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What Does an MRI Show?

MRI

At MRI it is possible to receive both planar and volumetric anatomical images of the investigated area. Depending on what area is scanned, the following types of MRI are distinguished: the brain, internal organs, joints, spine, etc. The more the power of the tomograph, the higher the resolution of the pictures and hence the more accurate the diagnosis and the higher the MRI test cost in Noida. A tomograph in our center allows you to take high-quality images, which helps doctors make the right determinations.

What Are The Differences in MRI Scanners?

Magnetic resonance tomography is of several types and has differences in some indicators. First, the tomographs differ in the power of the magnetic field. The unit of measurement is Tesla. The higher this indicator, the more possibilities for the scanner regarding research and the quality of the images obtained.

Relying on the strength of the magnetic field, the following types of MRI are distinguished:

  •        Low-floor (from 0.1 to 0.5T)
  •        Medium-field (from 0.5 to 1T)
  •        High-floor (from 1 to 2T)
  •        Superhighfield (over 2T)

What Are The Differences Between Open And Closed Tomographs?

Also, magnetic resonance tomography is of a closed and open type. The closed-type MRI form is the tunnel into which the patient is placed. At the same time, the device is not closed from all sides - the space of the head and legs remains open. An open-type MRI is a table on which the patient is located, and the magnetic coils of the tomograph are located above and below.

The rest of the space is open. Of course, research on open-type tomographs is more comfortable, but such tomographs are mostly low-floor or medium-field. Therefore, their capabilities are limited, and on such scanners, it is recommended to carry out simple studies. In those cases when it is required to obtain the most accurate information, magnetic resonance imaging is performed on high-field or ultra-high-resolution closed-type tomographs.

Other Information

Previously, magnetic resonance imaging was used to study the brain and spine. However, later the scope of the MRI was significantly expanded, and at present, any organ can be examined by the MRI test lab in Noida. There are only some organs for the study of which it is preferable to use other diagnostic methods. First of all, these are organs that contain air. For lung examination, it is preferable to use fluorography or X-ray CT. But in most cases, only the MRI method is the most informative and accurate, especially in studies of the brain and spinal cord.

The higher the power of the tomograph, the louder these sounds are. Therefore, to reduce the noise level, the patient is given earplugs or vacuum headphones. At present, there are a large number of medical institutions where it is possible to pass an MRI at any convenient time. But our medical center has the most modern equipment, which allows us to obtain accurate information. Experienced professionals, leading the reception and conducting the research, quickly and accurately deliver the correct diagnosis and will assign you effective treatment.

Kidney Function Test- When You Should Go For It!

Kidneys are fragile like other parts of the body. Due to their worsening the body's anatomy deteriorates, therefore it is necessary to take special care of them. By adopting many small things, kidney disease can be avoided. As the world progresses, as the number of people suffering from kidney disease is increasing in the country. How many people are suffering from this disease in our country can be judged naturally.

To know the state of kidney function, a set of biochemical tests are made from blood and urine samples collected during 24 hours, together with the observation of the urinary sediment under a microscope.

These tests help the doctor to focus well on the diagnosis and treatment of a disease.

For the correct sampling of urine for 24 hours, the first urination should be discarded at 08:00 hours, collecting all urine for the next 24 hours in a suitable sterile container, which can be supplied by the hospital or purchased from a drugstore.

How Can I Know If I Have Kidney Disease?

In general, kidney disease in its initial stage has no symptoms. The only way to know how well your kidneys are working is to undergo tests. Have a checkup of kidney disease if you suffer from:

  •         Diabetes
  •         High blood pressure
  •         Heart disease

The Family History of Kidney Failure

If you have diabetes, get a checkup every year. If you feel pain from high blood pressure, heart disease or have a family history of kidney failure, talk with your doctor about how often you should have it evaluated. The sooner you know you have kidney disease, the sooner you can get treatment to help protect your kidneys.

