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When Do A Third screening? - Screening For The 3rd Trimester

The third screening is a critical examination, the final stage of prenatal diagnosis. This set of procedures is designed to control the development of the fetus, as well as confirm existing ones or discover pathologies that could not be detected earlier.

When Do A Third screening

When does the third screening?

The third screening recommended to be done between the 32nd and 34th weeks of gestation. At this time, the results of the Pregnancy Ultrasound will be the most accurate, contain more critical information about the health of the baby, the state of embryonic organs in the light of approaching births.

What happens in the womb at this time?

  •        Increase the size of the body of the baby.
  •        His internal organs grow (lungs, brain, etc.).
  •        The skin becomes denser; a layer of subcutaneous fat is formed.
  •        The fetus is specially located in the womb.
  •        The number of amniotic fluid increases.

All these processes help to make the screening of the 3rd trimester more informative and valuable, as they allow you to see more than before.

Sometimes a doctor can prescribe some tests before the beginning of the 32nd week. For example, if suspicion of hypoxia or a delay in fetal development of the fetus, dopplerometry (ultrasound examination of blood vessels) is carried out at week 28. With any specific indication, the doctor may insist on the implementation of additional ultrasound, CTG, and other procedures, regardless of the timing of their planned application.

In some cases, tests may be needed immediately before childbirth. Therefore, it is impossible to say precisely what week three screening is done. This is not a universal date, but it depends on the individual needs of each patient.

Indications for screening for the 3rd trimester

Though ultrasound is mandatory in such cases. But due to various factors (for example, the unfavorable ecological situation in the city etc.), experts insist on carrying out an integrated screening for all pregnant women. There are some different conditions under which it is necessary to go through the third screening of the expectant mother.

Detection of defects in prenatal development of the fetus during research in the first-second trimesters;

  •        Mother-borne viral infections;
  •        Forced or accidental reception of drugs dangerous for pregnancy;
  •        The presence of family ties with parents;
  •        Late childbearing age (future mother over 35);
  •        Cases of previous miscarriage, birth of a dead fetus;
  •        Hereditary diseases and abnormalities in the family history;
  •        Bad habits (taking drugs, alcohol);
  •        Intensive mental or physical work, work in lousy production.

Three screening: goals and objectives of the survey

The purpose of Pregnancy Ultrasound at any stage of pregnancy is to monitor its course, to mark and prevent complications in time, to determine how the fetus is developing, and to detect pathologies of its development. Based on the results of the third-trimester studies, the doctor assesses the readiness of the mother's organism for childbirth, suggests whether pregnancy can be resolved naturally or if a surgical procedure is necessary.

What Is Kidney Function Test (KFT) - A Complete Guide

Kidneys are two bean-shaped excretory organs that filter wastes especially urea from the blood and excrete them. All the wastes from the body are discharged from the body as urine. This organ is found on the left and right side of the body in vertebrates. In addition, to helping the body gets rid of wastes; kidney enhances the production of Vitamin D, red blood cells and hormones that regulate blood pressure.

What Is Kidney Function Test

The doctors to find out symptoms of your kidneys not functioning properly do kidney function tests. These are tests of the blood and urine, which assess the kidney conditions. The kidney can also be harmed because of certain conditions like diabetes and high blood pressure. The common symptoms that indicate you should go for Kidney functions tests are:

  •        Blood in the urine
  •        Painful discharge of urine at the time of urination
  •        If high blood pressure is recorded
  •        Swelling of hands and feet caused by an accumulation of fluids in the body.

Your kidney might not be working properly if these symptoms occur simultaneously. Hence kidney function tests can give an exact analysis of your kidneys’ ability to clear the wastes from the body.

Kidney function tests or KFT can a give complete report on your glomerular filtration rate (GFR) to the doctor. This helps your doctor know how quickly the kidneys are clearing wastes from your body.

Types of kidney function tests:

Urinalysis- This test screens for the presence of protein in the urine. Protein can be present in urine for many reasons and all of them may not be related to diseases directly.  Some common reasons are an infection and heavy physical workout that can increase protein levels. To check whether the results are results are similar, a doctor may want to repeat this test after a week.

