Ultrasound diagnostics today is one of the most popular instrumental methods for examining the body. The leading manufacturers of ultrasonic scanners, in the face of reasonably large competition, strive for continuous improvement of equipment, introducing new options and modifying devices. On this basis, the difference between modern scanners and machines twenty years ago is very significant.
In this context, modern ultrasound diagnostics on the latest progressive equipment is increasingly coming to the fore in the choice of the clinician for the optimal patient examination technique, successfully competing with such methods as MRI and CT. A separate link here is ultrasound in obstetrics, where the identification of some fetal malformations became possible only with the advent of high-tech ultrasound scanners.
What are the advantages of 3D / 4D ultrasound over a conventional two-dimensional ultrasound regarding diagnosis? Do these methods apply preferentially to specific organs?
The essence of the 3D ultrasound study is that the scanner displays an image in a three-dimensional format, in contrast to the usual two-dimensional ultrasound (2D), where the area under study is displayed in two planes with the natural gray-black shades. 4D Ultrasound examination allows obtaining a similar 3D three-dimensional image in video format in real time.
Of course, the main body of diagnostic information is obtained by the ultrasound diagnostics doctor using a conventional 2D mode, where the necessary assessment of the structure of organs and tissues is carried out, and various measurements are made. Nevertheless, the 3D / 4D imaging format in the past few years has been actively introduced into ultrasound, with a priority in the field of obstetrics and having low 4d ultrasound cost in India.
It is in obstetrics and gynecology that the maximum diagnostic value of 3D research is achieved as a technique to more accurately differentiate fetal malformations, assess the placenta and umbilical cord. Nowadays, 3D / 4D ultrasound imaging is very much in demand among future young parents, as the first photo and video clip in their baby's photo album. As an auxiliary technique, 3D / 4D is also used in general ultrasound and diagnosis of vascular pathologies.
Can a person who feels great, have made an ultrasound diagnosis, and detect something that means a disease or the onset of disease?
In fact, the main focus of modern diagnostic medicine is precisely the identification of diseases prior to the stage of their manifestation, i.e., pronounced clinical manifestations. It is for this purpose that diagnostic equipment is being improved, more adaptive research methods are being developed, and research work is being carried out. Often it is on an ultrasound study that doctors first identify the asymptomatic development of the disease, advising patients on further methods of additional examination and priority consultations of narrow specialists.
Doctors of ultrasound diagnostics actively and fruitfully cooperate with doctors of almost all medical specialties and, accordingly, the potential list of detected diseases directly depends on the diagnostic capabilities of an Ultrasound Clinic. The closest cooperation with the aim of assisting in the diagnosis of specific diseases has been established with therapeutic doctors, endocrinologists, gastroenterologists, cardiologists, neurologists, surgeons, urologists, orthopedists, pediatricians, etc.