How Is Kidney Function Test Done?

The KFT testis a standard blood-based test. It contains several parameters that show the health of the kidneys. The Kidney Function Test Report includes the typical limitations of kidney parameters. A phlebotomist or a technician will take a blood sample from you for this test. It can also be arranged for collection from home. The result comes within 24 hours.

How Is Kidney Function Test Done?

The Kidney Function Test is a standard blood-based test. It contains several parameters that show the health of the kidneys. The Kidney Function Test Report includes the typical limitations of kidney parameters. A phlebotomist or a technician will take a blood sample from you for this test. It can also be arranged for collection from home. The result comes within 24 hours.

What Is Done During The Kidney Function Test?

During the kidney function test, technicians remove blood samples from the patient's body; in the process, bandage or elastic bands are banded on the upper side of the patient. After that where the injection needle is to be applied, the place is cleaned by antiseptic, and after that, the needle is inserted in the vein from the inside of the skin. After this, a sampling of blood is taken through the needle, which is stored in the syringe, vial or tube attached to the needle and taken to the laboratory for its analysis. When a needle is applied, it may feel a little prick or pain. After the needle is removed, the doctor places cotton wool on it or puts the bandage to prevent it from bleeding. A needle spot may have blue marks for a few days, although it does not cause severe and chronic pain.

MRI Under Child Anesthesia: Is It Safe To Do This?

MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) - A procedure of studying the human body with the help of a magnetic field and radio waves. This is a non-invasive diagnosis without compromising the integrity of the skin. The device is based on a magnetic field, pulses that transmit information to the computer. Thanks to this device you can visualize the human body in three projections - axial, sagittal and coronal. In this article, we'll look at how MRI is done under anesthesia to a child.

The MRI test discount in Delhi procedure allows you to diagnose the following pathologies: anomalies of the brain, pituitary, abdominal and pelvic organs.

MRI of the brain in development

To obtain a clear image, the immobility of the patient being examined is a prerequisite. If a person has a clear consciousness and can follow the doctor's instructions during the survey, then no additional substances are used. Thus, it is possible to do MRI for children without anesthesia.

If the patient is sick and cannot stay in a stationary state for a long time, or the child is too small, then a medicinal dream is recommended. Use such types of general anesthesia: intravenous and endotracheal, mask or with a laryngeal mask.

The examination can be carried out in outpatient or inpatient settings. The patient is placed on a fixed table, and his body position is secured with the necessary belts and rollers. There are also individual wires and devices that are located around the circumference of the subject area of the body.

It is possible to use contrast for a better image of the investigated site. Before this, it is necessary to clarify the patient whether he is allergic reactions to iodine. Most often, the procedure uses a contrast substance gadolinium.

It is also essential to check the functional capacity of the kidneys before the test since, in the presence of renal failure, the contrast agent cannot be excreted. In this case, do not use contrast.

The substance is administered intravenously with a syringe or injector. Before use, determine the amount and speed of administration of the drug, which is synchronized with the work of the scanner. Then, the patient table is placed inside the magnet, and the remaining medical personnel leaves the room.

Examining without anesthesia

MRI scan discount on child without anesthesia is also performed. In case it can lie still during the procedure. If the child does not have claustrophobia, epilepsy and seizures. As a rule, medicament sleep is not required for children older than five years.

MRI for adults

If the patient is conscious and can follow the doctor's instructions, then anesthesia is not needed. If he has a violation of consciousness, and a person cannot stay in place for a while, then a drug-induced sleep is required.

You need to prepare for the procedure. Preparation includes several essential items: stopping food intake 9 hours before the study, taking water for 2 hours, you need to remove artificial limbs, lenses, jewelry and metal objects.

The Ultimate Guide: An Overview on CT Scan

The sole reason as to why a doctor would order a CT Scan Abdomen or of the chest is to make detailed pictures and analyze the internal structure. CT scan is also known as Computerized tomography (CT) which is useful in obtaining very detailed 3D image of certain parts of the body.