The test includes microscopic examinations and a dipstick test. Dipstick,a chemically treated strip is dipped in the urine sample. If the strip changes color, it indicates that there is an excess amount of protein, bacteria, and sugar. Doctors can ask for a 24-hour urine collection sample.

Serum Creatinine test- This blood test meant specifically to check the accumulation of creatinine in the body. The kidney normally filters creatinine, a waste product but if it shows higher level of storage, this can be considered to be a kidney problem. The National Kidney Foundation (NKF) concludes that an individual may be having kidney problem if the creatinine level is higher than 1.2 mg/dl among women and 1.4 mg/dl among men.

Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN)- The tests aim at checking the waste product as well as the amount of nitrogen in the blood. BUN tests are not conducted only in the scenarios of serious kidney damage. This test can show a higher level of nitrogen in the blood due to some common medications like antibiotics and aspirin dosage. Therefore, you may be advised to stop the use of these medications. The BUN level is said to be normal if it has been recorded between 7 and 20 mg/Dl.

Estimated GFR- This test analyses the kidney’s ability to filter wastes. Some of the factors that are taken into account determine the kidney’s efficiency to estimate GFR are creatinine levels, your age, gender, height, and weight. Any result lower than 60 milliliters/minute/1.73m2 can be dangerous signs of kidney diseases.

Collecting a 24-hour urine sample does kidney function tests. The purpose of urine collection is to see the levels of creatinine that is discharged by your body in a single day.

Blood samples for the test are collected in a pathology lab by qualified technicians. The technician draws out the blood from the veins and the process does not cause any long-term pain or discomfort.

How the test is performed?

Taking a 24-hour urine sample does kidney urine test. The purpose of this test is to get estimation on how much creatinine is expelled by the patient in a day.

The patient needs to do the following prior and after the test:

  •        Discharge urine in washroom like you normally does after waking up in the morning.
  •        For the next part of the entire day and night, collect your urine in the container provided by your doctor. Please note that you must keep urine sample refrigerated and tightly capped. A label must be pasted on the container to notify family members about what the container contains.
  •        On the next day i.e. on Day 2, you need to collect the morning urine in the container again in order to complete the 24 hours collection process.
The Importance Of Pre-Marital Check-Ups

Marriage is a sanctified union of two individuals who are solemnized to lead a life together in the years to come. With the start of a family and having kids, the relationship gets strengthened in due course of time. Given the responsibilities and challenges that life may pose, it is important to have physical fitness that can be deemed fit as per medical standards. A premarital health check-up is thus the need of the hour for individuals who are soon to become couples. You can easily approach the top diagnostic labs in Delhi to buy pre marital health packages Delhi.

The Importance Of Pre-Marital Check-Ups

 

What is pre marital check ups?

It is an elaborate set of various medical tests that help in the detection of genetic, infectious and transmissible diseases. This test/s is done on men and women alike so it can be assessed whether both individuals are medically compatible and safe from diseases before marriage. Some of the common types of tests that get covered in the pre marital health package in delhi are:

  •        HIV infection.
  •        Urine routine.
  •        Semen analysis.
  •        Blood group & RH typing.
  •        Complete haemogram

Additionally, there can be tests of Hba1c, RBS, HbsAg, and ultrasound pelvis screening. Consultation with a urologist is also included in the same package.

Why is it important to choose pre-marital health packages?

In modern times, diseases have defied the age-old myth that certain health complications arise only in a specific phase of life. Therefore, when it comes to marriage, there are chances that a grave disease might be looming large not just over an individual but three or even four individuals if we assume that the couple-to-be is planning on having two kids.  On a broader note, the importance of pre marital health packages can be gauged by the following facts:

  1. The pre marital health package delhiincludes the tests of sexually infected diseases that could affect the conjugal life of married individuals. Early detection of these diseases can help in their cure whereas in the cases when it is found that the individual is suffering from HIV, it can reduce the possibility of marital life sabotage.
  2.    A Genetic disorder is another grievous health condition that can be successfully ascertained in pre marital health check ups. To say the least, these disorders can be life-threatening for the offspring as well. Blood tests that are conducted under the pre marital health package delhi provide detailed analysis about Thalassemia and Sickle Cell Disease.
  3.    Moreover, the pre marital check up also sheds light on the hereditary health problems that a person might be facing and what are its implications if the soon-to-be couples are willing to have a baby.
  4.       Semen analysis done in these pre marital tests can be extremely beneficial for men as well as women as far as checking the fertility rate is concerned. Many a time, it has been observed that couple suffer or get to know about their fertility issues after a good two or three years of marriage. In order to lessen the despair and emotional trauma, it is necessary that women go for ovulation tests and males get their fertility rate analyzed.

