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A Complete Guide On Ultrasound: Procedure, Preparation And Purpose

Ultrasound is a term that we come across everyday and we’ve seen people around us getting this test done. But what ultrasound really is? For those who are still living under the rock, ultrasound is a type of medical test that brings to use high frequency sound waves in order to capture live images of the inside of your body. Also popularly referred as Sonography, today ultrasound is one of the most widely used imaging techniques by doctors all over the world to identify problems inside the human body. What differentiates ultrasound from all the other imaging techniques is that it does not use any kind of radiation. Here in this blog we will look deeply into the purpose, procedure and preparation of ultrasound scan.

 

Purpose of Ultrasound

Most of the people associate the term ultrasound with pregnancy but the medical test has many purposes beyond it. Yes, ultrasound is most commonly used in scanning the stomach of a mother to be. The medical test provides the mother with the first view of her unborn child. Apart from pregnancy, ultrasound has also a wide variety of other purposes such as detecting problems in kidney, liver, eyes, bladder, brain and other vital body parts. Also the medical technique is very helpful in guiding the surgeon’s movement in complex medical procedures such as biopsies.

 

How to Prepare yourself for an Ultrasound Test

There is no predefined preparation for the ultrasound test but it all depends upon the body part or organ that has to be tested. In cases when the abdomen of the patient is to be examined the doctor will tell you to fast before eight hours. In other cases such as liver, gall bladder or pancreas the doctor may tell you to keep away from fat free food. For distinct cases there are different types of do’s and don’ts that doctors often advise patients. Before an ultrasound test you should inform the doctor about any medications or drugs that you have been prescribed. Be open to your doctor and follow his instructions carefully in order to avoid any kind of inconvenience later on. Although there are no side effects of an ultrasound tests but you need to adhere to the precautions briefed by your doctor.

 

How the Ultrasound is Actually Conducted

The ultrasound test is basically done lying down with the part meant to be tested left exposed. An ultrasound professional is called a sonographer and has deep knowledge about the imaging technique. When you visit an ultrasound clinic the sonographer applies some special kind of lubricant jelly to your body skin. The main motive behind it is to create friction so that the ultrasound transducer can be rubbed easily on the skin and moreover it also helps in transmitting the sound waves. The transducer then sends high frequency sounds, the waves then echo and reflect back once they hit any dense object such as a bone or any organ. This forms an image on the computer that can be interpreted by a doctor. The process usually doesn't take much time to complete but the time may vary depending on the complexity and on which part of the body is being examined.

Purpose, Process and Preparation For Abdominal CT Scan

The full form of CT Scan is Computed Tomography scan. You can call it a specialized x-ray that can produce and show you the cross-sectional images of any particular part of your body. When it is done for the abdomen area, then it is known as abdominal CT Scan.

Some Vital Points to Be Noted

Some critical points you must know regarding CT Scan Abdomen before you go through this test.

•    When a doctor suspects that there can be some abnormalities in the abdomen area of an individual, then he can advise for abdominal CT Scan.

•    If you have any dye allergies, then you must inform your doctor about the same before you go for this test.

•    In general, an abdominal CT scan takes 30 to 45 minutes to be done, and it takes 24 hours to prepare the report.

What Is The Purpose Of Having CT Scan

When your doctor suspects that something is wrong inside your abdomen and need a closer and clearer view of that area, then he can ask for a CT Scan. There are some symptoms due to which a doctor can advise you for this medical examination.

1.    Pain in the abdominal area

2.    To check the size and the location of the stones present in kidneys

3.    To check palpable mass in the abdominal area

4.    Unexplained weight loss

5.    To detect appendicitis

6.    To detect other abdominal infections

7.    Injuries inside the abdominal

8.    Blood clots

9.    Recent cancer diagnosis

10.    To check any obstruction in the intestinal area

Once the doctor gets the report of your CT scan, then he can check the same, and understand the cause of having any of these issues that are mentioned above. Sometimes, the doctor may suggest having the CT scan in between a treatment process to check the progress of that treatment on your body or the abdomen.

Process Of CT Scan

There is a certain machine used in CT scan. The device circles your body and sends its images to a computer which is adjoined with that device. Then those images will be viewed by a technician. Each of these images is viewed as a cross-section image so that it can provide the medical professionals with alternate views of your body.