The process is a progression of the x-ray project albeit one may deduce that it is done by taking many different x-ray views which are combined with the use of computer processing. They create cross-sectional images of the bones and soft tissue inside of the body, including tissues inside of solid organ. The reason why X-rays are not a very preferred choice of imaging is due to the fact that the rays do not show clear images of soft tissues. The CT scan also gives the flexibility to use a contrast dye that allows showing up clearer image on the screen.  A crystal clear CT scan displays all the structures of the body including the lungs and cancer tumor.

Reasons for a Chest CT scan: 

CT scans are used for a multitude of reasons. Its benefits particularly help in the checking for certain cancers, the development of abnormal tumors and growth of lumps if any.

The CT scans have the ability to successfully locate the tumor, the stage at which the cancer is at and where to perform a biopsy.  The CT scans such as those for the chest can also be ordered after a mammogram exam. Some CT scans are tailored to look for heart disease, aneurysms of the aorta or pulmonary emboli.

In the aftermath of a therapy or surgery, a CT is perhaps the first that gets prescribed in the CT scan centre. This gives a clear idea as to how well the body is responding to treatment.

CT scans can be used to detect cysts or infections in the body.

It is now more of a regulation to go for a CT scan to inspect any internal injury after an accident to identify grave injuries especially the internal ones.

Role of CT scan in diagnosing the problems of the chest

  •         A CT scan can help doctors diagnose the cause of shortness of breath or chest pain, as well as find the cause of abnormal findings from a standard X-ray.
  •         A CT scan of the chest can discover masses, tumors, infections, or injuries. It can also show excess fluid around the lungs or a blood clot in the lungs.
  •         The problems such as blocked blood vessels, cancer, injury or heart problems can be assessed with a CT scan.
  •         Chest scan, also known as thorax CT scan can look into the potential problems of the heart, lungs esophagus, the aorta or even the tissues of the chest.

 

What is the safety limit of CT scan?

It is true that the CT scan test in the CT scan center Delhiis administered with radiation exposure but there is almost a cent percent chance that they are unlikely to harm the body in any internal or apparent way.

The CT Scan Cost Delhi   is between INR 2000 and 4000. For the CT scan brain angiography, the scan centers may charge anywhere around INR 12000.

4D Ultrasound imaging: Mainly During Pregnancy: is it worth it?

In recent years, there has been an increased interest in the so-called 4D ultrasound image. The 4D ultrasound differs from 2D/3D images because it provides real-time streaming video of the area under study. To date, this technology is mainly used to create a fetal video for memory. Practice, although it is considered harmless, may deserve a closer inspection.

4d ultrasound cost in India displays the clinical data needed to determine the level of welfare and fetal growth, as 2D and 3D images do. Nevertheless, this gives an additional advantage of demonstrating the features of the child. This practice can have immediate advantages in that it can contribute to earlier parenting relationships and healthier maternal habits during pregnancy.

Despite the lack of evidence of any harm caused by ultrasonic images and heart rate monitors, the reasonable use of these devices by trained health care workers is important.

Long-term effects of heating and cavitation of tissues are unknown. Therefore, ultrasound scanning should only be carried out when there is a medical need based on a prescription and carried out by properly trained operators.

3D and 4D ultrasound examinations can detect some abnormalities that an expert may not notice during a two-dimensional ultrasound due to an unsuccessful angle of reflection of the waves. In addition, the 4D ultrasound examination makes it possible to detect problems in the work of the heart before birth - some diseases are visible only when observing the contractions of the heart and do not affect the structure of the organ.

The very procedure for conducting 4D ultrasound does not differ from the classical two-dimensional ultrasound. During the test, you can ask the doctor to record a disc that you can view at home on your computer or a normal DVD player.

