as biopsies.

How to Prepare yourself for an Ultrasound Test

There is no predefined preparation for the ultrasound test but it all depends upon the body part or organ that has to be tested. In cases when the abdomen of the patient is to be examined the doctor will tell you to fast before eight hours. In other cases such as liver, gall bladder or pancreas the doctor may tell you to keep away from fat free food. For distinct cases there are different types of do’s and don’ts that doctors often advise patients. Before an ultrasound test you should inform the doctor about any medications or drugs that you have been prescribed. Be open to your doctor and follow his instructions carefully in order to avoid any kind of inconvenience later on. Although there are no side effects of an ultrasound tests but you need to adhere to the precautions briefed by your doctor.

How the Ultrasound is Actually Conducted

The ultrasound test is basically done lying down with the part meant to be tested left exposed. An ultrasound professional is called a sonographer and has deep knowledge about the imaging technique. When you visit an ultrasound clinic the sonographer applies some special kind of lubricant jelly to your body skin. The main motive behind it is to create friction so that the ultrasound transducer can be rubbed easily on the skin and moreover it also helps in transmitting the sound waves. The transducer then sends high frequency sounds, the waves then echo and reflect back once they hit any dense object such as a bone or any organ. This forms an image on the computer that can be interpreted by a doctor. The process usually doesn't take much time to complete but the time may vary depending on the complexity and on which part of the body is being examined.

Purpose, Process and Preparation For Abdominal CT Scan

The full form of CT Scan is Computed Tomography scan. You can call it a specialized x-ray that can produce and show you the cross-sectional images of any particular part of your body. When it is done for the abdomen area, then it is known as abdominal CT Scan.

Some Vital Points to Be Noted

Some critical points you must know regarding CT Scan Abdomen before you go through this test.

•    When a doctor suspects that there can be some abnormalities in the abdomen area of an individual, then he can advise for abdominal CT Scan.

•    If you have any dye allergies, then you must inform your doctor about the same before you go for this test.

•    In general, an abdominal CT scan takes 30 to 45 minutes to be done, and it takes 24 hours to prepare the report.

What Is The Purpose Of Having CT Scan

When your doctor suspects that something is wrong inside your abdomen and need a closer and clearer view of that area, then he can ask for a CT Scan. There are some symptoms due to which a doctor can advise you for this medical examination.

1.    Pain in the abdominal area

2.    To check the size and the location of the stones present in kidneys

3.    To check palpable mass in the abdominal area

4.    Unexplained weight loss

5.    To detect appendicitis

6.    To detect other abdominal infections

7.    Injuries inside the abdominal

8.    Blood clots

9.    Recent cancer diagnosis

10.    To check any obstruction in the intestinal area

Once the doctor gets the report of your CT scan, then he can check the same, and understand the cause of having any of these issues that are mentioned above. Sometimes, the doctor may suggest having the CT scan in between a treatment process to check the progress of that treatment on your body or the abdomen.

Process Of CT Scan

There is a certain machine used in CT scan. The device circles your body and sends its images to a computer which is adjoined with that device. Then those images will be viewed by a technician. Each of these images is viewed as a cross-section image so that it can provide the medical professionals with alternate views of your body.

Through an abdominal CT scan, the doctors are able to see the vessels, organs, and bones of your body in the cavity of the abdomen.

How To Get Prepared For This Test?

In general, the doctors ask the patients to fast for 2 to 4 hours before the test beings. They may also ask you to stop particular medication before this test. Since you will be needed to lie down on the best to go through this test; hence, you should wear something comfortable and loose. You should not wear any jewelry or other items when going through a CT scan.

To know the CT scan price, log on to www.3hcare.in and get details of diagnostic centers offering this service around your locality.

What Is Pregnancy Ultrasound? Why You Need To Do So?

During pregnancy, a lot of medical examinations are done to determine the health of the fetus and the mother. When you get pregnant, the doctor may ask you to have various blood tests and urine tests to understand the condition of your body, hormone, and other elements. The health of your baby depends on you, and hence it is important to go for a regular checkup and tests to ensure that everything is under control. Pregnancy Ultrasound is one such test that every mother should go through before the delivery to determine the good health and proper growth of her baby inside the uterus.

What Is Pregnancy Ultrasound

An ultrasound which is known as sonogram is a process to monitor fetal development and at the same time to screen if there are any abnormalities in the fetus.