Through an abdominal CT scan, the doctors are able to see the vessels, organs, and bones of your body in the cavity of the abdomen.

How To Get Prepared For This Test?

In general, the doctors ask the patients to fast for 2 to 4 hours before the test beings. They may also ask you to stop particular medication before this test. Since you will be needed to lie down on the best to go through this test; hence, you should wear something comfortable and loose. You should not wear any jewelry or other items when going through a CT scan.

To know the CT scan price, log on to www.3hcare.in and get details of diagnostic centers offering this service around your locality. 

What Is Pregnancy Ultrasound? Why You Need To Do So?

During pregnancy, a lot of medical examinations are done to determine the health of the fetus and the mother. When you get pregnant, the doctor may ask you to have various blood tests and urine tests to understand the condition of your body, hormone, and other elements. The health of your baby depends on you, and hence it is important to go for a regular checkup and tests to ensure that everything is under control. Pregnancy Ultrasound is one such test that every mother should go through before the delivery to determine the good health and proper growth of her baby inside the uterus.

What Is Pregnancy Ultrasound

An ultrasound which is known as sonogram is a process to monitor fetal development and at the same time to screen if there are any abnormalities in the fetus.

Some Vital Points

Nevertheless, there are some vital points that you must know before you go for this test during your pregnancy.

•    If there is no reason or need, then the medical professionals always suggest that you should not go through this test during pregnancy.

•    You have to go to the best clinic for this test during pregnancy so that you can get an accurate report on time. Since it is the question of your unborn body; hence you should not take any chance.

•    To obtain the best result you must consume two or three glass of water just before the test and try to avoid urinating. This can make your abdomen look bigger and clearer than the normal time during the test, and the images come clearer.

Why You Should Have Pregnancy Ultrasound

There can be diverse reasons for having an ultrasound during pregnancy. Generally, there are two ultrasounds done during pregnancy tenure. However, if your doctor feels then he can advise some more ultrasounds. It is mainly done to see how the fetus is doing inside your womb. The doctor needs to monitor the growth of the fetus at a regular interval and determine if there is any medical attention required by the fetus for normal development.

The ultrasound is also done to understand if there are any difficulties or abnormalities in the abdomen or uterus of the mother that can affect the baby.

When This Test Should Be Done

Pregnancy Ultrasound should be done twice or in some special cases thrice to determine the development of the baby inside the mother.

The first ultrasound should be done during the first trimester, which is from week one to week 12. This is to:

•    Confirm pregnancy

•    Check the heartbeat of the fetus

•    Look for any kind of fetal abnormalities

•    Diagnose ectopic pregnancy

•    Check for multiple pregnancy

•    Determine the gestational age of the fetus

•    Calculate the EDD or estimated due date

The second ultrasound is done during the second or the third trimester of pregnancy to

•    Monitor the normal growth of the fetus

•    Confirm the presence of multiple fetuses inside the uterus

•    Determine the congenital abnormalities in the fetus

•    View the placenta to see if there is any issue

There are a lot of other things that can be confirmed, checked and determined because of this test. To get the information about the diagnostic centers around your locality, log on to www.3hcare.in and you can book your ultrasound online with facility to pay online or pay at center. 

Why And When You Need To Have MRI Scan?

In today’s world, there are different types of medical examinations done with the help of multiple devices so that doctors can get the best result and offer the accurate treatment to the patients. MRI Scan is one such examination that is done to determine different health conditions of a patient and plan the future treatment process.

What is MRI Scan?

Magnetic resonance imaging or MRI scan is a radiological technique. In this method radio waves, magnetism and a computer are used to create the images of the body structure of the patient. The scanner looks like a large tube which is surrounded by a huge circular magnet.

There is a moveable bed on which you as a patient need to lie down and then that bed will be inserted into that tube which is surrounded by a magnet to get the images.

Why Do You Need MRI Scan?

This is an advanced and sophisticated ways to determine the causes of your certain health issues and helps the doctors to find the right solution for the same.

What Can Be Seen Through MRI Scan?