It is necessary to prevent pregnant women from unauthorized appointment of their examinations - if the doctor does not refer you to 3D or 4d ultrasound cost in India, then there is no need to go through it yourself. Despite the fact that at present no harm is detected from ultrasound and this method is considered completely safe, additional examinations make mom nervous, which does not have a good effect on the child.

Do not also think that the traditional two-dimensional ultrasound is not very informative or morally obsolete. Currently, specialists have extensive experience working with a two-dimensional ultrasound study, which allows full and effective diagnosis using this method.

Three-dimensional ultrasound examination of the fetus is currently a highly informative diagnostic method, while absolutely safe for the mother and baby. In addition, 3D-ultrasound is painless, does not cause discomfort, does not require complex preparation and does not have any contraindications.

Future parents need to know that the most favorable time for successful research in the 3D / 4D mode is from 24 to 30 weeks.

A distinctive feature of 4D-ultrasound is the ability to compose a video clip from static 3D images distributed in time, instantly processed data represents an image in motion in real time. This version of visualization allows you to see a realistic picture of the fetus. Doctors and future parents can see the movements of the baby.

Prostate Cancer: How to Determine and What to do after this?

The stage of diagnosis of prostate cancer begins with the appointment of an urologist or oncologist. As a rule, by this time the patient suspects the disease according to the parameters of the PSA test, or after a routine examination of the urologist.

The diagnosis of prostate cancer is always based on histological findings. For this, a puncture or saturation biopsy is performed.

For the most effective treatment of prostate cancer requires accurate information about the localization of cancer. Therefore, the diagnostic labs use a number of PET-CT examinations, shown in prostate cancer. PET-CT is used not only at the stage of diagnosis, but also when calculating the radiation dosimetry plan and when evaluating the effectiveness of targeted therapy. The specialists of the hospital have a unique experience in the use of PET-CT with radioisotope sensitive to prostate cancer.

This examination determines prostate cancer with low PSA, when cancer spreads to the lymph nodes and is particularly effective in tracking the recurrence of the disease after surgery or radiation therapy. PET-CT with PSMA allows doctors to more accurately conduct diagnostics and select optimal treatment for the patient, taking into account its effectiveness and preservation of quality of life. The information on the exact location of the cancer is extremely important for the surgeon when deciding on the operation.

At the stage of diagnosing prostate cancer, it is important to obtain accurate information about the disease, for further treatment planning.

As part of routine physical examinations, men usually undergo a PSA (Prostatic Specific Antigen) test to test prostate cancer. The moment of truth comes when indicators are high, indicating the possibility of cancer. What to do in this case? Do you want to retake the test? To make a painful biopsy? And the worst thing is- what if the diagnosis is confirmed? Quickly start treatment, at the risk of causing impotence and incontinence?

Still more complicating is the fact that there is no clear consensus among experts on testing and treating prostate cancer. Many of them are generally against the PET CT scan, since the results usually lead to unwanted biopsy and unnecessary treatment.

Prostate cancer develops so slowly that only 15-20% of men are really in danger, but it was still impossible to distinguish between moderate cancer and life-threatening cancer, so we in vain treated somewhere 85% of men, putting them under the threat of impotence and incontinence almost without reason.

Ultrasound can measure the size of the prostate for biopsy, and color Doppler ultrasound captures an increased flow of blood that helps determine the cancer. The new technology also allows you to consider specific suspicious areas for biopsy.

If you have an elevated PSA, experts recommends:

  •        Ask your doctor to perform a rectal examination to check if there are any swelling or disturbances and to pass an ultrasound to measure the size of the prostate;
  • If there is a suspicion of an infection, take a course of antibiotics and do a repeat PSA test;
  •        MRI prostate using 3.0 Tesla. This technology determines cancer tumors with an accuracy of 85-90%, even very tiny, with a size of 5mm.
  •        Make color ultrasound dopplerography.
  •        Only then make a biopsy using information from MRI and Doppler ultrasound so that doctors can get more accurate results.