Choosing the right diagnostic lab facility for pre marital health packages especially in Delhi and NCR can be a difficult job for local residents, let alone the people who come from far-flung areas. To address this issue of utmost importance, 3hcare has partnered and roped in some of the best diagnostic labs in Delhi that also have excellent facilities to conduct pre-marital health check-ups at affordable rates.

Why you may need MRI of the knee?

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the knee bone uses a strong magnetic field, radio waves, and a computer to produce pictures of the structures inside the knee joint. It is usually used to help diagnose or evaluate pain, weakness, swelling or bleeding in and around a joint. MRI test lab in Delhi does not use ionizing radiation and can help determine if you need surgery.

Talk to your physician about any health problems, recent surgeries or allergies, and whether there is a possibility that you are pregnant. The magnetic field is not harmful but can cause the malfunction of some medical devices. Most orthopedic implants do not present a risk, but you should always let the technologist know if you have an appliance or metal in your body.

Why you may need MRI of the knee?

The rules about foods and beverages before your examination vary according to the care center. Unless you are instructed otherwise, take your regular medications regularly. Leave the jewelry at home and wear loose and comfortable clothing. You may be requested to put on a gown during the exam. If you have claustrophobia or anxiety, you can ask your doctor to give you a moderate sedative before the test.

Some common uses of the procedure

In combination with conventional X-rays, MRI is, in general, the best option to examine the most important joints of the body, such as the knees.

The test is usually done to diagnose or estimate:

  • Knee pain, weakness, bulging or bleeding in the tissues in and around the joint
  • Damaged cartilage, menisci, ligaments or tendons
  • Knee injuries as a result of sports activities, such as sprains, strains of ligaments and strains of muscles
  • Bone fractures that may not be detected by x-ray or other imaging tests
  • Degenerative disorders of the joints, such as arthritis
  • Accumulation of fluid in the knee joint
  • Infections (such as osteomyelitis )
  • Tumors (primary tumors and metastases ) that involve bones and joints
  • A feeling that your knee is collapsing in the joint
  • Reduced mobility of the knee joint
  • Injuries or pain in the kneecap
  • Complications related to implanted medical devices

Your surgeon may also order an MRI to determine if knee arthroscopy or another surgical method is required and to monitor your progress after knee surgery.

A particular form of MRI called MR arthrography involves the injection of contrast agents into the joint so that the radiologist can obtain better visualization of the relevant structures.

What does MRI of the knee consist of?

MRI Test of the knee provides detailed images of the structures within the knee joint, including bones, cartilage, tendons, ligaments, muscles and blood vessels from many angles.

Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) is a non-invasive medical examination that doctors use to diagnose diseases.

MRI uses a powerful magnetic field, pulsed radiofrequency and a computer to create detailed images of organs, soft tissues, bones, and practically the rest of the internal structures of the body. MRI does not use ionizing radiation (X-rays).

The detailed images obtained with the MRI allow physicians to evaluate various parts of the body and determine the presence of specific diseases. In this way, images can be examined on a computer monitor, transmitted electronically, printed or copied to a CD, or uploaded to a digital server in the cloud.

10 Best Foods To Eat This Summer

There is hardly any individual who could get away from the harsh and high temperature of summer. As we are all aware that this season is also the biggest deterrent to our health. Therefore it is rather important that we prepare our body to combat the heat in the best possible way.


The foundation of having good health is laid on food, which is most suitable for your body and keeps all the common health ailments like dehydration, loss of appetite and fatigue. Since Indian summer can stretch for long period, it is really important to have a diet composed of foods and vegetables that wards off health complication. Check out our list of 10 best foods to eat this summer.


1. Yoghurt/curd- This food item must take over your daily diet as a staple. Not only is yoghurt delicious in taste, it also acts as a coolant for the body and checks the rise in temperature. Stomach trouble, another major health problem which is mainly faced by kids can also be curtailed as yoghurt contains probiotics and other beneficial bacteria that helps in stomach cleansing. You can have curd in the form of buttermilk, chhach, lassi as well.