There are a number of things that can be diagnosed with the help of a successful MRI Scan. The doctor will suggest you to scan a relevant sector to identify the issues in that particular part of your body.

•    Ailments of the brain including dementia and brain tumors

•    Vascular abnormalities

•    Spinal injuries and related ailments

•    Sports injuries

•    Female pelvic problems

•    Prostate issues

•    Some typical gastrointestinal tract issues

•    Certain ENT conditions

•    Bone ad soft tissue conditions

That means a wide range of health issues can be diagnosed with the help of proper MRI scan. However, you need to go to a reputed and experienced pathology center where you can have the best MRI scan done by the experts in this field.

Who Should Not Have This Test?

Certain individuals should not go through this test because of the presence of powerful magnetic force in the scanner. Though your doctor will know better and will not let you have this test, but you should also be informed of the fact that when you cannot have an MRI Scan. You cannot have this test if you have

1.    A cochlear implant

2.    A cardiac pacemaker

3.    Certain clips inside your head due to brain operations

4.    Any kind of metallic foreign body inside your eyes

5.    Had any kind of surgeries within last eight weeks

6.    If you are carrying a baby

In such conditions, you will be considered as not fit for going through an MRI Scan in any circumstances.

Preparing For This Test

There is no need to some special preparation for this test. You need to change your regular clothes and have to wear a gown before you lie down on that bed for the test. Since magnets are used in this test; hence, you have to remove any kind of metal from your body; even your credit and debit cards too.

However, sometimes the patients are given intravenous (IV) contrast liquid injection to get a clearer image of particular body tissues.

Time to Avail the Discounted Health Packages at 3HCare

3HCare is here to help you with your health check-up done at the most reputed diagnostic lab and in the minimum possible time. It is an online digital diagnostic portal that has been set up to serve the patients looking for the industry’s best path labs. Through this site, we endeavor to provide the information on the path lab nearest to your location.

Our collaboration with over 350 diagnostic centers enables us to assist every customer irrespective of his/her location. While talking about our tie-ups with NABL accredited labs, it includes Unipath Diagnostics, Mahajan, Modern, Premia, Saral, Clinical Diagnostic Centre, BR Diagnostics, Health plus and other diagnostic centers. The other links include the customer trusted labs such as Alshifa, Metropolis, Arch Pathology and Sera Cue Labs to mention a few. 

Our various health packages

 

 

 

  • Preventive health checkup- This body checkup includes the examining of thyroid profile, Kidney Function Test (KFT), Anemia profile, blood platelet count, Liver Function Test (LFT), vital vitamins profile, heart risk profile, diabetes monitoring and various others. To be precise, this checkup will examine your entire body and will ensure its perfect health.  You can avail 20% discount on this by visiting the path lab referred by us.

 

  • Senior citizen health package- This particular checkup will include the diagnosis of male’s Complete Blood Count (CBC), LFT, KFT, thyroid profile, ECG, whole abdomen ultrasound, PSA, Chest X-ray PA view, lipase, amylase and others.  On the other hand, the female checkup will include ultrasound breast studies, Pap smear, dental checkup, urine routine & microscopic examination and some other tests included in the male package. You can get a flat 10% discount on this. 

 

  • Cardiac package- 3HCare offers a cardiac package which includes the test of CBC, KFT, LFT, lipid profile, blood sugar F/PP, chest X-ray, thyroid profile and urine R/M. All these tests are highly significant to ensure healthy state of heart and to prevent any kind of cardiovascular diseases. We are offering a 10% discount on this package at the referred diagnostic lab.

 

In addition to the above mentioned packages, we also offer comprehensive preventive health profile, path cardiac check, arthritis profile, dengue profile, vitamin profile and others. You can acquire the complete details of the diagnostic labs offering these packages from us.

With this, you can also approach us for an array of healthcare products including nebulizer, humidifier air purifier, tennis elbow support, knee support hinged, pulse massager, blood pressure monitor, knee hammer circular shaped and respirometer to name just a few. All these products are available at our site at the most competitive prices.

So, what are you waiting for? Reach 3HCare to get the best health packages, information on the supreme path labs and the finest quality of health products.  A healthy life awaits you!