If you decide to undergo treatment, get a second opinion and discuss options for robotic prostatectomy, proton radiation and cryotherapy.

How Pre-Employment Health Packages Have Been Prioritized By Employers

Pre- Employment Health Packages

Pre employment health checkup is being taken seriously by many private and government organizations due to its significance of the benefits for any organization. This ensures that the company is aware of the health status and well being of its entire employee force and whether or not they can sustain themselves without many health complications. No wonder, it has become something of a regulation for many companies to schedule pre-employment health check-ups prior to hiring and also on an annual basis.

This set of check-ups can also be helpful to ascertain whether the candidate is medically fit enough to serve the organization.

Of late, many companies have embraced this idea of having their employees screened on health grounds for better performance. Pre-employment checkup is not too time-consuming a test as most of the tests are basic in nature and all of them are not done in a single sitting.  .

What are the Benefits of Pre Employment Check Up?

It maintains safety at workplace

An employee, who is either serving or a fresher, is made to undergo a pre-employment health check up so they do not harm or contaminate any disease, which they are already suffering from. For instance;a person with TB in a call center, a cook with typhoid in a restaurant, an asthmatic as an AC mechanic, a colorblind person in a clothing store, etc.

Health Record Compilation

A Pre employment health checkup helps in archiving the data against which the health status of the employee can be compared for reference. This can also be a multipurpose source of information that can shed light on a person's present medical conditions, habits with regard to lifestyle and contagious diseases, which could get adversely affected by occupational exposure.

Ascertain Productivity and Efficiency

This test is a useful way to check if any persisting health condition is becoming a barrier to an individual's productivity while serving the organization. Likewise they can also make fair assumption of the new employee on the performance and productivity metrics. The reason; a person's physical well-being is directly proportional to the productivity at work. 

Cost to Company for Medical Reimbursement

Given many people find it hard to bear the medical expenses all by their own; many companies have finally identified the need to have pre-employment health check-ups. This helps the employees in keeping their medical expenses reduced to a great extent. An employee who suffers from long-term illness would require frequent hospitalization. This may lead to frequent absenteeism that'd cost both the employer and the employee

How Much is this Check-Up Going to Cost?

The check covers all the basic tests that can track the overall fitness of the employees. This include:

  •   Complete Medical / Physical Examination
  •   Laboratory Investigations
  •   Complete Blood Count (26 parameters)
  •   Blood Sugar Fasting
  •   Urine Routine & Microscopy
  •   Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR)
  •   Blood Group & Rh Factor
  •   X-RAY Chest
  •   Optional Tests
  •   ECG
  •   HIV (For AIDS)
  •   SGPT (For Liver)
  •   Cholesterol (Heart)
  •   HBsAg (Hepatitis)
  •   Creatinine (Kidney)

 

Therefore the pre employment health packages in Delhi can vary between INR 1000 to INR 5050 (approx..) depending on the inclusion and exclusion of the tests.

Purpose of Ultrasound Test

What is an ultrasound?

Ultrasound is a test that has been largely associated with pregnancy. It is rather a common sight to carry out ultrasound test in the hospitals with ultrasound laboratory in Delhi in order to find out the gender of the baby and also to identify the anomalies or birth defects early on. But fetal imaging is only one of the common uses for ultrasounds.

How does the procedure work?

An ultrasound can develop a live image of the inside of the body using sound waves in an ultrasound lab in Delhi. This is done by using a tool called a transducer which produces high frequency sounds that human ears cannot process and then uses the echoes to discover all the information about the organs and tissues inside. This information is then shown on a computer screen. It takes a trained ultrasound technician to be able to perform the test properly. Once the test is done, a radiologist or doctor can interpret the images in order to diagnose conditions.

What is an ultrasound used for?