Some Vital Points

Nevertheless, there are some vital points that you must know before you go for this test during your pregnancy.

•    If there is no reason or need, then the medical professionals always suggest that you should not go through this test during pregnancy.

•    You have to go to the best clinic for this test during pregnancy so that you can get an accurate report on time. Since it is the question of your unborn body; hence you should not take any chance.

•    To obtain the best result you must consume two or three glass of water just before the test and try to avoid urinating. This can make your abdomen look bigger and clearer than the normal time during the test, and the images come clearer.

Why You Should Have Pregnancy Ultrasound

There can be diverse reasons for having an ultrasound during pregnancy. Generally, there are two ultrasounds done during pregnancy tenure. However, if your doctor feels then he can advise some more ultrasounds. It is mainly done to see how the fetus is doing inside your womb. The doctor needs to monitor the growth of the fetus at a regular interval and determine if there is any medical attention required by the fetus for normal development.

The ultrasound is also done to understand if there are any difficulties or abnormalities in the abdomen or uterus of the mother that can affect the baby.

When This Test Should Be Done

Pregnancy Ultrasound should be done twice or in some special cases thrice to determine the development of the baby inside the mother.

The first ultrasound should be done during the first trimester, which is from week one to week 12. This is to:

•    Confirm pregnancy

•    Check the heartbeat of the fetus

•    Look for any kind of fetal abnormalities

•    Diagnose ectopic pregnancy

•    Check for multiple pregnancy

•    Determine the gestational age of the fetus

•    Calculate the EDD or estimated due date

The second ultrasound is done during the second or the third trimester of pregnancy to

•    Monitor the normal growth of the fetus

•    Confirm the presence of multiple fetuses inside the uterus

•    Determine the congenital abnormalities in the fetus

•    View the placenta to see if there is any issue

There are a lot of other things that can be confirmed, checked and determined because of this test. To get the information about the diagnostic centers around your locality, log on to www.3hcare.in and you can book your ultrasound online with facility to pay online or pay at center.

Why And When You Need To Have MRI Scan?

In today’s world, there are different types of medical examinations done with the help of multiple devices so that doctors can get the best result and offer the accurate treatment to the patients. MRI Scan is one such examination that is done to determine different health conditions of a patient and plan the future treatment process.

What is MRI Scan?

Magnetic resonance imaging or MRI scan is a radiological technique. In this method radio waves, magnetism and a computer are used to create the images of the body structure of the patient. The scanner looks like a large tube which is surrounded by a huge circular magnet.

There is a moveable bed on which you as a patient need to lie down and then that bed will be inserted into that tube which is surrounded by a magnet to get the images.

Why Do You Need MRI Scan?

This is an advanced and sophisticated ways to determine the causes of your certain health issues and helps the doctors to find the right solution for the same.

What Can Be Seen Through MRI Scan?

There are a number of things that can be diagnosed with the help of a successful MRI Scan. The doctor will suggest you to scan a relevant sector to identify the issues in that particular part of your body.

•    Ailments of the brain including dementia and brain tumors

•    Vascular abnormalities

•    Spinal injuries and related ailments

•    Sports injuries

•    Female pelvic problems

•    Prostate issues

•    Some typical gastrointestinal tract issues

•    Certain ENT conditions

•    Bone ad soft tissue conditions

That means a wide range of health issues can be diagnosed with the help of proper MRI scan. However, you need to go to a reputed and experienced pathology center where you can have the best MRI scan done by the experts in this field.

Who Should Not Have This Test?

Certain individuals should not go through this test because of the presence of powerful magnetic force in the scanner. Though your doctor will know better and will not let you have this test, but you should also be informed of the fact that when you cannot have an MRI Scan. You cannot have this test if you have

1.    A cochlear implant

2.    A cardiac pacemaker

3.    Certain clips inside your head due to brain operations

4.    Any kind of metallic foreign body inside your eyes

5.    Had any kind of surgeries within last eight weeks

6.    If you are carrying a baby

In such conditions, you will be considered as not fit for going through an MRI Scan in any circumstances.

Preparing For This Test

There is no need to some special preparation for this test. You need to change your regular clothes and have to wear a gown before you lie down on that bed for the test. Since magnets are used in this test; hence, you have to remove any kind of metal from your body; even your credit and debit cards too.

However, sometimes the patients are given intravenous (IV) contrast liquid injection to get a clearer image of particular body tissues.

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