3HCare- One Stop Solution to All Your Healthcare Needs

Looking for a customer trusted diagnostic lab near you? Need to get a full body check-up done? If your answer to these questions is a big Yes then you have certainly landed at the right page. At 3HCare, we bring you the references of more than 350 diagnostic centers in Delhi and NCR. Most of these laboratories are NABL accredited while others are the most visited ones. 

What makes us different?

Founded by Dr. Ruchi Gupta, 3HCare has been established with the sole motive of giving patients an access to the finest diagnostic lab. The feature that makes us stand apart from others in the healthcare industry is our information on the path lab nearest to the patients’ location. Yes, we will book your appointments with the nearest diagnostic center, so that you do not have to travel long distances and face any hassles.  All you need to do is to let us know about your specific location/area and we will come up with the best lab.

To offer our customers an added advantage, we do offer discounts on our services. You can expect to get up to 50% discount, depending upon the tests to be done. Rest, a minimum of 10% discount is available on almost every test.      

3 Major Blood Tests and Their Importance      

  • Lipid profile- Lipid profile is basically a panel of different tests that helps in examining the abnormalities in lipids. It measures the triglycerides, Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and total cholesterol. The test is important to identify the risk of any cardiovascular disease and pancreatitis.   
  • Liver Function Test (LFT) - This particular test determines the health of your liver. It helps in diagnosing liver infections, cirrhosis and measures the levels of liver enzymes & proteins.  Liver Function Test is significant to ensure that your liver is functioning properly and maintaining balance in hormones.  
  • Kidney Function Test (KFT) - Any issues in kidney are identified in this test. It examines the presence of protein in the urine and production of creatinine in your blood. For this, the urine sample of the patient is collected and is checked for any kidney abnormalities. If the check-up is not done on time, it may result into failure of your kidney.

Besides this, the other tests include Thyroid Function Test (TFT), Haemogram, stool routine examination, blood grouping & Rh typing, Pulmonary Function Test (PFT), mammography, USG of abdomen and many others. We can customize the health package for you according to the tests you require at the most competitive price. Since our customer support crew works round-the-clock to serve the patients, you can approach us even at the odd hours. Stay strong, stay healthy! 

What is CT with contrast?

The CTS- Computed tomography is a diagnostic imaging method that, by exploiting the radiation, can represent the human body in the sections (tomography) performed according to axial planes, that is, with transversal cuts from head to toe. The X-ray tube, the element that emits X-rays, rotates around the patient, lying on a bed that moves horizontally.

The radiation passing through the patient's body are then converted into analog electrical signals and converted into digital data. In the most recent equipment (TAC multilayer or multidetector), sections, initially acquired according to the axial plane, can easily be reconstructed, without loss of detail, in all planes of space, sometimes using sophisticated dedicated reconstruction software.

What is CT scan with contrast?

The CT scan is used in motions fields: neurological, skeletal, trauma, thoracic, abdominal, cancer, gynecological, vascular and cardiac. With the multilayer, TAC can be displayed well not only the internal organs of the human body but also the arteries and veins.

What are contrast agents?

The contrast agents are substances or materials a radiology technician can be administered during a medical test to help better View the tissues and structures in your body. Commonly used in a computed tomography (CT) scans or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) tests, the contrast media can help doctors diagnose certain medical conditions. While a severe reaction from the substances is rare, side effects and adverse reactions are possible.

The exam is designed exclusively for the study of the parenchyma (brain, lung, liver, pancreas, kidney, and uterus), the arterial blood vessels (aorta) and venous, soft tissue (muscle fascia), bones and joints.

How does the CT scan performed with contrast medium?

The patient is made to lie on a bed which flows through a short tunnel. There are claustrophobic. During the examination, it could be injected into a vein in the arm a contrast medium containing iodine, to make some details more visible (vascular structures and parenchyma). The injection causes a sensation of heat rather intense, but that fades quickly.

Contraindications

There are no absolute contraindications to the execution of a CT scan. Since it uses X-rays, it is however not recommended for pregnant women and children.

The use of contrast medium can be contraindicated in the case of previous allergic reaction to contrast media, renal insufficiency, severe heart failure and other rare conditions. In the case of doubt, please contact your doctor or medical department.