Yoghurt


2. Watermelon- We all know for a fact that drinking four to six liters of water is indispensable in summer. Besides water, watermelon is also a healthy alternative that can hydrate and cool the body off. You can have watermelon slices or extract juice out of its pulp. However, one must avoid eating already sliced watermelon that are up for sale in many roadside stalls as they can be unhygienic and may cause health problems like diarrhea and food poisoning.

Watermelon
3. Cucumber- You can keep munching cucumber in almost any time of the day in summer, and that is what makes them so rich in healthiness. Cucumber is a rich source of magnesium, calcium, important vitamins like Vitamin A and C. For people struggling to keep their high BP levels in check, cucumber should be consumed on a daily basis.

Cucumber
4. Coconut Water- Perhaps water can never be substituted in the grueling heat of summer season but one can add coconut to maximize the hydration process of the body. Coconut water is replete with essential vitamins, minerals, and nutrients. One may be surprised to know that coconut water is the best and natural source of electrolytes like sodium and magnesium.

Coconut water
5. Mint- Adding mint to your daily diet can be extremely beneficial in the summer season to cool down body temperature. Mint is an easily available, inexpensive aromatic plants that are commonly consumed in India in the form of mint chutney. It can also be mixed with curd for added benefits.

Mint
6. Orange- The regent among all citrus fruits, oranges are very much available until the months of extreme temperature witnessed in Indian summer. Oranges have Vitamin C that can prevent the body from the cold that occurs due to seasonal change. The body tends to lose potassium in the form of sweat and it can put you at risk of having muscle cramps. Therefore, if you eat oranges on a daily basis, the body gets replenished thereby reducing the chances of body cramps.

Orange
7. Tomatoes- Research has proved that tomatoes contribute the body constituents to prevent the health condition that can cause cancer. Tomato is another vegetable that is relatively less expensive than other fruits and vegetables. It contains phytochemicals such as lycopene and Vitamin C.
8. Blueberries- The finest of summer fruit that has the goodness of antioxidant phytonutrients like anthocyanins. These nutrients neutralize free radical damage to the collagen matrix of cells and tissues. Availability of this fruit spreads through the months of June to August.

Tomatoes
9. Lemon/Lime Water- There’s no better way to kick-start your day than having a tall glass of lime water in summer season. The citric acid present in lemon works as an excellent detoxifier that helps you in getting rid of toxins. Moreover, your body is also replenished with healthy enzymes that get quickened by limejuice.

Lemon
10. Green Leafy Vegetables- It wouldn’t be apt to omit the green leafy vegetables either from your menu or our list! Green vegetables too have high water content, a necessity in the summer. Words of caution though, cook your vegetables only as much required to get the maximum benefit of the nutrients.

Green leafy

What Is Endoscopic Ultrasound - A Complete Guide

Doctors have long and successfully learned to recognize and treat conditions of the digestive system, but today more and more advanced technologies are being used. One of the most effective methods for diagnosing diseases of the gastrointestinal tract is endoscopic ultrasound.

What is endoscopic ultrasound

 

What is endoscopic ultrasound?

Now for the study of the abdominal cavity and pelvic organs, one of the traditional methods of diagnosis is most often used: transabdominal ultrasound, which is carried out through the anterior abdominal wall. Endoscopic ultrasound is a hybrid technology - the connection between ultrasound and endoscopy. If in routine ultrasound, recognition is performed through the skin, endoscopy is accomplished by inserting into the esophagus a particular ultrasound endoscope directed to the organ to be examined.

 

In what cases is endosurgery used

Ultrasound-endoscopes are of two types: radial and linear (convective). Redial allows you to obtain a detailed image of the walls of hollow organs and adjacent structures and using a direct echoendoscope you can perform a fine needle aspiration (sucking) biopsy. The primary indication for the use of endoscopic ultrasound is the staging of tumorous diseases of the organs of the upper digestive tract (esophagus, stomach, and duodenum). During the study, the depth of tumor invasion into the organ wall is determined, the regional lymph nodes and distant metastases are assessed.