An ultrasound has many different uses, but here are the most common:

  1.      Pregnancy: In the beginning of the pregnancy an ultrasound image can be used to confirm pregnancy and reveal due dates. As the pregnancy progresses it can be used to determine the presence of twins and reveal the gender of the baby. And ultrasound can also be used to find out any problems like birth defects, breech positioning, ectopic pregnancies, issues with the placenta, and more.​
  2.      Diagnostics: Ultrasound imaging is often used to find out issues that include the heart and blood vessels, gallbladder, kidneys, bladder, ovaries, uterus, liver and basically any organ inside the body. This procedure is also used to perform a thyroid biopsy or a breast biopsy to determine if there is a presence of cancer. Doctors also use this imaging to help guide the biopsy needle through the skin to a very precise area in order to retrieve tissue to test.

What are the different types of ultrasound?

Most of the time an ultrasound can be successfully done using the transducer on top of skin. However, if this does not produce a clear picture the technician use a special transducer in one of the body's openings.

What are the benefits of ultrasound?

  • They are painless and do not require needles or incisions, although the transducer wand can sometimes be uncomfortable.​
  • There is no use of radiation which makes these tests safer than X-rays, CT scans or an MRI. There are absolutely no harmful side effects.​
  • Soft tissues don't show it very well in the next day but very clearly in an ultrasound image.​
    They are easily accessible and cost less and other techniques.​

What is expected during ultrasound?

At times the doctor may issue instructions such is not eating or drinking or wearing lotion or perfume before the test. You may need to drink several glasses if your bladder needs to be full. You will also be given a gown for wearing so that the ultrasound technician can easily maneuver the transducer in the area which will be screened. 

You will be down on the bed and the ultrasound tech will use a water-based gel so that the transducer can make contact with the skin without allowing for any air between; the measurements, notes, and still images maybe taken during the process. 

While an MRI can take up to two hours, an ultrasound can take anywhere from 10 minutes to about one hour. You will be awake and alert for the entire process, and the technician will often be able to show you on the computer what they are seeing. 

How much will an ultrasound cost?

There are two things that need to be considered while getting a fair idea as to what the ultrasound cost in Delhi is. The first point is of course the fact that it depends mostly on the part of the body which has to be examined in the ultrasound test. Next, given the fact that India is a diverse country multi-tier facility like super specialty hospitals and nursing homes, the prices vary. Ideally, the cost of ultrasound ranges between INR 500 and 3200. 

Computed Tomography Of The Lungs

Computed tomography of the lungs is a method of X-ray examination, which is based on the reproduction of images obtained by circular scanning of the object by a directed beam of X-rays. In the study of lungs, CT provides an opportunity to determine the location of interlobar gaps, intersegmental septa clearly, and assess the state of bronchi and pulmonary vessels. Computerized tomography of the lungs is the fastest and most accurate method of diagnosing diseases in this area.

The Primary Indications for the CT Scan Cost in Delhi NCR Are:

  •        Pleurisy
  •        Tumor Education
  •        Metastasis of tumors
  •        Parasitic cysts of the lungs
  •        Lung disorders caused by rheumatoid diseases
  •        Abscesses
  •        Suspicion of pulmonary arterial thromboembolism
  •        Tuberculosis

Computer tomography of the lung can be performed on a conventional tomography or spiral. Traditional CT of the lung is performed to visualize pathological processes in the lungs. The study time is approximately 20 minutes. During the scan, the patient must repeatedly hold his breath. CT of the lungs, carried out on a spiral tomograph lasts only about 15 seconds and it is necessary to delay breathing only once. This method makes it possible to evaluate the state of the lymph nodes of the mediastinal organs as well.

No preliminary preparation is necessary before carrying out a computed tomography of the lungs to the patient. The only exception is when the CT scan cost in Delhi is performed with contrast. In this case, it is recommended to refrain from eating for 5-6 hours before the study, as when injecting a contrast agent, a feeling of nausea may appear.

