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Blog posts of '2017' 'January'

Why are prenatal (pregnancy) health checkups and ultrasounds important?

prenatal health checkup

Why are Pre Natal Health Check Ups Important?

Getting yourself regularly checked during your pregnancy is extremely important. This can help you and your baby remain happy. You’ll be able to prevent the problems by being able to spot the problems when the problems occur. This will help you prevent getting diseases during your pregnancy.

During your first visit to the doctor, your full physical examination will be performed by your doctor. Your doctor might examine your breast; do a pelvic examination for checking your uterus. Your cervical exam might also be done. This would include a pap test too. You would have to answer to many questions associated with your health habits, lifestyle and relationships. It’s necessary for you to be honest with your doctor. During prenatal health checkup visits, you’ll be asked to get the following done-

Your weight and Height checked

Your body mass index will be calculated by checking your weight and height. If you would be overweight as compared to your height, you’ll be at a higher risk of problems during your pregnancy.

Your Urine Checked

Sample of your urine will be collected for checking many things like Protein or Albumin. If your Urine is found to be possessing Protein or Albumin, an infection is diagnosed. This infection needs to be treated.

Your Blood Pressure Checked

You might get high blood pressure because of your pregnancy. In such a case you’ll have to refer to your doctor.

Your Blood tests done

Your varied types of blood tests would be done to check your RhD factor, blood group, Iron levels, Gestational Diabetes and various other infections.

Your Pap (Smear) Test done

This helps in finding the warning signs of Cervical Cancer. The national Cervical Screening program has recommended every pregnant woman to get this test done in case if you haven’t got this test done since last two years.

Group B Streptococcus done

GBS Bacteria is present in the body of 30 percent of the people. In the body of a woman this Bacteria is present in the intestine and the vagina. Though in most of the cases it doesn’t cause any harm during pregnancies, in certain cases it may infect the baby. This happens either before or after the labour and the repercussion of the same can be a very serious illness.

If you happen to get infected, you’ll be given the antibiotics so that your baby doesn’t get infected. If you acquire Group B Streptococcal infection of the urinary tract with GBS, you’ll be given antibiotics. From inside the vagina, a swab will be taken to check whether you possess this Bacterial infection or not. This would be done when you would be 36 weeks pregnant.

Why Prenatal Ultra Sound is important?

Inquisitive about the way your baby is developing in the womb? Getting an ultrasound done would reveal the development of your baby through the images created using sound waves. The Pelvic organs of the female during pregnancy get checked with the help of the ultrasound.

For determining, screening and measuring the potential problems with the pregnancy, an ultrasound test is important. Your health care provider would determine the best scanning schedule for you. This test during the first twelve weeks is done to -

  •         Find if the pregnancy is normal or not
  •         Determine your baby’s age
  •         Look for problems that may lead to the miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy
  •         Determine your baby’s heart rate
  •         Find multiple pregnancies
  •         Identify problems associated with your uterus, ovaries, placenta and cervix
  •         Find whether or not you have an increased risk of down syndrome

It may be done in the second and third trimester to -

  •         Find the age, position and growth of your baby
  •         Identify problems revealing the growth of your fetus
  •         Check whether you have twins or triplets
Level 1 & 2 Pregnancy Ultrasound Cost In Delhi NCR

Name of Test

Market Price

3Hcare Lowest Price

Level 1 Ultrasound Test Price in Delhi NCR 

   Rs. 1100.00

  Rs. 600.00

Lower 2 Ultrasound Test Price in Delhi NCR 

   Rs. 1800.00

  Rs. 1200.00

 

What Is Level 1 Ultrasound in Pregnancy?

The first ultrasound of pregnancy is between 6 and 14 weeks and provides the first information on the embryo and its state of well-being. If carried out between 11 and 13 weeks, it can be combined with a blood test to estimate the risk of chromosomal diseases.

It is the first meeting, one of the most exciting, of the future parents with their baby. We talk about the first ultrasound, which is typically performed in the first trimester of pregnancy. If carried out early, around 6-7 weeks, what you see is only a "string bean" with a small beating heart. 

This ultrasound is also known as obstetric ultrasound. Obstetric ultrasound uses sound waves to produce images of a baby (embryo or fetus) that is inside a pregnant woman, as well as the uterus and the mother's ovaries. It does not use ionizing radiations which has no harmful effects, and that's why it is the favored method for monitoring pregnant women and their unborn babies. 

A Doppler ultrasound (a technique that evaluates blood flow in the umbilical cord, in the fetus, or in the placenta) may be part of this test.

This procedure does not require any special preparation. Because you only need to expose the area of the lower abdomen, it would be convenient to wear a loose, two-piece outfit. Leave the jewelry at home. Level 1 Ultrasound is safe and painless and produces images of the inside of the body using sound waves. Because ultrasound images are captured in real time, they can show the structure and movement of the internal organs of the body, as well as the blood that flows through the blood vessels.

Obstetric ultrasound provides images of an embryo or fetus inside a woman's uterus, as well as the uterus and the mother's ovaries.

During an obstetric ultrasound, the examiner can evaluate the blood flow in the umbilical cord or, in some cases, assess the blood flow in the fetus or placenta.