 

The use of echo endoscopes also makes it possible to perform diagnostics of submucosal formations of the upper digestive tract, to determine the benign or malignant structure, to reveal the layer from which it originates. All this is fundamentally important for determining the further tactics of treatment. Even small pancreatic cysts can be successfully drained under the control of endoscopy, which allows choosing the most successful point for puncture, where there are no significant vessels, and there is the most intimate contact of the wall of the cyst with the wall of the organ.

Also, endoscopy helps diagnose diseases of the pancreatobiliary zone, detect tumor lesions of the pancreas, sizeable duodenal papilla, and bile ducts. With the help of an echoendoscope, it is possible not only to determine the nature of cystic and other pancreatic neoplasias but also to perform a fine needle aspiration biopsy for morphological examination and confirmation of the diagnosis.

 

Preparation for endoscopic ultrasound

As with the preparation for the regular endoscopic examination of the upper gastrointestinal tract, it is necessary to observe the fasting regime: you cannot eat or drink for 12 hours. But unlike ordinary gastroscopy, the vast majority of endoscopy is performed under general anesthesia. Firstly, the study is quite long: depending on the indications it takes from 20 minutes to 1 hour.

Secondly, the echoendoscope is more rigid and of larger diameter, which causes unpleasant sensations to the patient. Diagnostic endoscopic ultrasound test cost in Noida and other cities is performed in outpatient settings, and fine needle aspiration biopsy and therapeutic interventions are performed in a hospital. The patient regains consciousness right after the end of the procedure, and full recovery is needed from half an hour to an hour.

Helpfulness of pregnancy ultrasound to check fetus' health

In the 21st century, thanks to the development of Pregnancy Ultrasound diagnostics, parents do not need to spend nine long months to wonder what a small miracle looks like that develops in the womb. Now future moms and dads can get to know their baby already at the earliest stages of pregnancy. However, first of all, ultrasound is not necessary to satisfy the curiosity of parents. This procedure gives answers to much more critical questions.

 Pregnancy Ultrasound

The natural desire not only of the future mother but also of the doctor is the desire for early detection of a possible pathology in the coming baby. And the most crucial component of the complex of diagnostic measures for pregnant women is ultrasound. It is this procedure that allows to eliminate congenital diseases of the fetus already in the early stages and, thereby, to save the woman from fear of having a child with developmental abnormalities.

At the same time, if the fetus has any severe defects, the woman has the opportunity to terminate the pregnancy: at the very beginning, it is much less traumatic to take this decision than at the later stages. Of course, it is reasonable to carry out early diagnostics, which is sometimes so fateful, only specialists with vast experience in the field of prenatal ultrasound diagnostics and having the most modern technology can do it.

 

- And what kind of markers are they?

- These are signs, the appearance of which allows you to suspect the presence of any pathology in the fetus. One of the most important indicators, which the expert evaluates during an ultrasound in the first trimester, is the thickness of the collar space. It is an accumulation of fluid between the fetal skin and the soft tissues surrounding the cervical spine.

After the 14th week, the collar space disappears, so it is so important to adhere to the periods indicated for the survey. With the thickness of the "collar" more than 2.5 mm high risk of developing chromosomal pathology, diaphragmatic hernia, and malfunctions in the formation of the cardiovascular system.

Another "tip," which doctors pay attention to during Ist trimester ultrasound, is the formation of the nasal bone. In a typically developing fetus, it should be determined by the 11th week. In chromosomal diseases, this process slows down, so the absence of nasal bone during these periods may be an indirect sign of impairment.

 

- If I trimester ultrasound showed suspicions of chromosomal abnormalities - what should I do?

- The main thing is not to panic ahead of time. Further, the more detailed examination will allow finding out all the nuances. The Pregnancy Ultrasound data must be evaluated in conjunction with a biochemical study. And if the blood test also revealed a high risk of birth of an inferior child, the pregnant woman is sent to a geneticist who raises the question of karyotyping the fetus.

This invasive technique gives the most reliable result, but it must be done with caution - only in a good clinic, with a doctor with extensive experience in implementing similar procedures.