How to find best CT scan price?

While the prices for CT scan are usually dependent on the type of test, you are undergoing as well as the center or clinic you opt for, yet there are chances to get the lowest cost CT scan in Delhi. Search for the best offered price for CT Scan on our website www.3hcare.in with reputed and renowned centers.

Is CT Scan Imaging Same as MRI?

Both MRI and CT are two of the significant advances in current medicine since they allow the examination and detection of diseases using non-invasive methods, without the use of pesky and aggressive techniques such as lumbar punctures or arthrography for the patients.

For both reviews, the patient should lie on a stretcher and enter a relatively narrow cylindrical tunnel. The difference is that in MRI test the tube is a large electromagnetic magnet that allows you to take pictures of the inside of the body by subjecting it to a magnetic field. In a CT, the images are taken using an X-ray beam that makes a circular movement that surrounds the area to be investigated (multiple X-rays from various angles).

With the CT tests, it is possible to reconstruct in three dimensions the area explored, which is very useful when planning a surgery and is the order of the day to locate and treat tumors. Both are image tests, but they are not the same. The CT Scan cost is highly dependent on the scan center and clinic you are going for!

Magnetic resonance uses powerful magnetic fields to produce and detect changes at the molecular level of substances like the hydrogen that contains our body. These changes are very subtle and disappear when we leave the machine, but the machine can detect them and translate them into images of the interior of the body.

Both CT and resonance allow us to explore the inside of the body, but each one is more sensitive to a particular type of injury, so your doctor will indicate the one that is most appropriate as the case may be.

What is a CT Scan Test? What Does it Consist of?

The CT scan test is performed with a device called a scanner. During this test, the body is subjected to multiple rays released simultaneously from different angles, and then a computer assembles them to generate an image of the area to be studied. CT scanning is more detailed than an x-ray since only a beam of light is used on the current x-ray.

Because CT scan is a non-invasive procedure that provides detailed cross-sectional views of all tissue types, it is becoming the ideal method to diagnose many intestinal diseases such as diverticulitis and appendicitis and to visualize the liver, spleen, pancreas and the kidneys.

And Magnetic Resonance- What Does it Consist of?

On the other hand, Magnetic Resonance is a machine that allows obtaining an image of the soft tissues of a patient using the use of a magnetic field. Powerful magnets and radio waves are used to create body images. The main difference between CT and MRI test is that the second one does not use X-rays. Other differences are that the CT scan is faster to perform but has a lower resolution.

Because MRI test can give such clear images of the soft tissues around the bones, it is the most appropriate examination for spine and joint problems. It is also widely used to diagnose sports injuries, especially in the knee, shoulder, hip, elbow, and wrist. The images allow the doctor to see even tiny tears and lesions in the ligaments and muscles.

Thyroid Ultrasound - Conditions and Essential Information

Thyroid Ultrasound

Ultrasound can be used to check for an overactive or hypoactive gland. An ultrasound may also be ordered if your doctor considers a thyroid tumor when examining the neck. Thyroid ultrasound is used to look at the thyroid, a gland located in the neck that regulates metabolism and conducted at Ultrasound clinics.

How is Ultrasound Performed?

The ultrasound is a painless method that uses sound waves to create images from inside the body. The examination is conducted at the ultrasound lab or clinic.

The patient lies with the neck extended beyond its usual limit (hyperextended). The radiologist applies a lubricating gel on the neck and then passes a wand, called a transducer, over the area.

The transducer releases sound waves, which pass through the body and bounce from the area under study (in this case, the thyroid gland). A computer analyzes the pattern that sound waves create when they bounce and make an image.

Why Thyroid Ultrasound?

               

Ultrasound Test is safe and non-painful and produces images of the interior of the body using sound waves. It involves the use of a small transducer (probe) and an ultrasound gel for exposing the body to high-frequency acoustic waves. The transducer picks up the bouncing sounds, and a computer then uses those sound waves to create an image.

Ultrasound examinations do not use ionizing radiation (as used on x-rays). Since the ultrasound images are captured in real-time, they can show the structure and movement of the internal organs of the body, as well as the blood flowing through the blood vessels.