 

What Is Level 2 Ultrasound in Pregnancy? 

It is the study that is carried out with a high definition ultrasound equipment, counting with experienced doctors in the area, whose preparation allows them to know the normal development of the fetus in the different stages of pregnancy as well as the detection of abnormalities in its formation. In turn, they must perform a diagnostic integration, monitoring, prognosis, and treatment in these cases, which is a support for the treating physician.

 

The term 2nd level ultrasound refers to an examination on a particular indication for at-risk pregnancy, performed by a highly skilled operator with high-tech equipment, aimed at investigating the diagnosis of fetal abnormalities and evaluating fetal end-endemic growth, to the maternal-fetal hemodynamic control through the use of Doppler Velocimetry and to the monitoring of obstetric pathology.

For patients who request it, the examination can be completed by an ultrasound scan to screen for chromosomal abnormalities and a transvaginal ultrasound of the cervix for predicting premature delivery.

 

First Trimester

You didn’t get your period. You have sore breasts and you are tired. You get your pregnancy test done and find yourself to be pregnant. Good News!! You are pregnant and it’s time for you to get your blood test and an ultrasound done.

 

What should you expect during your examination?

When you’ll be six to eight weeks pregnant, your first ultrasound also called as the sonogram will be done. You should ask your doctor whether your bladder should be full for the test or not. Since sound waves are easily able to travel through the liquid, therefore, your bladder being full can make your ultrasound’s quality to be better.

At this stage your baby is very small therefore, your uterus and your Fallopian tube are close to your birth canal as compared to the abdomen, hence, your transvaginal test or TVS will be conducted so that your doctor can get a clearer picture.Don’t worry!! This test is absolutely painless.A thin wand like transducer probe transmitting sound waves of high frequency will be placed in your Vagina through your Uterus. These sound waves bounce off the fetus sending the signals back to the machine converting these bounced back reflections of the image of your baby. These images are black and white. A clearer picture will be seen after 13 weeks as the first snapshot of your baby will not give a very clear picture.

Importance of the First Trimester

After listening to the heartbeat of your baby, your doctor estimates the age of your baby by measuring the length of your baby from head to bottom. Since the baby is extremely small and is growing about a millimetre per day, therefore, your doctor will be able to find out the milestones during your pregnancy.This ultrasound will help your doctor rule out the possibility of a tubal or ectopic pregnancy. This pregnancy happens when your fetus starts growing in the Fallopian tube and not in the Uterus. Also, whether your pregnancy is with the multiples or not will be revealed by your doctor.

Second Trimester

After 18-20 weeks of your pregnancy, you are scheduled for a detailed ultrasound. This ultrasound will give you a good look at your baby.

What should you expect during examination?

This Ultrasound also called as the level 2 ultrasound anatomy scan will be held for about 25 to 45 minutes. This would happen only if you have one baby but if you have multiples, the time to be taken for this ultrasound might be more than 45 minutes. This is done by the doctor to ensure that all the organs of your baby are developing properly. Though this will give you a detailed picture of your developing child but only a doctor’s eye will be able to correctly distinguish between the Kidneys and the stomach. So, seek the help of your doctor or the technician who is doing the ultrasound for you to see the organs of your baby properly.

While you are made to lie on the examination table, your doctor would slather gel on your abdomen and then will use a plastic transducer on the belly. This would transmit sound waves of high frequency through your uterus. Believe me –it’s actually an amazing experience to see your child on the TV screen.

Importance of the Second Trimester

This would be the most thorough check up of your baby. The heart’s rate will be checked by the doctor. Also, if there are certain abnormalities persisting in the Heart, Liver, Brain and the Kidneys, the doctor will be able to diagnose. Your baby’s fingers and toes will be counted by the doctor, the birth defects will be checked, the Placenta will be examined and Amniotic fluid level will be measured. The technician or the doctor will also be able to determine the Sex of the baby. For getting the glimpse of your baby’s bone structure and the nose, you can even seek a 3-D view.

When the ultrasound of your baby is used for the medical purposes, it’s supposed to be extremely safe for you as well as your baby. You should only be careful with the person performing the ultrasound-it has to be a trained professional possessing ample experience for correctly interpreting the results and detecting abnormalities. 

Whole body checkup for seniors - Why and what?

whole body health checkup for seniors

When somebody says senior citizen, what is the first thing that comes to your mind?

Respect, experience and most importantly health.

You must have heard the proverb: Old Is Gold. This proverb fits perfectly with senior citizens. Senior citizens play a key role in holding the family together as they are responsible for conserving their ethics and culture through their abundant knowledge and experience. They impart the knowledge of right or wrong to those younger to them. Senior citizens are like backbone in shaping our society as they carry broad experience with them.

But old age brings various kinds of diseases and ailments with itself. Out of any age group, senior citizens have the most health issues because the later years in an individual’s life are comparatively more physically challenging.

As the age increases so does the risk of various ailments like Strokes, Arthritis, Dementia, Kidney and Bladder problems.

Some of the most common problems people experience in later part of their lives are:

Arthritis:

Arthritis is the most common disease among adults who are over the age of 65 years, but teens, younger adults and children can also develop it. This disease is more common in men than in women.