- Some pregnant women refuse ultrasound, fearing to get bad results

- Of course, future mothers worry a lot about their baby, do not sleep at night in anticipation of doctors' verdict. However, at the same time, if you do not undergo the necessary examinations, the same fear, uncertainty, and doubt will torment the woman during all nine months, and this is much worse. So it is better at the earliest stages of pregnancy to try to clarify the situation and make sure that everything goes well.

Use Of Computed Tomography For The Detection Of Kidney Cancer

Kidney cancer, also known as adenocarcinoma or renal cell carcinoma, hyper-nephroma or renal cancer, is frequent in men as well as in women, and as specified in the latest report of the Spanish Society of Medical Oncology (SEOM). ), this type of tumor is among the ten most prevalent in India.

 Use Of Computed Tomography For The Detection Of Kidney Cancer

Kidney cancer is twice as common in men as in women, and CT is usually the best method for its detection. For its effective detection, the Computed Tomography (CT) is the best method (as well as it is to detect tumors of the lung, liver or pancreas, among others). Since the images or results provided by best CT scan centers in Delhi allows the doctor to confirm the presence of a tumor, measure its size, identify its exact location and at the same time determine the extent it has on other nearby tissues.

 

Also, the TAC can be used not only to detect cancer in the kidneys, but to detect if they suffer the following:

  1.      Tumors or other injuries.
  2.      Obstructions such as kidney stones.
  3.      Abscesses (infection and inflammation of tissue of the organism characterized by swelling and pus accumulation).
  4.      Polycystic kidney disease.
  5.      Congenital disabilities.

 

How to prevent kidney cancer?

There are some guidelines you can understand to prevent kidney cancer, such as:

  •        Do not smoke, since tobacco represents a high percentage of cases of kidney cancer.
  •        Eating a balanced diet: obesity and high blood pressure are also risk factors for kidney cancer.
  •        Avoid exposure in the workplace to harmful substances such as cadmium and organic solvents.
  •        It is advisable to perform an abdominal ultrasound every four or five years after age 40 in those cases with a family history of this type of cancer.

 

What are the risks in a CT scan of the kidneys?

If you see yourself identified with some of the following situations, it is essential that you notify the professional to avoid risks and proceed to the diagnosis through other techniques:

  1.      If you regularly take certain medications for diabetes, you may be at risk of developing metabolic acidosis (one of the acid-base balance             disorders)
  2.      If you are allergic to medicines, contrast dyes, local anesthesia, iodine or latex, let them know before performing a CT scan.
  3.      In pregnant patients, radiation from CT can cause risks and adverse effects on the fetus.

 

Why might I need a CT scan of the kidneys?

A CT scan of the kidneys can be done to check the kidneys for:

  •        Tumors or other injuries
  •        Obstructions such as kidney stones
  •        Abscesses
  •        Polycystic kidney disease
  •        Congenital disabilities

A CT scan is also useful when another type of tests, such as an x-ray or a physical exam, does not yield conclusive results. CT scans of the kidneys can be used to evaluate the back of the abdomen. They can also be used to guide needle placement in kidney biopsies.

After a kidney is removed, a CT scan can be performed to locate abnormal masses in the space where the kidney was found.

 

What is Intravascular Ultrasound - A Complete Guide

Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) is performed by a transducer or probe that produce sound waves and images of the coronary arteries. IVUS can show the entire wall of the artery and provide necessary information about plaque buildup, which can further determine if you are at risk for a heart attack. Ultrasound does not use ionizing radiation, has no harmful effects, and allows a clear view of soft tissues that cannot be seen well on X-ray images.

What is Intravascular Ultrasound


4d ultrasound in Delhi requires little or no special preparation. However, because it is usually used along with another process, you should ask your doctor about how to get prepared, about whether you will be admitted for observation and ultrasound cost in Delhi. If you are continuing to be sedated, you may be instructed not to eat or drink anything during the eight hours before the procedure. Leave the jewelry at home and wear loose and comfortable clothing. You could be asked to put on a robe.


The IVUS catheter is a thin, flexible tube that has a tiny ultrasonic transducer at one end. The opposite end of the catheter is attached to a computer that converts the sound waves of the transducer into real-time images on a monitor.

How it is performed?