Contrast substance helps to visualize soft tissues and blood vessels better. During the study, the patient is on the movable table of the apparatus, which moves inside the tunnel, and at this time a tomography ring rotates around it. After the end of the procedure, the patient expects results.

The doctor concludes within 10-15 minutes, then all the data (pictures and their description) are given to the patient's hands or sent by e-mail to the treating doctor. Depending on the type of pathology detected, the treatment can be prescribed by doctors: an oncologist, a surgeon, or a pulmonologist.

HOW TO SCAN?

The specialist helps the patient to take the correct position on the computer tomography table. It is possible to use soft straps or ribbons to help keep the neck in the right place.

During the scan, the patient will be inside the computer tomograph. Many X-rays will pass through the patient's body when the X-ray tube rotates around it. The machine will take pictures from many sides, forming transverse images (slices) of the neck.

The technologist leaves the room. During the scan, the patient will be alone in the place, but the technologist can always see, hear and talk with him through the intercom.

For the first few checks, the table quickly moves through the scanner. The schedule will proceed slower for the rest of the scan. Neck scanning can take up to 15 minutes. Then the doctor looks at the pictures on the computer.

Some patients need a contrast study. Patients will receive a contrast (X-ray dye) during the scan. The difference makes the tissues and blood vessels more visible to the doctor's view to see them in CT images.

 

Kidney Ultrasound and its Aim

Patients suffering from renal colic without a history of kidney stones usually undergo non-contrast computed tomography. This technique does not require preliminary preparation of the patient, and it does not depend on the operator or the patient. Its main disadvantages are the high cost and use of ionizing radiation. Patients with a history of kidney stones require a conventional X-ray and Doppler ultrasound of kidney.

These are usually the first diagnostic tests that are performed. Also, in many areas of India, computed tomography is not generally available, and ultrasonography of the kidneys can be quickly and significantly assisted in diagnosing the patient. In addition to diagnosing obstructive uropathy, ultrasound can evaluate the condition of other abdominal organs with concomitant diseases.

Ultrasound Test scanning of the kidney can demonstrate the acoustic properties of its tissue, determine the pathological displacement of the organ as a result of the extra-renal mass, or determine whether hydronephrosis is secondary to the kidney stones. Also, ultrasound can detect a circadian fluid buildup such as a hematoma or abscess, determine the size of the kidneys and assess its parenchyma in detail, detect enlarged ureters and hydronephrosis, and identify kidney images with congenital anomalies.

The kidney is displayed on the ultrasound as an organ with a smooth outer contour, surrounded by a reflected thin stripe of the kidney fat. The renal parenchyma surrounds a large central renal sinus, which contains calyxes, pelvis, papillae, vessels, and lymphatic vessels. Because of the fat layer, the tissue of the renal sinus is depicted as an area of great echoing by a weaker variable contour. If two separate collection systems of the renal sinus are seen separated by a fatty layer, then doubling of the collective operation of the kidney by ultrasound should be suspected.

If the patient has a significant amount of perineum fat, the high-frequency sensor cannot provide penetration to the required depth to optimally visualize the kidney area on ultrasound. Thicker regions of the kidneys can appear in the form of hypoechoic structures. A detailed study of the ultrasound test price in Delhi can also be entirely or partially closed if the patient has the hepatocellular disease, gallstone disease, had chest and abdominal interventions, or there are adhesions between the liver and the kidneys. The use of the second harmonic visualization and tissue contrast technology, which is actively used, can help optimize the visualization of the organs.

The criteria for type I change on renal ultrasound include the following:

  •        The intensity of the echostructure in the cortex should be equal to or higher than in the neighboring liver or spleen;
  •        The power of the echostructure in the cortex should be similar to the adjacent renal sinus.

Minor signs include loss of identifiable arched vessels and a certain accentuation of the echo-structure on the cortico-medullary layer.

Type II - changes can show ultrasound evident focal disturbances of normal anatomy with any volume lesion, including cysts, tumors, abscesses, and hematomas.