Heart disease

If studies are to be believed Heart disease alone caused around 520,000 deaths in 2015. Heart diseases caused maximum number of deaths in adults over 65 years. With age, the risk of high Cholesterol and high Blood Pressure increases which increases the chances ofstroke or Heart disease.

Cancer

According to statistics Cancer killed around 500,000 people in 2015 proving second major cause of deaths among individuals over age of 65 years.

Respiratory diseases

It is also one of the leading diseases found in people of 65 years of age. Suffering from a respiratory ailment makes you more vulnerable to diseases like Pneumonia and similar respiratory infections.

An early diagnosis of diseases would be beneficial in curing a disease which may otherwise prove fatal. Therefore 3hcare brings whole body check-up packages for elderly men and women. These packages are:

Senior Citizen Health Check UP (Male)

This package covers the test for the following:

  •          Complete Blood Count: (HB, TLC, DLC, ESR, PS, PLATELET COUNT, RBC, MCV, PCV, RDW, MCH, MCHC)
  •          Blood Sugar (Fasting & PP)
  •          Kidney Diseases: (Urea, Creatinine, Protein, Albumin Globulin Uric Acid)
  •          Liver diseases: (SGOT, SGPT)
  •          Lipid Profile: (T.CHOLESTEROL, TRIGLYCERIDE , HDL, LDL, VLDL CHOLESTROL RATIO)
  •          Urine Routine & Microscopic Examination
  •          Stool Routine & Microscopic Examination
  •          Ultrasound KUB with Prostate
  •          ECG, Dental Check – Up OPG

Senior Citizen Health Check UP (Female)

This package covers the test for the following:

  •          Complete Blood Count: (HB, TLC, DLC, ESR, PS, PLATELET COUNT, RBC, MCV, PCV, RDW, MCH, MCHC), Blood Sugar (Fasting & PP)
  •          Kidney Diseases: (UREA, CREATININE, PROTEIN, ALBUMIN GLOBULIN URIC ACID)
  •          Liver Diseases: (SGOT, SGPT)
  •          Lipid Profile: (T.CHOLESTEROL, TRIGLYCERIDE, HDL, LDL, VLDL CHOLESTROL RATIO)
  •          Urine Routine & Microscopic Examination
  •          Stool Routine & Microscopic Examination
  •          Ultrasound Breast Studies
  •          U/S Studies Pelvis
  •          ECG
  •          Pap smear
  •          Dental Check – Up OPG

3H Care brings you some of the best senior citizen health checkup packages from top labs based in Delhi, Noida and NCR.

This Disease Causes Max Number of Deaths

This disease is the leading cause of death both in men and women. It causes maximum number of deaths not only in India but all over the world. One in every four death is caused by this disease. According to statistics this disease accounts for 17.3 million deaths each year and this number is expected to increase to more than 23.6 million by 2030. Do you know which disease is being talked about here?

Read on to find out.

Today in India, fewer people are dying from pneumonia and diarrheal diseases because the top position is occupied by some other disease. Ischemic heart disease also called coronary heart disease is the leading cause of death worldwide.

What is Ischemic heart disease?

Ischemic heart disease is a condition of repetitive chest pain which occurs when any part of heart is not able to receive sufficient blood. This generally occurs during exercise, excitement or strain because these are some conditions in which your heart demands maximum blood flow.

Symptoms

These are some common symptoms of coronary heart disease

  • Chest pain (or angina): Are you suffering from any physical or emotional stress? Chest pain (also known as angina) is a condition in which you may feel tightness or pressure in your chest as if something heavy has been put on it and is generally caused by physical or emotional stress.
  • Shortness of breath: If the heart is not able to pump sufficient blood to meet the needs of your body, there could be chances that you may develop fatigue or shortness of breath.
  • Cardiac Arrest: Cardiac arrest may cause complete blockage of coronary artery. Its most prominent symptoms include severe pressure in chest and pain in arm or shoulder, sometimes along with sweating and shortness of breath.

Causes

Coronary heart diseases may be caused by various factors like:

  • High Cholesterol: High level of cholesterol in blood can swell the risk of atherosclerosis and plaques formation in blood.
  • High blood pressure: High blood pressure results in thickening and hardening of arteries because of which the channel through which blood can flow become narrow.
  • Smoking: The risks of coronary diseases are generally higher in people who smoke.
  • Diabetes: The risk of heart disease or stroke is two times more in diabetic people than in others.

What could be the reason that the risk of coronary diseases is rapidly increasing?

Rapidly changing lifestyle, unhealthy choices of food and constantly changing food habits like intake of food such as cheese, food rich in fats, late breakfast and dinner are principal factors in increasing the abdominal obesity, waist-to-hip ratio, a main risk factor for coronary heart disease.

Can heart Diseases be cured?

Yes, heart diseases can be cured by inviting changes in your lifestyle like:

  • Quit Smoking
  • Follow a Healthy Diet
  • Be Physically Active
  • Maintain a Healthy Weight

Not only these, you need to get regular health check up done for leading a healthy life and increasing the number of years you will spend on earth.