• The IVUS is performed in a catheterization room (cath lab), usually together with angiography or angioplasty.
• This procedure is often done in outpatients. However, some patients may need hospitalization after the process. Please consult your doctor about whether you will be admitted or not.
• It will be located on an examination table.
• During the procedure, it could be connected to monitors that control the heartbeat, blood pressure, and pulse.
• A nurse or technologist places an intravenous (IV) line in a vein in the hand or arm to administer the sedative medication intravenously. Moderate sedation could be used. As an alternative, you may be given general anesthesia.
• The area of the body where the catheter will be placed will be sterilized and covered with a surgical drape.
• The doctor will leave the area unresponsive with a local anesthetic.
• A small incision is made in the skin on the site.
First, a sheath is inserted into an artery (usually in the groin) or a vein. Using X-rays or ultrasound guidance, insert the catheter into the sheath and carefully push it through the vessel to the final location. Once in place, the transducer at the top of the catheter uses sound waves to produce images of the blood vessels. Doctors can move the catheter to obtain pictures of the inside of the vessels in different locations.

What are the benefits and risks?


IVUS has many benefits for taking images of the coronary arteries:


• shows the presence and amount of plaque in the coronary arteries
• measures the degree of narrowing of the vessel due to the plate
• provides information on what the plate is made of
• detects the recurrence of stenosis
• allows more accurate stent placement and reduces the incidence of stent thrombosis
• does not involve exposure to ionizing radiation


Any procedure that consists of the placement of a catheter in a blood vessel carries certain risks. They include damage to the blood vessel, bruising or bleeding at the site where the needle is placed, and infection. However, precautions are taken to mitigate these risks.

What is the vitamin D lab test?

The vitamin D is essential for healthy bones and teeth nutrient. Two types of vitamin D are necessary for nutrition: vitamin D2 and vitamin D3. The primary source of vitamin D2 is fortified foods, such as breakfast cereals, milk, and other dairy products. The body produces vitamin D3 when we are exposed to sunlight. It is also observed in some foods, such as eggs and fatty fish such as salmon, tuna, and mackerel.

In the bloodstream, vitamin D2 and vitamin D3 are transformed into a form of vitamin D called 25-hydroxyvitamin D, also known as 25-OH vitamin D. The vitamin D test measures the levels of 25-OH vitamin D in the blood. Abnormal levels of vitamin D may indicate bone diseases, nutrition problems, organ damage or other diseases.

 What is the vitamin D lab test?

For what do you use it?

The Vitamin Test is done to detect or monitor bone diseases. Sometimes, it is also used to find out the levels of vitamin D in people with chronic conditions such as asthma, psoriasis or certain autoimmune diseases.

 

Why do I need a vitamin D test?

Your doctor or health professional may ask for a vitamin D test if you have symptoms of vitamin D deficiency (you do not have enough vitamin D), for example:

  • Weak bones
  • Soft bones
  • Malformation of bones (in children)
  • Fractures

The Vitamin test may be required if you are at increased risk for vitamin D deficiency. Some of the risk factors are:

  • Osteoporosis or other bone diseases
  • Previous gastric bypass surgery
  • Age; Vitamin D deficiency is more prevalent in older people
  • Obesity
  • Lack of exposure to sunlight
  • Having darker skin
  • Difficulty in the absorption of fats in the diet
  • Also, breastfed babies may be at increased risk if they do not take vitamin D supplements.

What happens during a vitamin D test?

The vitamin D test is a blood test. During the test, the Vitamin Test Labs takes a blood sample from a vein in one arm with a small needle. After inserting the needle, remove a small amount of blood that is placed in a test tube or vial. You may feel mild discomfort when the needle is inserted or removed, but the procedure usually takes less than five minutes.

 

Will I have to do something to prepare for the test?

The vitamin D test does not require any special preparation.

 

Does this test have any risk?

You may feel mild pain or a bruise where the needle is inserted, but most symptoms disappear quickly.

 

What do the results mean?

If your results show a vitamin D deficiency that could mean that you:

  • Are not exposed enough to sunlight
  • Do not get enough vitamin d in your diet
  • Have difficulty absorbing vitamin D from food

A low result could also mean that the body has trouble using the vitamin correctly and that it may have kidney or liver disease.

If your results show an excess of vitamin D, chances are you are taking too many pills or vitamin D supplements. Excess vitamin D can cause damage to organs and blood vessels.