Ultrasound imaging is a non-invasive medical examination that helps doctors diagnose and treat medical conditions.

Thyroid Ultrasound Test produces images of the thyroid gland and adjacent structures in the neck. The thyroid gland is located in the front of the neck, just above the clavicle bone, and is butterfly shaped, with a lobe on each side of the neck connected by a narrow band of tissue. It is one of nine endocrine glands located in the body that produces and send hormones to the bloodstream.

Some of the Common Uses of the Procedure

Usually, the ultrasound of the thyroid is used:

  • To determine if a lump in the neck originates in the thyroid or any adjacent structure
  • To analyze the appearance of the nodules in the thyroid and thus determine if they are one of the most common benign nodules    or if the nodule has characteristics that require a biopsy. If a biopsy is needed, fine-needle aspiration guided by ultrasound can  help improve biopsy accuracy.
  • To look for additional nodules in patients with one or more nodules palpated on a physical examination
  • To see if a thyroid nodule has grown substantially over time

Since ultrasound provides real-time imaging (images that are continuously renewed), it can also be used to guide procedures such as aspiration biopsy, in which a needle is used to extract samples of cells from an abnormal area to be subjected to Laboratory analysis. Ultrasound is also used to aid the insertion of a catheter or other drainage device and helps ensure accurate placement and drainage of the fluid for diagnosis and relief of patient discomfort.

 

 

What is a DTPA Renal Scan? It's Cost, Results And Side Effects

pet scan for cancer

DTPA Renal Scan

DTPA is a radiopharmaceutical used in a DTPA renal scan. It is basically a medicine.

A DTPA renal scan is done to check the supply of the blood, the excretion and the function of the urine from the kidneys. This test finds out the contribution of each kidney towards the functioning of the kidneys in totality. This DTPA scan results help in the evaluation of-

  •         The functioning of the renal tubular and perfusion (the methodology using which the circulation of the body fluids take place in the kidneys)
  •         Reno vascular hypertension(arteries of the kidneys having high blood pressure)
  •         Renal Artery Stenosis (the arteries taking blood to the kidneys become narrow)
  •         Renal tubular damage or obstruction and trauma(ureters become blocked or interrupted)
  •         Renal transplant function and perfusion

How should you prepare for the test?

Prior to getting the scanning done you should have a lot of fluid to drink and should be well hydrated. You need to stop the medications of your blood pressure 4 to 7 days prior to getting your test done.

For acquiring more information about the test, you need to either consult the department of the nuclear medicine or the doctor where your scan is planned. They would give you the instructions required for the test.

What happens during a DTPA Renal Scan?

For ensuring that you are well hydrated, you’ll be given some water to drink prior to the scan. Your height and weight will also be measured.

You will be made to lie on a scanning bed. A gamma camera would be placed under your bed. It’ll be important for you to remain still as any kind of a movement would make the images blur. This would also make the scan results poor. This imaging will in no way hurt you.

An injection will be given into your vein through the cannula inserted into your vein. The radiopharmaceutical is injected through this cannula. This gets detected by the gamma camera providing a clear image of the Kidneys. Through the same cannula another injection would be given. This would be given after the scanning of 15 minutes. This injection reduces the reabsorption of the water by the kidneys and helps the kidneys to form more urine. Also the flow of urine increases through the ureters. This helps in seeing the obstruction that arises in the ureters.

After effects of the Renal Scan

There aren’t any after effects but if the dosage of Diuretic (Furosemide) is given to you for increasing the flow of your Urine, you will often feel thirsty and would have the craving of drinking water often so that you don’t become dehydrated. For emptying your bladder often you’ll have to frequently go to the toilet.

How much time does the Renal Scan Last?

Since the rate of the functioning of the kidney varies from individual to individual therefore the time also varies from individual to individual though normally it takes about 30 to 60 minutes.

Side effects of DTPA Scan

Small dosage of the ionising radiation is given very similar to the imaging tests. This small dosage being very similar to the other types of imaging tests does not have risks.

DTPA Scan Cost

Cost differs from one centre to other based on various reasons. 3H Care assures you of providing best price for your DTPA renal scan. Search for the test on our portal, compare price and book test in lab of your choice.